Criminal Statutes of Limitations
Indiana

Last Updated: December 2017
Promotion of human trafficking; sexual trafficking of a minor; human trafficking Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

Promotion of human trafficking, sexual trafficking of a minor, and human trafficking is a:

  1. Level five (5) felony if the offender knowingly or intentionally pays, offers to pay, or agrees to pay money or other property to another person for an individual who the offender knows has been forced into prostitution.
  2. Level four (4) felony if the offender, by force, threat of force, or fraud, knowingly or intentionally recruits, harbors or transports another person to force the other person into marriage, prostitution or participating in sexual conduct.
  3. Level three (3) felony if the offender knowingly or intentionally recruits, harbors, or transports: (1) a child less than eighteen (18) with the intent of inducing or causing the child to engage in prostitution or in a performance or incident that includes sexual conduct; or (2) a child less than sixteen (16) with the intent of inducing or causing the child to participate in sexual conduct.
  4. Level two (2) felony if the offender who is at least eighteen (18) knowingly or intentionally sells or transfers custody of a child less than eighteen (18) for the purpose of prostitution or participating in sexual conduct.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. For a level three (3), four (4), or five (5) felony: If the victim was an adult at the time of the commission of the offense, a prosecution for an offense is barred unless it is commenced within five (5) years after the commission of the offense. If the victim was a child at the time of the offense, prosecution is barred unless commenced within ten (10) years after the commission of the offense, or within four years after the person ceases to be a dependent of the person alleged to have committed the offense, whichever occurs later.In either case, if such a felony would otherwise be barred under the foregoing guidelines, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.
  2. For a level two (2) felony: A prosecution may be commenced at any time.

Statutory citation(s):

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-3.5-1
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2





Rape Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

Rape is a:

  • Level three (3) felony if the offender knowingly or intentionally has sexual intercourse with another person or knowingly or intentionally causes another person to perform or submit to other sexual conduct when victim is compelled by force or imminent threat of force, victim is unaware that sexual intercourse is occurring, or victim is so mentally disabled or deficient that consent to sexual intercourse cannot be given; or
  • Level one (1) felony if, in addition to the circumstances described above,
    • The rape is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon;
    • The rape results in serious bodily injury to someone other than perpetrator; or
    • Commission of the rape is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without victim’s knowledge, with a drug or controlled substance, or knowing that victim was furnished with a drug or controlled substance without victim’s knowledge.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above.

  1. For a level three (3) felony:
    1. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18): A prosecution must be brought within ten (10) years after commission of the offense or within four (4) years after the person ceases to be dependent of the person alleged to have committed the offense, whichever occurs later.
    2. If the victim is eighteen (18) or older: A prosecution must be brought within five (5) years after commission of the offense.
    3. Provided, however, if the claim would be barred under the foregoing sections (a) or (b), a prosecution may be commenced not later than five (5) years after the earlier of the date on which: (i) the state first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; (ii) the state first becomes aware of the existence of a recording that provides evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense; or (iii) a person confesses to the offense.
  2. For a level one (1) felony: A prosecution may be commenced at any time.

Statutory citation(s):

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-1
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2





Child molesting Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

Child molesting is a:

 

Level three (3) felony, if a person who, with a child under fourteen (14) years of age, knowingly or intentionally performs or submits to sexual intercourse or other sexual conduct. However, the offense is a level one (1) felony if:

  • It is committed by a person at least twenty-one (21) years of age;
  • It is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon;
  • It results in serious bodily injury;
  • The commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without the victim’s knowledge, with a drug or controlled substance, or knowing that the victim was furnished with the drug or controlled substance without the victim’s knowledge; or
  • It results in the transmission of a dangerous sexually transmitted disease and the person knew that the person was infected with the disease.

 

Level four (4) felony, if a person who, with a child under fourteen (14) years of age, performs or submits to any fondling or touching, of either the child or the older person, with intent to arouse or to satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the older person. However, the offense is a level two (2) felony if:

  • It is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force;
  • It is committed while armed with a deadly weapon; or
  • The commission of the offence is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without the victim’s knowledge, with a drug or a controlled substance, or knowing that the victim was furnished the drug or controlled substance without the victim’s knowledge.

 

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. For level three (3) or four (4) felony: Prosecution must commence within five (5) years after commission of the offense.

    If such a felony would otherwise be barred under the foregoing guidelines, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.
  2. For level one (1) or two (2) felony: A prosecution may be commenced at any time; but the prosecution must be commenced before victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age

Statutory citation(s):

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-3
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2





Child Exploitation Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

Child exploitation is a:

  • Level five (5) felony for:
    • Knowingly or intentionally manages, produces, sponsors, presents, exhibits, photographs, films, videotapes, or creates a digitized image of any performance or incident that includes sexual conduct by a child under eighteen (18) years of age; or
    • Knowingly or intentionally disseminates, exhibits to another person, offers to disseminate or exhibit to another person, or sends or brings into Indiana for dissemination or exhibition matter that depicts or describes sexual conduct by a child under eighteen (18) years of age; or
    • Knowingly or intentionally makes a computer available to another person that contains matter that depicts or describes sexual conduct by a child less than eighteen (18); or
    • With the intent to satisfy or arouse the sexual desires of any person, knowingly or intentionally managing, producing, sponsoring, exhibiting, disseminating (or offering to disseminate or exhibit) etc. any performance or incident that includes the uncovered genitals of a child less than eighteen (18), or exhibiting the female breast with less than a fully opaque covering of any part of the nipple of a child less than eighteen (18), or making available to another person a computer, knowing that the computer contains the above described matter.
  • Level six (6) felony for intentional possession of materials that depict or describe sexual conduct by a child under eighteen (18) or looks to be less than eighteen (18), and that lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. For a level five (5) or six (6) felony: Prosecution must be commenced within ten (10) years after the commission of the offense, or within four (4) years after the victim ceases to be a dependent of the person alleged to have committed the offense, whichever occurs later.
  2. For level five (5) felony only: If such a felony would otherwise be barred under the above limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.

Statutory citation(s):

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-4
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2(m)





Vicarious sexual gratification; fondling in the presence of a minor. Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

Vicarious sexual gratification is a:

  • Level three (3) felony if any child involved in the offense is less than fourteen (14) years of age, and it is a level two (2) felony if the offense is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force, if it is committed while armed with a deadly weapon, if it results in serious bodily injury, or if the commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without the victim's knowledge, with a drug or a controlled substance or knowing that the victim was furnished with the drug or controlled substance without the victim's knowledge;
  • Level three (3) felony if the offense is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon; or the commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without the victim's knowledge, with a drug or a controlled substance or knowing that the victim was furnished with the drug or controlled substance without the victim’s knowledge or if it results in serious bodily injury;
  • Level four (4) felony if a child involved in the offense is under the age of fourteen (14);
  • Level four (4) felony if a person eighteen (18) years of age or older who knowingly or intentionally directs, aids, induces, or causes a child under the age sixteen (16) to:
    • Engage in sexual intercourse with another child under sixteen (16) years of age;
    • Engage in sexual conduct with an animal other than a human being; or
    • Engage in other sexual conduct with another person; all with intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of a child or the older person.
  • Level five (5) felony for an offender eighteen (18) or older who knowingly or intentionally directs, aids, induces, or causes a child under the age of sixteen (16) to touch or fondle himself or another child under the age of sixteen (16) with intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of a child or the older person;
  • Level six (6) felony if a person eighteen (18) years of age or older who knowingly or intentionally:
    • Engages in sexual intercourse;
    • Engages in other sexual conduct; or
    • Touches or fondles the person's own body in the presence of a child less than fourteen (14) years of age with the intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of the child or the older person.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. For level two (2), three (3), four (4), five (5), or six (6) felony: A prosecution must be commenced before the victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age; provided, however, that for a level three (3), four (4), or five (5) felony, if such a felony would otherwise be barred under the foregoing limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.

Statutory citation(s):

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-5
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2





Child solicitation Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

Child solicitation is a:

  • Level five (5) felony if a person age eighteen (18) or older knowingly or intentionally commands, authorizes, urges, incites, requests or advises an individual under the age of fourteen (14) to perform (1) sexual intercourse, (2) other sexual conduct, or (3) any fondling or touching intended to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the older person.
  • Level four (4) felony if the above crime is committed by using a computer network (as defined in § 35-43-2-3) and the offender travels to meet the child, or the offender has a previous unrelated conviction for an offense under this section.
  • Level five (5) felony if a person age twenty-one (21) or older knowingly or intentionally commands, authorizes, urges, incites, requests or advises an individual at least fourteen (14) years old but less than sixteen (16) years old (or a person the offender believes to be between fourteen (14) years old and sixteen (16) years old) to perform (1) sexual intercourse, (2) other sexual conduct, or (3) any fondling or touching intended to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the older person.
  • Level four (4) felony if the above crime is committed by using a computer network (as defined in § 35-43-2-3) and the offender travels to meet the child, or the offender has a previous unrelated conviction for an offense under this section.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. The prosecution must be commenced before the victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age, but if a claim would otherwise be barred under the foregoing limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.

Statutory citation(s):

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-6
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2(e)





Child seduction Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

Child seduction is a:

  • Level six (6) felony if the offender is eighteen (18) or older and is the guardian, adoptive parent, adoptive grandparent, custodian, stepparent, child care worker, or person with professional relationship with the child who may exert undue influence on the child because of the relationship and uses or exerts the relationship to engage in sexual conduct or fondling with the child, or a law enforcement officer who is at least five (5) years older than the child, the child being at least sixteen (16) years old but less than eighteen (18), and the offender engages in fondling or touching with the intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the offender.
  • Level five (5) felony if the offender described above engages with the child in sexual intercourse or other sexual conduct.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. Prosecution must be commenced before the victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age.
  2. Only for level five (5) felony: If such a felony would otherwise be barred under the above limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.

Statutory citation(s):

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-7
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2





Sexual battery Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

Sexual battery is a:

  • Level six (6) felony if the perpetrator, with the intent to arouse or satisfy perpetrator’s own sexual desires or the sexual desires of another:
    • Touches victim when victim is compelled to submit to the touching by force or the imminent threat of force or so mentally disabled or deficient that consent to the touching cannot be given; or
    • Touches another person’s genitals, pubic area, buttocks, or female breast when that person is unaware that the touching is occurring.
  • Level four (4) felony if, along with description above, offense is committed the by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon, or if commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without victim’s knowledge, with a drug or controlled substance, or knowing that victim was furnished with a drug or controlled substance without victim’s knowledge

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. For level four (4) or six (6) felony: If the victim is an adult, prosecution must commence within five (5) years after commission of the offense. If the victim is a child, prosecution must commence within ten (10) years after the commission of the offense, or within four (4) years after the victim ceases to be a dependent of the person alleged to have committed the offense, whichever occurs later.
  2. Only for level four (4) felony: If such a felony would otherwise be barred under the above limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.

Statutory citation(s):

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-8
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2





Sexual misconduct with a minor Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

Sexual misconduct with a minor is a:

  • Level five (5) felony if a person at least eighteen (18) performs or submits to sexual intercourse or other sexual conduct with a child at least fourteen (14) but less than sixteen (16), but:
    • Level four (4) felony if perpetrator is at least twenty-one (21); or
    • Level one (1) felony if offense is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon, if it results in serious bodily injury or if commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without victim’s knowledge, with a drug or controlled substance, or knowing that victim was furnished with a drug or controlled substance without victim’s knowledge
  • Level six (6) felony if a person at least eighteen (18) performs or submits to any fondling or touching with intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the older person, with a child at least fourteen (14) but less than sixteen (16), but:
    • Level five (5) felony if perpetrator is at least twenty-one (21); or
    • Level two (2) felony if offense is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon, or if commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without victim’s knowledge, with a drug or controlled substance, or knowing that victim was furnished with a drug or controlled substance without victim’s knowledge.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. For a level four (4), level five (5), or level six (6) felony: within ten (10) years after commission of the offense, or within four (4) years after the victim ceases to be a dependent of the person alleged to have committed the offense; but for level four or level five , if such a felony would otherwise be barred under the foregoing guideline, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.
  2. For a level one (1) or level two (2) felony: Prosecution may be commenced at any time.

Statutory citation(s):

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-9
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2





Incest (Applies to offenders age 18 or older) Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

Incest is a:

  • Level five (5) felony if offender engages in sexual intercourse or other sexual conduct with another person, when the person knows that the other person is related to the person biologically as a parent, child, grandparent, grandchild, sibling, aunt, uncle, niece, or nephew and the victim is over the age of sixteen (16).
  • Level four (4) felony if the victim is under the age of sixteen (16).

The prosecution must be commenced before victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age. If such a felony would otherwise be barred under the foregoing guideline, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.

Statutory citation(s):

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-46-1-3
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2





Failure of carriers of dangerous communicable diseases to warn persons at risk Answer

What is the statute of limitations for this crime?

This statute has been repealed.

Statutory citation(s):

This statute has been repealed.






Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws? Answer
Exceptions

A prosecution for a Class B or C felony (for a crime committed before July 1, 2014) or a level three (3), four (4), or five (5) felony (for a crime committed after June 30, 2014) that would otherwise be barred may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis, or the date on which the state could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis by the exercise of due diligence. Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2.






Anything else I should know? Answer
Anything else I should know?
  • Pursuant to Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2(h), the period within which a prosecution must be commenced does not include any period in which:
    • The accused person is not usually and publicly resident in the state or so conceals himself or herself that process cannot be served;
    • The accused person conceals evidence of the offense, and evidence sufficient to charge the person with that offense is unknown to the prosecuting authority and could not have been discovered by that authority by exercise of due diligence;
  • For purposes of tolling the period of limitation only, a prosecution is considered commenced on the earliest of these dates: (1) The date of filing of an indictment, information, or complaint before a court having jurisdiction; (2) The date of issuance of a valid arrest warrant; or (3) The date of arrest of the accused person by a law enforcement officer without a warrant, if the officer has authority to make the arrest. Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2(h).
  • A prosecution is considered timely commenced for any offense to which the defendant enters a plea of guilty, notwithstanding that the statute of limitations has expired. Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2(j).
  • If a complaint, indictment, or information is dismissed because of an error, defect, insufficiency, or irregularity, a new prosecution may be commenced within ninety (90) days after the dismissal even if the period of limitation has expired at the time of dismissal, or will expire within ninety (90) days after the dismissal. Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2(g).








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