RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network

Back to Report Generator

Statutes of Limitations

Last Updated: March 2020
Alabama What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape, first degree

This crime is a Class A felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; and any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.  See Kirby v. State, 500 So. 2d 79, 80 (Ala. Crim. App. 1986), a case which held that: no time limit for the offense of rape because rape is classified for limitations purposes as an offense which may be punished capitally; therefore, statute of limitations for felony offenses does not apply to rape. See also Ex parte Beverly, 497 So.2nd 519 (Supreme Court of Alabama, 1986), a case which held that the Alabama legislature never intended for rape to cease being a “capital offense” for purposes of the statute of limitations as a result of any court invalidating Alabama’s capital punishment laws. See also Chamblee v. State, 527 So.2d 173, 174 (Ala. Crim. App. 1988).
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-61.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Rape, second degree

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; and any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.  See Kirby v. State, 500 So. 2d 79, 80 (Ala. Crim. App. 1986), a case which held that: no time limit for the offense of rape because rape is classified for limitations purposes as an offense which may be punished capitally; therefore, statute of limitations for felony offenses does not apply to rape.  See also Ex parte Beverly, 497 So.2nd 519 (Supreme Court of Alabama, 1986), a case which held that the Alabama legislature never intended for rape to cease being a “capital offense” for purposes of the statute of limitations as a result of any court invalidating Alabama’s capital punishment laws.  See also Chamblee v. State, 527 So.2d 173, 174 (Ala. Crim. App. 1988).
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-62.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Sodomy, first degree

This crime is a Class A felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; and any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death. 
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-63.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Sodomy, second degree

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; and any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death. 
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-64.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Sexual misconduct

Note: A 2015 decision held that a provision in the sexual-misconduct statute, stating that consent is no defense, was unconstitutional as applied to defendant; however, the state could continue to enforce statute in different circumstances where it is not unconstitutional. See Williams v. State, 2015 WL 4066693, *4-5 (Ala. Crim. App. 2015) for more detail.

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. For all misdemeanors, within one year after commission of the offense; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-65.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-2 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Sexual torture

This crime is a Class A felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death. 
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-65.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Sexual abuse, first degree

This crime is a Class C felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-66.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Sexual abuse, second degree

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor, except if offender commits a second or subsequent offense of sexual abuse in the second degree within one year of another sexual offense, then the offense is a Class C felony. 

  1. If a misdemeanor, within one year after commission of the offense; or
  2. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  3. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-67.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1, Ala. Code § 15-3-2 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Enticing child under 16 to enter vehicle, house, etc., for immoral purposes

This crime is a Class C felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-69.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Sexual abuse of a child under 12

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-69.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Transmitting obscene material to a child under 16 by computer

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-111.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Facilitating solicitation of unlawful sexual conduct with a child under 16

This crime is a Class C felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-121.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Electronic solicitation of a child under 16

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-122.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Incest

This crime is a Class C felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-13-3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
School employee having sexual contact with a student under the age of 19

Note: “School employee” includes a teacher, school administrator, student teacher, safety or resource officer, coach, adult volunteer in a position of authority, or any other school employee who has contact with a student in his or her official capacity as a school employee.

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. For all misdemeanors, within one year after commission of the offense; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the definition of school employee: Ala. Code § 13A-6-80.
  2. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-82.
  3. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1, Ala. Code § 15-3-2 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Facilitating the on-line solicitation of a child under 16

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-123.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Traveling to meet a child under 16 for an unlawful sex act

This crime is a Class A felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of: a capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-124.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Facilitating the travel of a child under 16 for an unlawful sex act

This crime is a Class A felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of: a capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-125.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Indecent exposure

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor except a third or subsequent conviction is a Class C felony.

  1. For all misdemeanors, within one year after commission of the offense; or
  2. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  3. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-68.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1, Ala. Code § 15-3-2 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
School employee engaging in a sex act with a student under the age of 19 years

Note: “School employee” includes a teacher, school administrator, student teacher, safety or resource officer, coach, adult volunteer in a position of authority, or any other school employee who has contact with a student in his or her official capacity as a school employee.

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the definition of school employee: Ala. Code § 13A-6-80.
  2. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-81.
  3. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1, Ala. Code § 15-3-3 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Foster parent engaging in a sex act with a foster child

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the definition of sexual intercourse or deviant sexual intercourse: Ala. Code § 13A-60-60(1) or (2).
  2. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-71.
  3. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Foster parent engaging in sexual contact with a foster child

This crime is a Class C felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the definition of sexual contact: Ala. Code § 13A-60-60(3).
  2. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-71.
  3. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Foster parent soliciting a sex act or sexual contact with a foster child

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. Within one year after commission of the offense; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the definition of sexual act or contact: Ala. Code § 13A-60-60(1)-(3).
  2. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-71.
  3. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-2 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Electronic Solicitation of a Child

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-122.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
School employee distributing obscene material to a student

Note: “School employee” includes a teacher, school administrator, student teacher, safety or resource officer, coach, adult volunteer in a position of authority, or any other school employee who has contact with a student in his or her official capacity as a school employee.

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. For all misdemeanors, within one year after commission of the offense; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the definition of school employee: Ala. Code § 13A-6-82.1.
  2. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-82.1.
  3. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1, Ala. Code § 15-3-2 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Facilitating solicitation of unlawful sexual conduct with a child

This crime is a Class C felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code §13A-6-121
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Distributing a private image with intent to harass, threaten, coerce, or intimidate the person depicted.

A first offense is a Class A misdemeanor.  A subsequent adjudication or conviction is a Class C felony.

  1. For all misdemeanors, within one year after commission of the offense; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  3. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  4. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-240.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Assault with bodily fluids

A first offense is a Class A misdemeanor.  If the person commits the crime knowing that he or she has a communicable disease, then a Class C felony.

  1. For all misdemeanors, within one year after commission of the offense; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  3. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  4. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-242.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Sexual Extortion

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-241.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.
Directing a child to engage in sexual intercourse or sodomy

This crime may be a Class A felony or a Class B felony.

  1. For all felonies, within five years after commission of the offense, except those specified in Section 15-3-3, Section 15-3-5 or any other felony that has a specified limitations period; or
  2. No time limit for the prosecution of: any capital offense; any felony involving the use of, attempted use of, or threat of, violence to a person; any felony involving serious physical injury or death of a person; any sex offense involving a victim under 16 years of age, regardless of whether it involves force or serious physical injury or death.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ala. Code § 13A-6-243.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ala. Code § 15-3-1 and Ala. Code § 15-3-5.






Alaska What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual assault, first degree

This crime is an unclassified felony. 

  1. No time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.410.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Sexual assault, second degree

This crime is a Class B felony. 

  1. No time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.420.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Sexual assault, third degree

This crime is a Class C felony. 

  1. No time limit for prosecution of this crime if it is committed against a victim under 18; or
  2. No time limit for prosecution of crime if offender, an employee of the state correctional facility or of other placement designated by the commissioner of corrections for the custody and care of prisoners, engages in sexual penetration with victim, who offender knows is committed to the custody of the Department of Corrections to serve a term of imprisonment or period of temporary commitment (§ 11.41.425(a)(2)); or
  3. No time limit for prosecution of crime if offender is the legal guardian of victim and engages in sexual penetration with a person 18 or 19 years of age who the offender knows is committed to the custody of the Department of Health and Social Services under AS 47.10 or AS 47.12 (§ 11.41.425(a)(3)); or
  4. No time limit for prosecution of crime if offender, while employed in the state by a law enforcement agency as a peace officer, or acting as a peace officer in the state, engages in sexual penetration with a person with reckless disregard that the person is in the custody or the apparent custody of the offender or is committed to the custody of a law enforcement agency (§ 11.41.425(a)(4)); or
  5. Within ten years after commission of the offense when offender engages in sexual contact with a victim who the offender knows is mentally incapable, incapacitated, or unaware that a sexual act is being committed (§ 11.41.425(a)(1)); or
  6. Within ten years after commission of the offense when a probation or parole officer, while employed by the state or a municipality of the state, engages in sexual penetration with a person with reckless disregard that the person is on probation or parole (§ 11.41.425(a)(5)); or
  7. Within ten years after commission of the offense when a juvenile probation officer or juvenile facility staff engages in sexual penetration with a person 18 or 19 years of age with reckless disregard that the person is committed to the custody or probationary supervision of the Department of Health and Social Services (§ 11.41.425(a)(6)).
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.425.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Sexual assault, fourth degree

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor. 

  1. No time limit for prosecution of this crime if it is committed against a victim under 18; or
  2. Within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.427.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Sexual abuse of a minor, first degree

This crime is an unclassified felony. 

  1. No time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.434.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Sexual abuse of a minor, second degree

This crime is Class B felony. 

  1. No time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.436.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Sexual abuse of a minor, third degree

This crime is a Class C felony. 

  1. No time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.438.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Sexual abuse of a minor, fourth degree

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor. 

  1. Within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.440.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Incest

This crime is a Class C felony. 

  1. No time limit for prosecution when the offense is committed against a victim under 18; or
  2. Within ten years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.450.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Online enticement of a minor

This crime is a Class B felony unless the defendant at the time of the offense was required to register as a sex offender or child kidnapper, in which case this crime is a Class A felony. 

  1. No time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.452.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Unlawful exploitation of a minor

This crime is a Class B felony, unless the defendant has previously been convicted of this crime in Alaska or a similar crime in Alaska or another jurisdiction, in which case it is a Class A felony.

  1. No time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.455.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Indecent exposure in the first degree

This crime is a Class C felony. 

  1. No time limit for prosecution when the offense is committed against a victim under 18; or
  2. Within ten years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.458.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Indecent exposure in the second degree

This crime is a Class B misdemeanor unless the victim was under 16, in which case this crime is a Class A misdemeanor. 

  1. Within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Alaska Stat. § 11.41.460.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Alaska Stat. § 12.10.010.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Arizona What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual abuse

This crime is a Class 3 felony if victim is under 15.  Otherwise, this crime is a Class 5 felony. 

  1. If Class 3 or Class 5 felony, within seven years after actual discovery by the state or political subdivision having jurisdiction of the offense or discovery by the state or the political subdivision that should have occurred with the exercise of reasonable diligence, whichever first occurs.
  2. Additionally, please see “Violent Sexual Assault” below for more information.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1404.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(B)(1).
Public sexual indecency

This crime is a Class 5 felony if committed against a minor. Otherwise, this crime is a Class 1 misdemeanor. 

  1. If committed against a minor and a Class 5 felony, within seven years after actual discovery by the state or political subdivision having jurisdiction of the offense or discovery by the state or the political subdivision that should have occurred with the exercise of reasonable diligence, whichever first occurs.
  2. If committed against an adult and a Class 1 misdemeanor, within one year after actual discovery by the state or political subdivision having jurisdiction of the offense or discovery by the state or the political subdivision that should have occurred with the exercise of reasonable diligence, whichever first occurs.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1403.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(B)(1) and § 13-107(B)(2).
Sexual conduct with a minor

This crime is a Class 2 felony if minor is under 15; Class 6 felony if minor is at least 15 but under 18; or Class 2 felony if minor is at least 15 but accused is or was in a position of trust and the convicted person is not eligible for suspension of sentence, probation, pardon or release from confinement on any basis except as specifically authorized by § 31-233(A) or (B) until the sentence imposed has been served or commuted.

  1. No time limit for prosecution if a Class 2 felony.
  2. If Class 6 felony, within seven years after actual discovery by the state or political subdivision having jurisdiction of the offense or discovery by the state or the political subdivision that should have occurred with the exercise of reasonable diligence, whichever first occurs.
  3. Additionally, please see “Violent Sexual Assault” below for more information.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1405.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(A) and Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(B)(1).
Sexual assault

This crime is a Class 2 felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1406.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(A).
Unlawful sexual conduct by an adult probation department employee or juvenile court employee

This crime is a Class 2 felony if minor is under 15; Class 3 felony if minor is at least 15 but under 18; or Class 5 felony otherwise.

Note: “Adult probation department employee or juvenile court employee” means an employee of an adult probation department or the juvenile court who either: (i) through the course of employment, directly provides treatment, care, control or supervision to a victim, or (ii) provides presentence or predisposition reports directly to a court regarding the victim.

  1. No time limit for prosecution if a Class 2 felony.
  2. If a Class 3 or Class 5 felony, within seven years after actual discovery by the state or political subdivision having jurisdiction of the offense or discovery by the state or the political subdivision that should have occurred with the exercise of reasonable diligence, whichever first occurs.
Molestation of child under 15

This crime is a Class 2 felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1410.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(A).
Continuous sexual abuse of a child under 14

This crime is a Class 2 felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1417.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(A).
Sexual misconduct; behavioral health professionals

This crime is a Class 6 felony.

  1. For Class 6 felony, within seven years after actual discovery by the state or political subdivision having jurisdiction of the offense or discovery by the state or the political subdivision that should have occurred with the exercise of reasonable diligence, whichever first occurs.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1418.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(B)(1).
Unlawful sexual conduct; correctional employees

This crime is a Class 2 felony if minor is under 15; Class 3 felony if minor is at least 15 but under 17; or Class 5 felony otherwise.

  1. No time limit for prosecution if a Class 2 felony.
  2. If a Class 3 or Class 5 felony, within seven years after actual discovery by the state or political subdivision having jurisdiction of the offense or discovery by the state or the political subdivision that should have occurred with the exercise of reasonable diligence, whichever first occurs.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1419.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(A) and Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(B)(1).
Violent sexual assault

This crime modifies the offenses of Sexual Abuse (§ 13-1404), Sexual Conduct with a Minor (§ 13-1405), Sexual Assault (§ 13-1406), and Molestation of a Child under 15 (§ 13-1410) when those offenses involve a deadly weapon, dangerous instrument, or knowing infliction of serious physical injury, and the perpetrator has a prior felony conviction for any sex offense.

This crime modifies the above offenses by:

  1. Eliminating the time limit for the prosecution of those crimes, if such time limits apply. 
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1423.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(A).
Commercial sexual exploitation of a minor

This crime is a Class 2 felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3552.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(A).
Sexual exploitation of a minor

This crime is a Class 2 felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3553.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(A).
Luring a minor for sexual exploitation

This crime is a Class 3 felony.

  1. For Class 3 felony, within seven years after actual discovery by the state or political subdivision having jurisdiction of the offense or discovery by the state or the political subdivision that should have occurred with the exercise of reasonable diligence, whichever first occurs.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3554.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(B)(1).
Aggravated luring of a minor for sexual exploitation

This crime is a Class 2 felony.

  1. No time limit for the prosecution of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3560.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(A).
Incest

This crime is a Class 4 felony. 

  1. For Class 4 felony, within seven years after actual discovery by the state or political subdivision having jurisdiction of the offense or discovery by the state or the political subdivision that should have occurred with the exercise of reasonable diligence, whichever first occurs.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3608.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-107(B)(1).
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
  • State v. Gum, 153 P.3d 418, 425–26 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2007)
    • Time limit for the prosecution of  serious offenses enumerated in § 13-604 (including sexual assault) committed prior to the §13-107 amendment effective date of July 21, 1997 is tolled until the state knows the identity of the offender, if as of such amendment date the previous seven year limitation period had not expired.  See also State v. Aguilar, 178 P.3d 497, 503 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2008).  But see Taylor v. Cruikshank, 148 P.3d 84, 91 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2006) (holding that the 1997 amendment does not apply to crimes committed before its effective date, and thus the statute begins to run when the state discovers or should have discovered that an offense was committed).






Arkansas What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual indecency with a child

This crime is a Class D felony. 

  1. A prosecution may be commenced for a violation of this crime at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-14-110.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(1)(E).
Sexual assault, first degree

This crime is a Class A felony.

  1. A prosecution may be commenced for a violation of this crime at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-14-124.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(1)(F).
Sexual assault, second degree

This crime is a Class B felony.  If, however, offender is a minor and victim is less than 14 and not offender’s spouse, then crime is a Class D felony.

  1. A prosecution may be commenced for a violation of this crime at any time if the victim was a minor at the time of the offense; or
  2. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-14-125.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(1)(G) and § 5-1-109 (b)(2).
Sexual assault, third degree

This crime is a Class C felony.

  1. A prosecution may be commenced for a violation of this crime at any time if, when the alleged violation occurred, the offense was committed against a minor, the violation has not been previously reported to a law enforcement agency or prosecuting attorney, and the victim has not reached the age of twenty-eight (28) years of age; or
  2. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-14-126.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(2)(A) and Ark. Code § 5-1-109(b)(2).
Sexual assault, fourth degree

This crime is a Class D felony if: (i) offender 20 years of age or older engages in sexual intercourse, deviate sexual activity, or sexual contact with victim under 16 who is not offender’s spouse; or (ii) offender is employed with the Department of Correction, Department of Community Correction, Department of Human Services, or any city or county jail and victim is in the custody thereof and not offender’s spouse.

Otherwise this crime is a Class A misdemeanor if an offender 20 years of age or older engages in sexual contact with a victim under 16 who is not the offender’s spouse.

  1. A prosecution may be commenced for a violation of this crime at any time if, when the alleged violation occurred, the offense was committed against a minor, the violation has not been previously reported to a law enforcement agency or prosecuting attorney, and the victim has not reached the age of twenty-eight (28) years of age; or
  2. If a Class D felony, within three years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For misdemeanors and violations, within one year after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-14-127.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(2)(B), § 5-1-109(b)(2) and § 5-1-109(b)(3)(A).
Incest

This crime is a Class C felony.

  1. A prosecution may be commenced for a violation of this crime at any time if the victim was a minor at the time of the offense; or
  2. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-26-202.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(1)(H) and § 5-1-109(b)(2).
Engaging children in sexually explicit conduct for use in visual or print medium

This crime is a Class B felony for first offense, and a Class A felony for subsequent offenses.

  1. A prosecution may be commenced for a violation of this crime at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-27-303.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(1)(I).
Transportation of minors for prohibited sexual conduct

This crime is a Class A felony.

  1. A prosecution may be commenced for a violation of this crime at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-27-305.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(1)(J).
Internet stalking of a child

This crime is a Class B felony if it involves an attempt to arrange a meeting with a child 15 years or younger or whom the offender believes to be 15 years or younger, even if a meeting with the child never takes place.

Otherwise, this crime is a Class Y felony if the offender arranges a meeting with a child 15 years or younger and the meeting takes place, even if the offender fails to engage the child in (i) sexual intercourse, (ii) sexually explicit conduct, or (iii) deviate sexual activity.

  1. For Class Y felony, within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. For Class B felony, within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-27-306.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(b)(1)(A) and § 5-1-109(b)(2).
Employing or consenting to the use of a child in a sexual performance

This crime is a Class C felony for the first offense, and a Class B felony for subsequent offenses.

  1. A prosecution may be commenced for a violation of this crime at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-27-402.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(1)(K).
Producing, directing or promoting child sexual performance

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. A prosecution may be commenced for a violation of this crime at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-27-403.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(1)(L).
Rape

This crime is a Class Y felony. 

  1. Within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the crime was committed against a minor, prosecution can occur at any time.
  3. Additionally, please see "Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?" below for more information.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-14-103.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(1)(D) and § 5-1-109(b)(1)(A).
Knowingly transmitting AIDS, HIV

This crime is a Class A felony.

  1. Within six years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-14-123.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(b)(1)(A).
Computer exploitation of a child in the first degree

This crime is a Class B felony for the first offense, but a Class A felony for subsequent offenses.

  1. A prosecution for this offense may begin at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-27-605(a).
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(a)(1)(M).
Computer exploitation of a child in the second degree

This crime is a Class C felony. 

  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-27-605(b).
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(b)(2).
Sexually grooming a child

This crime is a Class D felony if the perpetrator is 21 years or older. If, however, the perpetrator is under 21 years old, this crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. For a Class D felony, within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. For misdemeanors and violations, within one year after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ark. Code § 5-27-307.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ark. Code § 5-1-109(b)(2) and (b)(3)(A).
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations law?
Anything else I should know?






California What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape

Please see “Punishment for rape” below for details on the penalties for this crime.

  1. Prosecution for a felony offense, described in paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4), (6) or (7) of subdivision (a) of Section 261 may be commenced at any time, for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2017, and for crimes for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2017, has not run as of January 1, 2017; or
  2. Prosecution of crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2015, or for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2015, has not run as of January 1, 2015, and are alleged to have been committed when the victim was under 18 years of age, may be commenced any time prior to the victim's 40th birthday; or
  3. Prosecution must bring a case against the perpetrator within 6 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 261.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § SB 813, § 801.1(a)(1), § 801.1(a)(2) and § 800.
Unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor

This crime is a misdemeanor if victim is not more than three years older or three years younger than offender; misdemeanor or felony if victim is more than three years younger than offender and punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding 1 year, or by imprisonment in the state prison for up to 3 years; misdemeanor or felony if offender is at least 21 and victim is under 16 and punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or by imprisonment in the state prison for 2, 3, or 4 years.

  1. Prosecution for an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison or pursuant to subdivision (h) of § 1170 [describing trial court’s options for sentencing up to 3 years] shall be commenced within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 261.5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § 801.
Spousal rape

Please see “Punishment for rape” below for details on the penalties for this crime.

  1. Prosecution for a felony offense described in paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4), or (5) of subdivision (a) of Section 262 may be commenced at any time, for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2017, and for crimes for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2017, has not run as of January 1, 2017; or
  2. Prosecution must bring a case against the perpetrator within 6 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 262.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § SB 813, § 800.
Punishment for rape

This section outlines the punishments for rape and spousal rape, the length of punishment time being a modifying factor when determining the statute of limitations for each crime.  Please see “Rape” and “Spousal Rape” for information regarding each crime’s statute of limitations.  The punishment for each crime is as follows:

  1. Rape, as defined in § 261 and § 262, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years;
  2. Rape involving a child under the age of 14 is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 9, 11 or 13 years if the rape was done against the victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another; and
  3. Rape involving a minor over 14 years of age is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 7, 9 or 11 years if the rape was done against the victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 264.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: please see the crimes of “rape” and “spousal rape” for a statute of limitations citation.
Rape or penetration of genital or anal openings by foreign object, etc.; acting by force or violence; punishment

This crime is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 5, 7 or 9 years; or if the victim is under 14 years of age, then the crime is punishable by imprisonment for 10, 12 or 14 years; or if the victim is a minor over the age of 14, then 7, 9 or 11 years.

  1. Prosecution for a felony offense described in Section 264.1 may be commenced at any time for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2017, and for crimes for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2017, has not run as of January 1, 2017; or
  2. Prosecution must bring a case against the perpetrator within 6 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 264.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § SB 813, § 800.
Unlawful sexual intercourse, sexual penetration, oral copulation, or sodomy; consent procured by false or fraudulent representation with intent to create fear; punishment

This crime is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or by imprisonment in the state prison for 2, 3 or 4 years.

  1. Prosecution must bring a case against the perpetrator within 3 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 266c.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § 801.
Aggravated sexual assault of child

This crime is a felony, punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 15 years to life.

  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 269.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § 799(a).
Incest

This crime is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison.

  1. Prosecution must bring a case against the perpetrator within 3 years after commission of the offense
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 285.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § 801.
Sodomy

This crime is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison or in a county jail for not more than 1 year if committed by any person upon a person under the age of 18 and if committed by a person over the age of 21 upon a person under 16 years of age, then such act is a felony; or if the victim is under 14 years old and more than 10 years younger than perpetrator, then 3, 6 or 8 years; or if the act of sodomy is accomplished by means of force, violence, etc., then 3, 6 or 8 years; or if the victim is under the age of 14 and the act is accomplished by means of force, violence, etc., then 9, 11 or 13 years; or if the victim is a minor over the age of 14, and the act is by means of force, violence, etc., then 7, 9 or 11 years.

  1. Prosecution for a felony offense described in Section 286 may be commenced at any time for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2017, and for crimes for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2017, has not run as of January 1, 2017; or
  2. Prosecution for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2015, or for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2015, has not run as of January 1, 2015, and are alleged to have been committed when the victim was under 18 years of age, may be commenced any time prior to the victim’s 40th birthday; or
  3. Prosecution of an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison must be commenced within 3 years after commission of the offense; or
  4. Prosecution must bring a case against the perpetrator within 6 years after commission of the offense, if offense is punishable by imprisonment for 8 years or more.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 286.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § SB 813, § 800, § 801 and § 801.1(a).
Lewd or lascivious acts involving children

If the victim is under 14, then this crime is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 3, 6 or 8 years; if committed with use of force, violence, etc., 5, 8 or 10 years; if committed by a caretaker upon a dependent by use of force, violence, etc., 5, 8 or 10 years; if the victim is 14 or 15 years old and the person is at least 10 years older than the victim, punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 1, 2 or 3 years, or by imprisonment in country jail for not more than 1 year; if committed by a caretaker upon a dependent, punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 1, 2 or 3 years, or by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than 1 year.

  1. Prosecution for a felony offense described in subdivision (a) of Section 288 involving substantial sexual conduct as defined by in subdivision (b) of Section 1203.066, subdivision (b) of Section 288, may be commenced at any time for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2017, and for crimes for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2017, has not run as of January 1, 2017; or
  2. Prosecution for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2015, or for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2015, has not run as of January 1, 2015, and is alleged to have been committed when the victim was under 18 years of age, may be commenced any time prior to the victim’s 40th birthday; or
  3. Prosecution of an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison must be commenced within 3 years after commission of the offense; or
  4. Prosecution must bring a case against the perpetrator within 6 years after commission of the offense, if the offense is punishable by imprisonment for 8 years or more.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 288.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § SB 813, § 800, § 801 and § 801.1(a).
Oral copulation

This crime, if the victim is under 18 years of age, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison or in a county jail for not more than 1 year; if committed by a person over the age of 21 upon a person under 16 years of age, then such act is a felony; if the victim is under 14 and more than 10 years younger than the offender, punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 3, 6 or 8 years; if committed with use of force, violence, etc., 3, 6 or 8 years; if the victim is under 14 and the act is accomplished by means of force, violence, etc., 8, 10 or 12 years; if the victim is a minor over the age of 14 and the act is accomplished by means of force, violence, etc., 6, 8 or 10 years.

  1. Prosecution for a felony offense described in paragraph (2) or (3) of subdivision (c) of, or subdivision (d), (f), (g), (i), or (k) of, Section 288a may be commenced at any time for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2017, and for crimes for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2017, has not run as of January 1, 2017;
  2. Prosecution for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2015, or for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2015, has not run as of January 1, 2015, and is alleged to have been committed when the victim was under 18 years of age, may be commenced any time prior to the victim's 40th birthday;
  3. Prosecution of an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison must be commenced within 3 years after commission of the offense; or
  4. Prosecution must bring a case against the perpetrator within 6 years after commission of the offense, if offense punishable by imprisonment for 8 years or more.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 288a.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § SB 813, § 800, §801 and § 801.1(a).
Harmful matter sent with intent of seduction of minor

This crime is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in state prison or county jail for one year or a felony punished by imprisonment in state prison for 2, 4 or 5 years; if the matter sent does not include depictions of minors engaged in sexual conduct, punishment by imprisonment in state prison for 16 months, 2 or 3 years.

  1. Prosecution for an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison or pursuant to subdivision (h) of § 1170 shall be commenced within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 288.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § 801.
Contact of minor with intent to commit sexual offense

This crime is punishable by imprisonment in state prison for the length of time prescribed by the sexual offense statute that the perpetrator intended and attempted to commit. 

  1. The statute of limitations for this crime is analogous with the crime the perpetrator attempted to commit; unless the perpetrator has been found guilty of this crime before, in which case he or she shall be punished for five years imprisonment in addition to the number of years required for the crime he or she attempted to commit. If these additional five years result in a sentence longer than eight years, then prosecution shall be commenced within six years after commission of the offense. If the additional five years results in a sentence less than eight years long, then prosecution shall be commenced within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 288.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § 800 and §801.
Continuous sexual abuse of child

This crime (which requires three or more acts within a three month period of substantial sexual conduct with a child under 14) is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 6, 12 or 16 years.

  1. Prosecution for a felony offense described in Section 288.5 may be commenced at any time, for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2017, and for crimes for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2017, has not run as of January 1, 2017;
  2. Prosecution for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2015, or for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2015, has not run as of January 1, 2015, and is alleged to have been committed when the victim was under 18 years of age, may be commenced any time prior to the victim's 40th birthday.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 288.5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § SB 813 and § 801.1(a).
Sexual acts with child 10 or younger

This crime is a felony, and punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 15 or 25 years to life.

  1. Prosecution for an offense punishable by death or by imprisonment in the state prison for life may be prosecuted at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 288.7.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § 799.
Forcible acts of sexual penetration

This crime is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 3, 6 or 8 years; if the victim is under 14 years of age, 8, 10 or 12 years; or if the victim is a minor over the age of 14, then 6, 8 or 10 years.

  1. Prosecution for a felony offense described in subdivision (a), (b), (d), (e), or (g) of Section 289 may be commenced at any time, for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2017, and for crimes for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2017, has not run as of January 1, 2017;
  2. Prosecution for crimes that were committed on or after January 1, 2015, or for which the statute of limitations that was in effect prior to January 1, 2015, has not run as of January 1, 2015, and is alleged to have been committed when the victim was under 18 years of age, may be commenced any time prior to the victim’s 40th birthday; or
  3. Prosecution must bring a case against the perpetrator within 6 years after commission of the offense, if offense punishable by imprisonment for 8 years or more.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 289.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § SB 813, § 800 and § 801.1(a).
Intentionally transports a child under 16 years for the purpose of lewd or lascivious act

This crime is a felony punishable by imprisonment in state prison for 3, 6, or 8 years. 

  1. Prosecution for an offense punishable by imprisonment for eight years or more shall be commenced within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. Prosecution for an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison shall be commenced within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 266j.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § 800 and § 801.
Arranging a meeting with a minor for the purpose of exposing his or her genitals or having the child expose his or her genitals, or engage in lewd and lascivious behavior

This crime is punishable by imprisonment not to exceed one year, unless perpetrator goes to the meeting place, in which case this crime is punishable by imprisonment for 2, 3, or 4 years. 

  1. Prosecution for an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison shall be commenced within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Cal. Penal Code § 288.4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Cal. Penal Code § 801.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Colorado What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual assault

This crime is a:

  • Class 1 misdemeanor if, at the time of commission of the act, victim is at least fifteen years of age but less than seventeen years of age and actor is at least ten years older than victim and not the spouse of the victim; or
  • Class 3 felony if the victim is physically helpless and the perpetrator knows the victim is physically helpless and the victim has not consented; if perpetrator causes submission of victim through the actual application of physical force or physical violence; if perpetrator causes submission of victim by threat of imminent death, serious bodily injury, extreme pain, or kidnapping, to be inflicted on anyone, and victim believes that actor has the present ability to execute these threats; if perpetrator causes submission of victim by threatening to retaliate in the future against victim or any other person, and victim reasonably believes that actor will execute this threat; or if perpetrator has substantially impaired victim’s power to appraise or control victim’s conduct by employing, without victim’s consent, any drug, intoxicant, or other means for the purpose of causing submission; or
  • Class 2 felony if perpetrator is physically aided or abetted by one or more other persons; if victim suffers seriously bodily injury; or if perpetrator is armed with a deadly weapon or an article used or fashioned in a manner to cause a person to reasonably believe that the article is a deadly weapon, or represents verbally or otherwise that the actor is armed with a deadly weapon and uses the deadly weapon, article, or representation to cause submission of the victim; otherwise
  • Other than as described above, this crime is a Class 4 felony.

The statute of limitations depends on a number of circumstances.

  1. No limit for any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit a sex offense against a child (an unlawful sexual offense, as defined in § 18-3-411(1), that is a felony), which includes sexual assault against a child under 15; or
  2. If a felony and paragraph (1) above does not apply, within twenty years after commission of the offense; or
  3. If a felony and victim was under 18 at the time of the commission of the offense, within twenty years after such victim reaches the age of 18; or
  4. If a misdemeanor crime, within five years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Colo. rev. Stat. § 18-3-402.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Colo. rev. Stat. § 16-5-401(1)(a), § 16-5-401(8)(a), 16-5-401(8)(a.3), §18-3-411(2), and 16-5-401(8)(a.7).
Unlawful sexual contact

This crime is a Class 4 felony if (i) offender compels victim to submit by use of force, intimidation, or threat, (ii) offender engages in treatment or examination of a victim for other than bona fide medical purposes, or (iii) offender with or without sexual contact, induces or coerces a child to expose intimate parts or to engage in any sexual contact, intrusion or penetration with another person for the purpose of the actor’s own sexual gratification; otherwise, Class 1 misdemeanor.  For purposes of (iii) above, the term “child” means any person under the age of eighteen years. 

  1. No limit for any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit a sex offense against a child (an unlawful sexual offense, as defined in § 18-3-411(1), that is a felony), which includes unlawful sexual conduct against a child under 15; or 
  2. If a felony and paragraph (1) above does not apply, within ten years after commission of the offense; or
  3. If a felony and victim was under 18 at the time of the commission of the offense, within twenty years after such victim reaches the age of 18; or
  4. If a misdemeanor, within five years after the commission of the offense; or
  5. If a misdemeanor and committed against a child under 15, the period of time for which a person may be prosecuted is extended for an additional 3 years and 6 months.
  1. Citation for the crime: Colo. rev. Stat. § 18-3-404.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Colo. rev. Stat. § 16-5-401(1)(a), § 16-5-401(6), § 16-5-401(8)(a.3), § 16-5-401(9), and § 16-5-401(7).
Sexual assault on a child

This crime is a Class 3 felony if:

  • Actor applies force against victim in order to accomplish or facilitate sexual contact;
  • Actor, in order to accomplish or facilitate sexual contact, threatens imminent death, serious bodily injury, extreme pain, or kidnapping against victim or another person, and victim believes that the actor has the present ability to execute the threat;
  • Actor, in order to accomplish or facilitate sexual contact, threatens retaliation by causing in the future the death or serious bodily injury, extreme pain, or kidnapping against victim or another person, and victim believes that actor will execute the threat; or
  • Actor commits offense as part of a pattern of sexual abuse.

Otherwise, the crime is a Class 4 felony.

  1. No limit for any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit a sex offense against a child (an unlawful sexual offense, as defined in § 18-3-411(1), that is a felony), which includes sexual assault on a child.
  1. Citation for the crime: Colo. rev. Stat. § 18-3-405.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Colo. rev. Stat. § 16-5-401(1)(a).
Sexual assault on a child by one in a position of trust

This crime is a Class 3 felony if victim is under 15 or the offense is committed as part of a pattern of sexual abuse. This crime is a Class 4 felony if the victim is 15 or older but less than 18 and the offense is not committed as a pattern of sexual abuse.

  1. No limit for any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit a sex offense against a child (an unlawful sexual offense, as defined in § 18-3-411(1), that is a felony), which includes sexual assault on a child by one in a position of trust.
  1. Citation for the crime: Colo. rev. Stat. § 18-3-405.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Colo. rev. Stat. § 16-5-401(1)(a).
Internet sexual exploitation of a child

This crime is a Class 4 felony.

  1. No limit for any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit a sex offense against a child (an unlawful sexual offense, as defined in § 18-3-411(1), that is a felony), which includes internet sexual exploitation of a child.
  1. Citation for the crime: Colo. rev. Stat. § 18-3-405.4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Colo. rev. Stat. § 16-5-401(1)(a).
Sexual assault on a client by a psychotherapist

This crime is a Class 1 misdemeanor if it is sexual assault, which involves sexual contact. This crime is a Class 4 felony if it is aggravated sexual assault, which involves sexual penetration or sexual intrusion.

  1. If a felony, within three years after the commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within eighteen months.
  1. Citation for the crime: Colo. rev. Stat. § 18-3-405.5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Colo. rev. Stat. § 16-5-401(1)(a).
Incest

This crime is a Class 4 felony.

  1. Within three years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Colo. rev. Stat. § 18-6-301.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Colo. rev. Stat. § 16-5-401(1)(a).
Aggravated incest

This crime is a Class 3 felony.

  1. No limit for any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit a sex offense against a child (an unlawful sexual offense, as defined in § 18-3-411(1), that is a felony), which includes aggravated incest.
  1. Citation for the crime: Colo. rev. Stat. § 18-6-302.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Colo. rev. Stat. § 16-5-401(1)(a).
Sexual exploitation of a child

This crime is a Class 3 felony, but if it involves possession of sexually exploitative material, it is a Class 5 felony except if it involves a second or subsequent offense or possession is of video, video tape, or motion picture or more than 20 different items of sexually exploitative material, in which case it is a Class 4 felony.

  1. No limit for any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit a sex offense against a child (an unlawful sexual offense, as defined in § 18-3-411(1), that is a felony), which includes sexual exploitation of a child.
  1. Citation for the crime: Colo. rev. Stat. § 18-6-403.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Colo. rev. Stat. § 16-5-401(1)(a).
Procurement of a child for sexual exploitation

This crime is a Class 3 felony.

  1. No limit for any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit a sex offense against a child (an unlawful sexual offense, as defined in § 18-3-411(1), that is a felony), which includes procurement of a child for sexual exploitation.
  1. Citation for the crime: Colo. rev. Stat. § 18-6-404.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Colo. rev. Stat. § 16-5-401(1)(a).
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Connecticut What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual assault, first degree

This crime is a Class A felony if victim is under 16 and perpetrator uses force or threatens force, or if victim is under 13 and perpetrator is more than two years older than victim. Otherwise, this crime is a Class B felony.

  1. No statute of limitations for Class A felonies; or any other offense involving sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault if the victim of the offense was a minor at the time of the offense [if the offense occurred after Oct. 1, 2019];
  2. If Class B felony, within 20 years after the offense was committed [applies for offenses committed after Oct. 1, 2019]; or
  3. If vicitm was 18, 19 or 20 years of age then no later than 30 years after victim attains age 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-70.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-193(a); § 54-193(b), and § 54-193a.
Aggravated sexual assault, first degree

This crime is a Class A felony if victim is under 16. Otherwise, this crime is a Class B felony. 

  1. No statute of limitations for Class A felonies; or any other offense involving sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault if the victim of the offense was a minor at the time of the offense [if the offense occurred after Oct. 1, 2019];
  2. If Class B felony, within 20 years after the offense was committed [applies for offenses committed after Oct. 1, 2019]; or
  3. If victim was 18, 19 or 20 years of age then no later than 30 years after the victim attains age 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-70a,
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-193(a), § 54-193(b), and § 54-193a.
Sexual assault in the spousal or cohabiting relationship

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. Prosecution must bring a case within five years after commission of the offense; or
  2. Any other offense involving sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault if the victim of the offense was a minor at the time of the offense [if the offense occurred after Oct. 1, 2019] then prosecution may commence any time; or
  3. If victim was 18, 19 or 20 years of age then no later than 30 years after the victim attains age 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-70b.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-193(b) and § 54-193a.
Aggravated sexual assault of a minor

This crime is a Class A felony.

  1. No statute of limitations for Class A felonies; or any other offense involving sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault if the victim of the offense was a minor at the time of the offense [if the offense occurred after Oct. 1, 2019];
  1. Citation for the crime: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-70c.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-193(a).
Sexual assault, second degree

This crime is a Class B felony if the victim is under 16. Otherwise, this crime is a Class C felony.

  1. Prosecution must bring a case within five years after commission of the offense; or 
  2. Any other offense involving sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault if the victim of the offense was a minor at the time of the offense may commence at any time [applies to offenses that occurred after Oct. 1, 2019];
  3. If victim was 18, 19 or 20 years of age then no later than 30 years after the victim attains age 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-71.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-193(b) and § 54-193a.
Sexual assault, third degree

This crime is a Class C felony if victim is under 16. Otherwise, this crime is a Class D felony. 

  1. Prosecution must bring a case within twenty years after commission of the offense; or
  2. any other offense involving sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault if the victim of the offense was a minor at the time of the offense [applies to offenses that occurred after Oct. 1, 2019]
  3. If victim was 18, 19 or 20 years of age then no later than 30 years after the victim attains age 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-72a.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-193(b) and § 54-193a.
Sexual assault, third degree with a firearm

This crime is a Class B felony if victim is under 16. Otherwise, this crime is a Class C felony.

  1. Prosecution must bring a case within twenty years after commission of the offense; or 
  2. any other offense involving sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault if the victim of the offense was a minor at the time of the offense [applies if the offense occurred after Oct. 1, 2019]; or
  3. If victim was 18, 19 or 20 years of age then no later than 30 years after the victim attains age 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-72b.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-193(b) and § 54-193a.
Sexual assault, fourth degree

This crime is a Class D felony if victim is under 16. Otherwise, this crime is a Class A misdemeanor. 

  1. If a Class D felony, prosecution must bring a case within twenty years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a Class A misdemeanor, within ten year after commission of the offense; or
  3. any other offense involving sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault if the victim of the offense was a minor at the time of the offense [applies if the offense occurred after Oct. 1, 2019]; o
  4. If victim was 18, 19 or 20 years of age then no later than 30 years after the victim attains age 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-73a.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-193(b), § 54-193(c) and § 54-193a.
Incest

This crime is a Class D felony.

  1. Prosecution must bring a case within five years after commission of the offense; or
  2. any other offense involving sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault if the victim of the offense was a minor at the time of the offense [applies if the offense occurred after Oct. 1, 2019]; or
  3. If victim was 18, 19 or 20 years of age then no later than 30 years after the victim attains age 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-191.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-193(b) and § 54-193a.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Delaware What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Incest

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. For any Class A misdemeanor, within three years after commission of the offense; or 
  2. No statute of limitations for this crime if the prosecution is not based solely on the memory of the victim that has been recovered through psychotherapy without independent evidence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 766.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(2) and (e).
Unlawful sexual contact, third degree

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. For any Class A misdemeanor, within three years after commission of the offense; or 
  2. No statute of limitations for this crime if the prosecution is not based solely on the memory of the victim that has been recovered through psychotherapy without independent evidence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 767.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(2) and (e).
Unlawful sexual contact, second degree

This crime is a Class F felony.

  1. For any felony other than murder, within five years after commission of the offense; or 
  2. No statute of limitations for this crime if the prosecution is not based solely on the memory of the victim that has been recovered through psychotherapy without independent evidence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 768.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1) and (e).
Unlawful sexual contact, first degree

This crime is a Class D felony.

  1. For any felony other than murder, within five years after commission of the offense; or
  2. No statute of limitations for this crime if the prosecution is not based solely on the memory of the victim that has been recovered through psychotherapy without independent evidence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 769
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1) and (e).
Rape, fourth degree

This crime is a Class C felony.

  1. For any felony other than murder, within five years after commission of the offense; or 
  2. No statute of limitations for this crime if the prosecution is not based solely on the memory of the victim that has been recovered through psychotherapy without independent evidence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 770
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1) and (e).
Rape, third degree

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. For any felony other than murder, within five years after commission of the offense; or 
  2. No statute of limitations for this crime if the prosecution is not based solely on the memory of the victim that has been recovered through psychotherapy without independent evidence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 771
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1) and (e).
Rape, second degree

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. For any felony other than murder, within five years after commission of the offense; or 
  2. No statute of limitations for this crime if the prosecution is not based solely on the memory of the victim that has been recovered through psychotherapy without independent evidence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 772
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1) and (e).
Rape, first degree

This crime is a Class A felony.

  1. No statute of limitations for Class A felonies or any attempt to commit Class A felonies.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 773.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(a).
Sexual extortion

This crime is a Class E felony.

  1. For any felony other than murder, within five years after commission of the offense; or 
  2. No statute of limitations for this crime if the prosecution is not based solely on the memory of the victim that has been recovered through psychotherapy without independent evidence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 774.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1) and (e).
Continuous sexual abuse of a child

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. For any felony other than murder, within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 776.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1) and (e).
Dangerous crime against a child under 14

This crime is a Class B felony. For a second offense, life in prison is a possibility.

  1. For any felony other than murder, within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code tit. 11, § 777.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1) and (e).
Unlawful sexual conduct against a child, by a sex offender

This crime is classified depending on the classification of the underlying crime which originally required the sex offender to register:

  • If the underlying crime was a misdemeanor, then this crime, unlawful sexual conduct against a child by a sex offender, is a Class G felony, unless child is less than 12 or is less than 18 and has a cognitive disability, then this crime is a Class C felony; or
  • If underlying crime was a Class C, D, E, F, or G felony, then this crime is one felony higher than the underlying offense, unless child is less than 12 or is less than 18 and has a cognitive disability, then this crime is a Class B felony; or
  • If the underlying crime was a Class A or B felony, then same felony grade with doubled minimum sentence of imprisonment.

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime, explained above.

  1. No statute of limitations for Class A felonies or any attempt to commit Class A felonies; or
  2. For other felonies, within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 777a.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1).
Sexual abuse of a child by a person in a position of trust, authority or supervision in the first degree

This crime is classified depending upon the age of the victim.

  1. If victim is less than 16 years of age and sexual intercourse, then Class A felony; or
  2. If victim is less than 16 years of age and sexual penetration, then Class B felony; or
  3. If victim is between 16 and 18 years of age and perpetrator is at least four years older than the child, then Class B felony; or
  4. If victim is between 16 and 18 years of age, then Class C felony; or
  5. If sexual extortion of a victim less than 16 years of age, then Class D felony.

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime, explained above.

  1. No statute of limitations for Class A felonies or any attempt to commit Class A felonies; or
  2. For other felonies, within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 778.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1).
Sexual abuse of a child by a person in a position of trust, authority or supervision in the second degree

This crime is classified depending upon the age of the victim.

  1. If sexual contact with victim less than 16 years of age or forces victim less than 16 years of age to have sexual contact with a third person, then Class D felony; or
  2. If perpetrator is at least 4 years older than victim under the age of 16 and exposes his or her private areas, then Class F felony; or
  3. If perpetrator is at least 4 years older than victim under the age of 16 and attempts to induce victim to engage in sexual contact or sexual intercourse, then Class G felony.

The statute of limitations for this crime (as for other non-Class A felonies) is within five years after commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 778a.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 205(b)(1).
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






District of Columbia What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Incest
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-1901.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(U). 
Sexual abuse, first degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
    1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3002.
    Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(G).
Sexual abuse, second degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3003.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(H).
Sexual abuse, third degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3004.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(I).
Sexual abuse, fourth degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3005.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(J).
Misdemeanor sexual abuse
  1. Prosecution must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3006.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(5).
Child sexual abuse, first degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3008.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(K).
Child sexual abuse, second degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3009.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(L).
Sexual abuse of a minor, first degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3009.01.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(M).
Sexual abuse of a minor, second degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3009.02.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(N).
Misdemeanor sexual abuse of a child or minor
  1. Prosecution must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3010.01.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(5).
Sexual abuse of a ward, patient, client, or prisoner, first degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3013.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(Q).
Sexual abuse of a ward, patient, client, or prisoner, second degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3014.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(R).
Sexual abuse of a patient or client, first degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3015.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(S).
Sexual abuse of a patient or client, second degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3016.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(T).
Abducting or enticing a child from the home for purposes of prostitution
  1. Prosecution must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense.
  2. This time does not begin to run until victim reaches 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-2704.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(3)(K) and (d)(2)(G).
Pandering, or inducing, or compelling individual to engage in prostitution
  1. Prosecution must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense.
  2. This time does not begin to run until victim reaches 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-2705.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(3)(L) and (d)(2)(H).
Compelling an individual to live a life of prostitution against their will
  1. Prosecution must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense.
  2. If the victim was a minor at the time of the offense, this time does not begin to run until victim reaches 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-2706.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(3)(M) and (d)(2)(I).
Enticing a child for the purpose of committing felony sexual abuse
  1. Prosecution must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense.
  2. This time does not begin to run until victim reaches 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3010.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(3)(C) and (d)(2)(C).
Sexual abuse of a secondary education student, first degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3009.03.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(O).
Sexual abuse of a secondary education student, second degree
  1. Prosecution may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3009.04.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(P).    
Causing spouse or domestic partner to live in prostitution
  1. Prosecution must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-2708.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(N).    
Arranging for sexual contact with a real or fictitious child
  1. Prosecution must commence within six years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-3010.02.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(4).   
Trafficking in labor or commercial sex acts
  1. Prosecution must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense.
  2. If the victim was a minor at the time of the offense, this time does not begin to run until the victim reaches 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-1833.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(3)(J) and (d)(2)(J).    
Sex trafficking of children
  1. Prosecution must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense.
  2. If the victim was a minor at the time of the offense, this time does not begin to run until the victim reaches 21.
  1. Citation for the crime: D.C. Code § 22-1834.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: D.C. Code § 23-113(a)(3)(J) and (d)(2)(J).      
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Using a minor in a sexual performance or promoting sexual performance by a minor
  1. Prosecution must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense.
  2. This time does not begin to run until the victim reaches 21.
  1. Citation for the crime:  D.C. Code § 22-22-3102.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations:  D.C. Code §§ 23-113(a)(3)(H), (d)(2)(D).    






Florida What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual battery

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon how the crime is classified. A classification of this crime depends upon circumstances and facts, as outlined below.  The limitation for each classification of the crime follows the outline below.

  • Capital felony if offender is at least 18 and commits sexual battery upon, or in an attempt to commit sexual battery injures the sexual organs of, victim under 12;
  • Life felony if offender under 18 commits sexual battery upon, or in an attempt to commit sexual battery injures the sexual organs of, victim under 12;
  • Life felony if offender commits sexual battery upon a victim at least 12, without that person’s consent, and in the process thereof uses or threatens to use a deadly weapon or uses actual physical force likely to cause serious personal injury;
  • Felony of the first degree if offender commits sexual battery upon a victim, at least 12, without the victim’s consent, under any of the following circumstances:
    • Victim is physically helpless to resist;
    • Offender coerces submission by threatening to use force or violence likely to cause serious personal injury on the victim, and the victim reasonably believes that the offender has the present ability to execute the threat;
    • Offender coerces submission by threatening to retaliate against the victim or a third person, and the victim reasonably believes that the offender has the present ability to execute the threat in the future;
    • Offender, without the prior knowledge or consent of the victim, administers or has knowledge of someone else administering to the victim any narcotic, anesthetic, or other intoxicating substance which mentally or physically incapacitates victim;
    • Victim is mentally defective and offender knows or has reason to know;
    • Victim is physically incapacitated; or
    • Offender is a law enforcement officer, correctional officer, correctional probation officer, or other person in a position of control or authority in a controlled setting and such person is acting in a manner as to lead the victim to reasonably believe that the offender is in a position of control authority as an agent or employee of government.
  • Felony of the first degree if offender 18 or older commits sexual battery upon a person 12 years of age or older, but younger than 18, without that person’s consent, without using physical force and violence likely to cause serious personal injury;
  • Felony of the second degree if offender 18 or older commits sexual battery upon a person 18 or older without that person’s consent, without using physical force and violence likely to cause serious personal injury;
  • Felony of the second degree if offender younger than 18 commits sexual battery upon a person 12 years of age or older, without that person’s consent, without using physical force and violence likely to cause serious personal injury; or
  • See statute (Fla. Stat. § 794.011) for other classifications of sexual battery and aggravating factors that may increase the nature of the crime and the statute of limitations in certain circumstances. 

The statute of limitations for this offense is as follows:

  1. For a capital felony, life felony, or a felony that resulted in death, there is no time limitation;
  2. For a felony of the first degree, prosecution must commence within four years after commission of the offense;
  3. For any other felony, prosecution must commence within three years after commission of the offense;
  4. There is no limitations period for any sexual battery violation committed against a victim under 16 at the time of the act.
  5. There is no limitations period for any first degree sexual battery offense committed against a victim under 18;
  6. There is no limitations period if the offense is a first or second degree felony committed against a victim 16 or older, and the offense is reported within 72 hours after its commission;
  7. If the victim was under 18 at the time the offense was committed, the time does not begin to run until the earlier of the victim reaching 18 or the offense being reported to law enforcement, however, there is no limitations period for a first or second degree sexual battery felony on a victim under 18 if the crime is reported within 72 hours after it was committed.
  1. Citation for the crime: Fla. Stat. § 794.011.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Fla. Stat. §§ 95.11(9), 775.15.
Sexual battery by multiple perpetrators

This crime is classified as follows:

  1. A sexual battery that would be a felony of the second degree becomes a felony of the first degree if there were multiple perpetrators; or
  2. A sexual battery that would be a felony of the first degree becomes a life felony if there were multiple perpetrators.

Please see “Sexual battery” above for a description of the statute of limitations for this crime. 

  1. Citation for the crime: Fla. Stat. § 794.023.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Fla. Stat. § 775.15
Unlawful sexual activity with certain minors

This crime is a second degree felony.

  1. Prosecution must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Fla. Stat. § 794.05.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Fla. Stat. § 775.15(2)(b).
Lewd or lascivious offenses committed on or in the presence of persons under 16

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon how the crime is classified. A classification of this crime depends upon circumstances and facts, as outlined below.

  1. Felony of the second degree if offender engages in sexual activity with a victim at least 12 but under 16, or encourages, forces, or entices a victim under 16 to engage in sadomasochistic abuse, sexual bestiality, prostitution, or any other sexual activity as defined by law; or
  2. Life felony if offender at least 18 intentionally touches in a lewd or lascivious manner the breasts, genitals, genital area, or buttocks, or the clothing over them, of a victim under 12; or
  3. Felony of the second degree if offender is under 18 and intentionally touches in a lewd or lascivious manner the breasts, genitals, genital area, or buttocks, or the clothing over them, of a victim under 12, or if offender is at least 18 and victim is at least 12 but under 16; or
  4. Felony of the third degree if offender is under 18 and intentionally touches in a lewd or lascivious manner the breasts, genitals, genital area, or buttocks, or the clothing over them, of a victim at least 12 but under 16; or
  5. Felony of the second degree if offender 18 or older intentionally touches a person under 16 in a lewd or lascivious manner or solicits a person under 16 to commit a lewd or lascivious act; or
  6. Felony of the third degree if offender less than 18 intentionally touches a person under 16 in a lewd or lascivious manner or solicits a person under 16 to commit a lewd or lascivious act.
  7. Life felony if offender was previously convicted of this section or sexual battery of a child, sexual battery under Chapter 794, or transmission of child pornography.

The statute of limitations for this offense is as follows:

  1. No limitation for capital felony, life felony, or a felony that resulted in death;
  2. For first, second, or third degree felony offenses, the time limitation is three years after commission of the offense; however if the victim was under 18 at the time the offense was committed, the time does not begin to run until victim has reached 18 or the offense is reported to law enforcement, whichever occurs first.
  3. Lewd or Lascivious Battery or Molestation under Fla. Stat. § 800.04(4) or (5), if committed against a victim under 16, may have prosecution commence at any time, unless the offender was under 18 and no more than one year older than the victim.
  1. Citation for the crime: Fla. Stat. § 800.04.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Fla. Stat. § 775.15.
Lewd or lascivious offenses committed on or in the presence of an elderly person or disabled person

This crime is a felony of the second degree.

  1. Prosecution must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Fla. Stat. § 825.1025.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Fla. Stat. § 775.15(2)(b).
Incest

This crime is a felony of the third degree. 

  1. Prosecution must commence within three years after commission of the offense; but
  2. If the victim was under 18 at the time the offense was committed, the time does not begin to run until victim has reached 18 or the offense is reported to law enforcement, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Fla. Stat. § 826.04.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Fla. Stat. § 775.15(2)(b) and (13)(a).
Computer pornography/traveling to meet minors

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon how the crime is classified. A classification of this crime depends upon circumstances and facts, as outlined below.

  1. Felony of the third degree if person uses a device capable of electronic data storage or transmission to seduce, solicit, lure, or entice a person believed to be a child to engage in unlawful sexual conduct, or attempt to gain consent from a guardian of a child for the child to engage in such conduct;
  2. Felony of the second degree if person misrepresents his or her age; or
  3. Felony of the second degree if person travels any distance to attempt to engage in unlawful sexual conduct with a person believed to be a child after using a device capable of electronic data storage or transmission to seduce, solicit, lure, or entice a person believed to be a child to engage in unlawful sexual conduct, or attempt to gain consent from a guardian of a child for the child to engage in such conduct.

The statute of limitations for this offense is as follows:

  1. Prosecution must bring a case within three years after commission of the offense; and
  2. For certain computer actions prohibited by Fla. Stat. § 847.1035(5), if the victim was under 18 at the time the offense was committed, the time does not begin to run until victim has reached 18 or the offense is reported to law enforcement, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Fla. Stat. § 847.0135.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Fla. Stat. § 775.15(2)(b) and (13)(a).
Human trafficking

There is no time limitation for this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Fla. Stat. § 787.06.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Fla. Stat. § 775.15(19).
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Georgia What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape

The statute of limitations for this offense is as follows:

  1. When the rape is forcible, prosecution must be commenced within 15 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the rape is not forcible, then prosecution must be commenced within seven years of the offense; or
  3. If the victim is under 16 on the date of commission of the offense and the offense was committed on or after July 1, 1992 but before June 30, 2012, then the period does not run until the victim reaches the age of 16 or the violation is reported to law enforcement; or
  4. If the victim is under 16 on the date of the commission of the offense, then prosecution may be commenced at any time for offenses occurring on or after July 1, 2012.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ga. Code § 16-6-1
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ga. Code § 17-3-1 and Ga. Code § 17-3-2.1.
Sodomy, aggravated sodomy
  1. Ga. Code Ann.  § 16-6-2 has been recognized as unconstitutional.  Doe v. Hood, 345 F. Supp. 3d 749 (S.D. Miss. 2018).
  1. Citation for the crime: Ga. Code § 16-6-2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ga. Code Ann.  § 16-6-2 has been recognized as unconstitutional.  Doe v. Hood, 345 F. Supp. 3d 749 (S.D. Miss. 2018).
Statutory rape (victim under age of 16 not a spouse of the offender)
  1. Prosecution must commence within seven years after the commission of the crime; or
  2. If the victim is at least 14 but less than 16, and the offender is 18 or younger and no more than 4 years older than the victim, then prosecution must commence within two years after commission of the crime; or
  3. If the offense was committed on or after July 1, 1992 but before June 30, 2012, then the period does not run until the victim reaches the age of 16 or the violation is reported to law enforcement.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ga. Code § 16-6-3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ga. Code § 17-3-1 and Ga. Code § 17-3-2.1.
Child molestation, aggravated child molestation

Child molestation:

  1. Prosecution must commence within seven years of the crime; or
  2. If the victim is at least 14 but less than 16, and the offender is 18 or younger and within four years of the victim, then prosecution must commence within two years of the crime.

Aggravated child molestation:

  1. Prosecution must commence within seven years of the crime; or
  2. If the victim is between 14 and 16, the offender is 18 or younger and within four years of the victim, and the basis of the charge of aggravated child molestation is that the act involved sodomy, then the prosecution must commence within two years.

For both child molestation and aggravated child molestation: 

  1. If the offense was committed on or after July 1, 1992 but before June 30, 2012, then the period does not run until the victim reaches the age of 16 or the violation is reported to law enforcement; or
  2. Prosecution may be commenced at any time for offenses occurring on or after July 1, 2012.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ga. Code § 16-6-4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ga. Code §§ 17-3-1, 17-3-2.1.
Incest
  1. Prosecution must commence within four years after commission of the crime; or
  2. Prosecution must commence within seven years of the crime, if the victim is under 18; or
  3. If the victim is under 16 on the date of commission of the offense and the offense was committed on or after July 1, 1992 but before June 30, 2012, then the period does not run until the victim reaches the age of 16 or the violation is reported to law enforcement; or
  4. If the victim is under 16 on the date of the commission of the offense, then prosecution may be commenced at any time for offenses occurring on or after July 1, 2012.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ga. Code § 16-6-22
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ga. Code §§ 17-3-1, 17-3-2.1.
Sexual battery

The statute of limitations for this crime is as follows:

  1. For sexual battery on persons over 16, prosecution must commence within two years after commission of the crime if it is the offender’s first offense; or
  2. For sexual battery on persons over 16, prosecution must commence within four years of the crime, if the offender has a prior conviction for sexual battery; or
  3. For sexual battery committed against victims who are under 16 at the time the offense is committed, prosecution must commence within seven years after commission of the crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ga. Code § 16-6-22.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ga. Code § 17-3-1.
Aggravated sexual battery
  1. Prosecution must commence within seven years after the commission of the crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ga. Code § 16-6-22.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ga. Code § 17-3-1.
Trafficking a person for labor or sexual servitude

The statute of limitations for this offense is as follows: 

  1. Prosecution must commence within four years of the commission of the crime; or
  2. If the victim is under 18 or has a developmental disability, then prosecution must commence within seven years of the crime; or
  3. If the victim is under 16 on the date of the commission of the offense, and the offense occurred on or after July 1, 2012, then prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ga. Code § 16-5-46.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ga. Code §§ 17-3-1, 17-3-2.1.
Enticing a child for indecent purposes

The statute of limitations for this crime is as follows:

  1. Prosecution must commence within seven years after the commission of the crime; or
  2. If the victim is at least 14 but less than 16, and the offender is 18 or younger and no more than four years older than the victim, prosecution must commence within two years of the crime; or
  3. If the victim is under 16 on the date of commission of the offense and the offense was committed on or after July 1, 1992 but before June 30, 2012, then the period does not run until the victim reaches the age of 16 or the violation is reported to law enforcement; or
  4. If the victim is under 16 on the date of the commission of the offense, then prosecution may be commenced at any time for offenses occurring on or after July 1, 2012 (unless the offender is no more than 18 years old, is no more than four years older than the victim, and the victim is at least 14 years old).
  1. Citation for the crime: Ga. Code § 16-6-5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ga. Code §§ 17-3-1, 17-3-2.1.
Sexual Assault (by persons with supervisory or disciplinary authority)

The statute of limitations for this crime is as follows:

  1. Prosecution for sexual assault must commence within four years after the offense; or
  2. For sexual assault committed against victims who are under 18 at the time the offense is committed, prosecution must commence within seven years after commission of the crime; or
  3. If the victim is at least 14 and less than 16, and the offender is 18 or younger and no more than four years older than the victim, then prosecution must commence within two years of the crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ga. Code § 16-6-5.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ga. Code § 17-3-1.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Guam What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
First Degree Criminal Sexual Conduct
  1. There is no limitations period for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: 9 Guam Code Ann. § 25.15
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.17
Second Degree Criminal Sexual Conduct
  1. There is no limitations period for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: 9 Guam Code Ann. § 25.20
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.17
Third Degree Criminal Sexual Conduct

Criminal sexual conduct in the third degree is a felony of the second degree.

  1. If the offense was committed while the victim was under the age of majority, and the victim had exceeded the age of majority plus three (3) years by March 9, 2011, the suit may be barred.
  2. If the above does not apply, and the victim is or was under the age of majority at the time the offense was committed, or the victim’s mental comprehension and capacity was below the age of adolescence at the time the offense was committed, there is no limitation on when a prosecution for third degree criminal sexual conduct may be commenced.
  3. If the victim was not under the age of majority, or the victim’s mental comprehension and capacity was not below the age of adolescence at the time the offense was committed, then a prosecution must be commenced within three (3) years after the offense was committed. 
  1. Citation for the crime: 9 Guam Code Ann. § 25.25
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 8 Guam Code Ann. §§ 10.15, 10.16, 10.20
Fourth Degree Criminal Sexual Conduct

Criminal sexual conduct in the fourth degree is a misdemeanor for first time offenders, and is otherwise a felony of the third degree.

  1. If the offense was committed while the victim was under the age of majority, and the victim had exceeded the age of majority plus three (3) years by March 9, 2011, the suit may be barred.
  2. If the above does not apply, and the victim is or was under the age of majority at the time the offense was committed, or the victim’s mental comprehension and capacity was below the age of adolescence at the time the offense was committed, there is no limitation on when a prosecution for fourth degree criminal sexual conduct may be commenced.
  3. If the victim was not under the age of majority, or the victim’s mental comprehension and capacity was not below the age of adolescence at the time the offense was committed, then a prosecution must be commenced within three (3) years after the offense was committed.
  4. If a misdemeanor, prosecution must be commenced within one (1) year after the offense was committed. 
  1. Citation for the crime: 9 Guam Code Ann. § 25.30
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 8 Guam Code Ann.  §§ 10.15, 10.16,10.20, 10.30
Assault with Intent to Commit Criminal Sexual Conduct

Assault with intent to commit criminal sexual conduct involving penetration is a felony of the third degree.

  1. If the offense was committed while the victim was under the age of majority, and the victim had exceeded the age of majority plus three (3) years by March 9, 2011, the suit may be barred.
  2. If the above does not apply, and the victim is or was under the age of majority or the victim’s mental comprehension and capacity was below the age of adolescence at the time the offense was committed, there is no limitation on when a prosecution may be commenced.
  3. If the victim was not under the age of majority, or the victim’s mental comprehension and capacity was not below the age of adolescence at the time the offense was committed, then a prosecution must be commenced within three (3) years after the offense was committed.
  1. Citation for the crime: 9 Guam Code Ann. § 25.35
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 8 Guam Code Ann. §§ 10.15, 10.16, 10.20
Indecent electronic display to a child

Indecent electronic display to a child is a third degree felony. 

  1. If the offense was committed while the victim was under the age of majority, and the victim had exceeded the age of majority plus three (3) years by March 9, 2011, the suit may be barred.
  2. If the above does not apply, and the victim is or was under the age of majority or the victim’s mental comprehension and capacity was below the age of adolescence at the time the offense was committed, there is no limitation on when a prosecution may be commenced.
  3. If the victim was not under the age of majority, or the victim’s mental comprehension and capacity was not below the age of adolescence at the time the offense was committed, then a prosecution must be commenced within three (3) years after the offense was committed.
  1. Citation for the crime: 9 Guam Code Ann. § 25A102
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 8 Guam Code Ann. §§ 10.15, 10.16, 10.20
Electronic enticement of a child

Depending on the applicable facts, electronic enticement of a child could be considered a first, second, or third degree felony.

  1. If the offense was committed while the victim was under the age of majority, and the victim had exceeded the age of majority plus three (3) years by March 9, 2011, the suit may be barred.
  2. If the above does not apply, and the victim is or was under the age of majority or the victim’s mental comprehension and capacity was below the age of adolescence at the time the offense was committed, there is no limitation on when a prosecution may be commenced.
  3. If the victim was not under the age of majority, or the victim’s mental comprehension and capacity was not below the age of adolescence at the time the offense was committed, then a prosecution must be commenced within three (3)  years after the offense was committed.
  1. Citation for the crime: 9 Guam Code Ann. §§ 25A103-25A105
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 8 Guam Code Ann. §§ 10.15, 10.16, 10.20
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
  • Pursuant to 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.50, the statute of limitations does not run during any time during which a criminal action against the defendant for the same conduct is pending in the territory of Guam, even if the accusatory pleading is later set aside, the action is later dismissed, or the conviction is later reversed upon appeal or set aside as a result of a post-conviction proceeding.
  • Pursuant to 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.40, a prosecution may be commenced against a public officer or employee or any person acting in complicity with such public officer or employee for any offense based on misconduct in office by such public officer or employee at any time while such public officer continues in public office or employment or within three years thereafter.

Anything else I should know?
Guam
  • Pursuant to 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.60, the offense is deemed committed either when every element occurs, or if a legislative purpose to prohibit a continuing course of conduct plainly appears, at the time when the course of conduct or the defendant’s complicity therein is terminated.  Time starts to run on the day after the offense is committed.
  • Pursuant to 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.70, a prosecution is commenced either when an indictment is presented in open court and there received and filed, or when a complaint is filed.
  • There is apparent contradiction between 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.15 and §10.16. In People v. Taitano, the Supreme Court of the Territory of Guam interpreted the statute of limitations for crimes occurring while the victim was a minor as follows:  For crimes committed prior to July 14, 2009, prosecution may commence up to three years after the victim has reached the age of consent (16), for crimes occurring on or after July 14, 2009, prosecution may commence up to three years after the victim has reached the age of majority (18).  People v. Taitano, 2015 Guam 33.
  • Pursuant to 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.17, there is no limit on first or second degree criminal sexual conduct, except for an offence the prosecution of which would have been barred by 8 Guam Code Ann. §§ 10.15 or 10.20 on or before May 24, 2011.
  • A prosecution for a violation of 9 Guam Code Ann. §§ 22, 25, 25.1, 28 and 30, or a violation of 9 Guam Code Ann. § 13 in combination with a violation of 9 Guam Code Ann. §§ 22, 25, 25.1, or 30, involving a person under the age of majority, may be commenced up to three (3) years after the minor reaches the age of majority. 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.15.
  • For more information about how a particular assault or crime applies to the laws of Guam, please consult an attorney.
  • Pursuant to 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.17, there is no limit on first or second degree criminal sexual conduct, except for an offence the prosecution of which would have been barred by 8 Guam Code Ann. §§ 10.15 or 10.20 on or before May 24, 2011.
  • A prosecution for a violation of 9 Guam Code Ann. §§ 22, 25, 25.1, 28 and 30, or a violation of 9 Guam Code Ann. § 13 in combination with a violation of 9 Guam Code Ann. §§ 22, 25, 25.1, or 30, involving a person under the age of majority, may be commenced up to three (3) years after the minor reaches the age of majority. 8 Guam Code Ann. § 10.15.
  • For more information about how a particular assault or crime applies to the laws of Guam, please consult an attorney.





Hawaii What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual assault, first degree

Sexual assault in the first degree is a class A felony.

  1. There is no limitations period for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 707-730
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 701-108(1)
Sexual assault, second degree

Sexual assault in the second degree is a class B felony.

  1. There is no limitations period for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 707-731
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 701-108(1)
Sexual assault, third degree

Sexual assault in the third degree is a class C felony.

  1. A case must be brought against the offender within three (3) years after the offense is committed, except where the victim was alive and under eighteen (18) years of age, in which case the three (3) year statute of limitation does not begin to run until the victim turns eighteen (18) years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 707-732
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 701-108(2)(d); 108(6)(c)
Sexual assault, fourth degree

Sexual assault in the fourth degree is a misdemeanor.

  1. A prosecution must be commenced within two (2) years after the offense is committed.
  1. Citation for the crime: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 707-733
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 701-108(2)(e)
Continuous sexual assault of a minor under the age of 14 years

Continuous sexual assault of a minor under the age of fourteen (14) years is a class A felony.

  1. There is no limitations period for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 707-733.6
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 701-108(1)
Indecent exposure

Indecent exposure is a petty misdemeanor.

  1. A prosecution must be commenced within one (1) year after the offense is committed.
  1. Citation for the crime: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 707-734
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 701-108(2)(f)
Incest

Incest is a class C felony.

  1. A prosecution must be commenced within three (3) years after the offense is committed, except where the victim was alive and under eighteen (18) years of age when the offense was committed, in which case the three (3) year statute of limitation does not begin to run until the victim turns eighteen (18) years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 707-741
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Haw. Rev. Stat. § 701-108(2)(d); 108(6)(c)
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Idaho What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual exploitation by a medical care provider

Sexual exploitation by a medical care provider is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of up to one thousand dollars ($1,000) and/or by imprisonment for up to one (1) year.

  1. A prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within two (2) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-919.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-406.
Sexual abuse and exploitation of a vulnerable adult

Note: “Vulnerable adult” means a person eighteen (18) years of age or older who is unable to protect himself or herself from abuse, neglect or exploitation due to physical or mental impairment which affects the person’s judgment or behavior to the extent that he or she lacks sufficient understanding or capacity to make or communicate or implement decisions regarding his or her person, funds, property or resources.

Sexual abuse of a vulnerable adult is a felony punishable by a fine of up to twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) and/or imprisonment for up to twenty-five (25) years.  Sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult is a felony punishable by a fine of up to twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) and/or imprisonment for up to fifteen (15) years.

  1. A prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-1505B.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-402.
Sexual abuse of a child under the age of sixteen (16) years

Sexual abuse of a child under the age of sixteen (16) years by a person aged eighteen (18) years or older is a felony punishable by imprisonment for up to twenty-five (25) years.

  1. There is no limitations period for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-1506(5).
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-401(4).
Ritualized abuse of a child (i.e., a person under the age of 18)
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-1506A.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-402.
Sexual exploitation of a child

Depending on the facts, sexual exploitation of a child is either a felony or a misdemeanor.

  1. If a felony, a prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  2. If a misdemeanor, a prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within one (1) year after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code §§ 18-1507, 18-1507A (Sexual Exploitation of a Child by Electronic Means).
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code §§ 19-402, 19-403.
Possession of sexually exploitative material for other than a commercial purpose

This crime was repealed effective as of July 1, 2012.

This crime was repealed as of July 1, 2012.

Lewd conduct with a minor child under sixteen (16)

Lewd conduct with a minor child under the age of sixteen (16) is a felony punishable by imprisonment for up to a term of life.

  1. There is no limitations period for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-1508.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-401.
Sexual battery of a minor child 16 or 17 years of age

Sexual battery of a minor child who is sixteen (16) or seventeen (17) years of age is a felony.

  1. A prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-1508A.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-402.
Enticing of children (i.e., a minor under the age of sixteen (16))

Enticing of children is a misdemeanor for a first offense punishable by imprisonment for up to six (6) months and/or a fine up to one thousand dollars ($1,000); and is a felony for second and subsequent offenses, punishable by imprisonment for up to five (5) years.

  1. For a misdemeanor, a prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within one (1) year of the commission of the offense.
  2. For a felony, a prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years of the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-1509.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code §§ 19-402, 19-403.
Enticing of children (i.e., a minor under the age of 16) using internet or other communication device

Enticing of children through use of the internet or other communications device is a felony punishable by imprisonment for a period of up to fifteen (15) years.

  1. A prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-1509A.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-402.
Rape (definition)
  1. This crime was repealed as of July 1, 2016.
Disseminating material harmful to minors

Disseminating material harmful to minors is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for up to one (1) year and/or by a fine of up to one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both such fine and jail sentence.

  1. A case must be brought against offender within one (1) year after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-1515.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-403.
Sexual contact with a prisoner or juvenile offender

Sexual contact with a prisoner is a felony punishable by imprisonment for a term of up to life.

  1. A prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-6110.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-402.
Incest

Incest is a felony punishable by imprisonment for a term of up to life.

  1. A prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-6602; 18-111.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-402.
Forcible sexual penetration by use of foreign object

Forcible sexual penetration by use of a foreign object is a felony punishable by imprisonment for a term of up to life.

  1. Prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-6608.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-402.
Crime of video voyeurism

Video voyeurism is a felony.

  1. Prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-6609.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-402.
Transfer of bodily fluid which may contain the HIV virus

Transfer of bodily fluid which may contain the HIV virus is a felony punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for a period of up to fifteen (15) years and/or a fine of up to five thousand dollars ($5,000).

  1. Prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 39-608.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-402.
Rape (definition)
  1. For rape as defined in Idaho Code § 18-6101(1)-(2), prosecution must be commenced by the filing of the complaint or the finding of an indictment within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  2. For rape as defined in Idaho Code § 18-6101(3)-(10), there is no limitations period.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-6101.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code §§ 19-401; 19-402.
Male rape (definition)
  1. This crime was repealed as of July 1, 2016.
  1. This crime was repealed as of July 1, 2016.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Female Genital Mutilation of a child (i.e., a person under the age of 18)

 Female Genital mutilation of a child is a felony punishable by imprisonment for up to a term of life.

  1.  A prosecution must be commenced within three (3) years after the date of initial disclosure of the offense by the victim to law enforcement.
  1. Citation for the crime: Idaho Code § 18-1506B.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Idaho Code § 19-402.






Illinois What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Criminal sexual assault

Depending upon the applicable facts, criminal sexual assault is a Class One (1) or a Class X felony.

  1. A prosecution for this offense may be commenced at any time. 
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-1.20.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5; 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. §§ 5/3-6(e), (i), (j).
Aggravated criminal sexual assault

Aggravated criminal sexual assault is a Class X felony.

  1. A prosecution for this offense may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-1.30.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5; 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. §§ 5/3-6(e), (i), (j).
Predatory criminal sexual assault of a child (i.e., victim under the age of thirteen (13))

Predatory criminal sexual assault of a child is a Class X felony.

  1. A prosecution for this offense may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-1.40.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5; 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-6(e), (i), (j).
Criminal sexual abuse

The classification of criminal sexual abuse depends on the following:

  • Class A Misdemeanor: If (a) the offender is under seventeen (17) years of age and the victim is at least nine (9) years old and under seventeen (17); or (b) the victim is at least thirteen (13) years of age but less than seventeen (17) years of age, and the offender is less than five (5) years older than the victim.
  • If the above circumstances do not apply, the first offense is a Class Four (4) felony.  A second or subsequent violation is a Class Two (2) felony.

The applicable statute of limitations depends upon the classification of the crime, pursuant to the guidelines outlined above. 

Misdemeanor:

  1. If the victim was under the age of eighteen (18) at the time of the offense, a prosecution may be commenced within ten (10) years after the child victim attains eighteen (18) years of age.
  2. If nothing else set forth here applies, a prosecution must be commenced within eighteen (18) months of the commission of the offense.

 

Felony:

  1. If the victim is under 18 years of age at the time of the offense, a prosecution for felony criminal sexual abuse may be commenced at any time.
  2. If the victim is under 18 years of age at the time of the offense, a prosecution for failure of a person who is required to report an alleged or suspected commission of felony criminal sexual abuse under the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act may be commenced within 20 years after the child victim attains 18 years of age.
  3. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to shorten a period within which a prosecution must be commenced under any other provision of this Section.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-1.50
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. §§ 5/3-5; 5/3-6
Aggravated criminal sexual abuse

Aggravated criminal sexual abuse is a Class Two (2) felony.

  1. A prosecution for this offense may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-1.60
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5; 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-6 (e), (i), (j)
Indecent solicitation of a child (i.e., a person under seventeen (17))

Indecent solicitation of a child is classified as follows:

  • Class One (1) felony when the act, if done, would be predatory criminal sexual assault of a child or aggravated criminal sexual assault;
  • Class Two (2) felony when the act, if done, would be criminal sexual assault;
  • Class Three (3) felony when the act, if done, would be aggravated criminal sexual abuse; or
  • Class Four (4) felony if the offender discusses an act of sexual conduct or sexual penetration with a child or person whom the offender believes is a child by means of the internet, with the intent that the offense of aggravated criminal sexual assault, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child, or aggravated criminal sexual abuse be committed.

The statute of limitations depends upon the classification of the crime, detailed above. 

  1. A prosecution for indecent solicitation of a child may be commenced within one year of the victim attaining the age of 18 years. However, in no such case shall the time period for prosecution expire sooner than 3 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-6.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5; 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-6(d).
Indecent solicitation of an adult

Indecent solicitation of an adult is classified as follows:

  • Class X felony if the offender arranges for a person age seventeen (17) or over to commit an act of sexual penetration with a person under the age of thirteen (13);
  • Class One (1) felony if the offender arranges for a person age seventeen (17) or over to commit an act of sexual penetration with a person thirteen (13) years of age or older but under the age of seventeen (17);
  • Class Two (2) felony if the offender arranges for a person aged seventeen (17) or over to commit an act of sexual conduct with a person under the age of thirteen (13); or
  • Class A misdemeanor if the offender arranges for a person aged seventeen (17) or over to commit an act of sexual conduct with a person aged thirteen (13) years or older but under the age of seventeen (17).

The statute of limitations depends upon the classification of the crime, detailed above. 

  1. If a felony, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within eighteen (18) months after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-6.5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5.
Solicitation to meet a child (i.e., person under the age of seventeen (17))

Solicitation to meet a child is a Class Four (4) felony if the offender believes he or she is five (5) or more years older than the child. Otherwise, this crime is a Class A misdemeanor. 

  1. If a felony, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, legal proceedings must commence within one year and 6 months (18 months) after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-6.6.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5.
Sexual exploitation of a child

Sexual exploitation of a child is a Class Four (4) felony if the offender has been previously convicted of a sex offense, the victim was under the age of thirteen (13) at the time of the offense, or the violation is committed on or within five hundred (500) feet of elementary or secondary school grounds while children are present.  Otherwise, this crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. If a felony, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after commission of the offense; or
  2. A prosecution for sexual exploitation of a child may be commenced within one (1) year of the victim attaining the age of eighteen (18) years. However, in no case shall the time period for prosecution expire sooner than three (3) years after the commission of the offense.
  3. If a misdemeanor, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within eighteen (18) months after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-9.1
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5 and 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-6(d)
Permitting sexual abuse of a child

Permitting sexual abuse of a child is a Class One (1) felony.

  1. For all felonies, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-9.1A
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5
Custodial sexual misconduct

Custodial sexual misconduct is a Class Three (3) felony.

  1. A prosecution for any offense involving sexual conduct[1] or sexual penetration[2] may be commenced at any time.
  2. If the offender held a professional or fiduciary relationship or a purported professional or fiduciary relationship with the victim at the time of the commission of the offense, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the discovery of the offense by the victim.

 If neither of the above applies, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after the commission of the offense.

 

[1]  “Sexual conduct” is defined as “any knowing touching or fondling by the victim or the accused, either directly or through clothing, of the sex organs, anus, or breast of the victim or the accused, or any part of the body of a child under 13 years of age, or any transfer or transmission of semen by the accused upon any part of the clothed or unclothed body of the victim, for the purpose of sexual gratification or arousal of the victim or the accused.”  720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-0.1.             

 

[2]  “Sexual penetration” is defined as “any contact, however slight, between the sex organ or anus of one person and an object or the sex organ, mouth, or anus of another person, or any intrusion, however slight, of any part of the body of one person or of any animal or object into the sex organ or anus of another person, including, but not limited to, cunnilingus, fellatio, or anal penetration.  Evidence of emission of semen is not required to prove sexual penetration.” 

  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-9.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. §§ 5/3-5; 5/3-6.
Sexual misconduct with a person with a disability

Sexual misconduct with a person with a disability is a Class Three (3) felony.

  1. A prosecution for any offense involving sexual conduct or sexual penetration may be commenced at any time.
  2. If the offender held a professional or fiduciary relationship or a purported professional or fiduciary relationship with the victim at the time of the commission of the offense, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the discovery of the offense by the victim.
  3. If neither of the above applies, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-9.5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. §§ 5/3-5; 5/3-6.
Sexual relations within families

Sexual relations within families is a Class Three (3) felony.

  1. A prosecution for any offense involving sexual conduct or sexual penetration may be commenced at any time.
  2. If the offender held a professional or fiduciary relationship or a purported professional or fiduciary relationship with the victim at the time of the commission of the offense, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the discovery of the offense by the victim.
  3. If neither of the above applies, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-11.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. §§ 5/3-5; 5/3-6.
Grooming

Grooming is a Class Four (4) felony.

  1. For all felonies, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-25.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5.
Criminal transmission of HIV

Criminal transmission of HIV is a Class Two (2) felony.

  1. Legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-5.01.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5.
Traveling to meet a minor (or luring for the purposes of engaging in any sex offense)

This crime is a Class Three (3) felony.

  1. Legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-26.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Indiana What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Promotion of human sexual trafficking; promotion of child sexual trafficking; promotion of sexual trafficking of a younger child; child sexual traffic; human trafficking
  1. Promotion of human sexual trafficking:  Level Four (4) felony if the offender knowingly or intentionally uses force, threat of force, coercion, or fraud to recruit, entice, harbor, or transport an individual with the intent of causing the individual to (i) marry another person; (ii) engage in prostitution; or (iii) participate in sexual conduct;
  2. Promotion of child sexual trafficking;  Level (3) felony if the offender, knowingly or intentionally recruits, entices, harbors, or transports a child less than eighteen (18) years of age with the intent of causing the child to engage in: (i) prostitution or juvenile prostitution; or (ii) a performance or incident that includes sexual conduct in violation of IC 35-42-4-4(b) or IC 35-42-4-4(c) (child exploitation)
  3. Promotion of sexual trafficking of a younger child: Level Three (3) felony if the offender knowingly or intentionally recruits, entices, harbors, or transports a child less than sixteen (16) years of age with the intent of inducing or causing the child to participate in sexual conduct.
  4. Human trafficking: Level Five (5) felony if the offender knowingly or intentionally pays to, offers to pay to, agrees to pay money or other property to, or benefits in some other manner another person for a human trafficking victim or an act performed by a human trafficking victim.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime’s classification, detailed above. 

  1. For a Level Three (3), four (4), or five (5) felony:
  • If the victim was an adult at the time of the commission of the offense, a prosecution for an offense is barred unless it is commenced within five (5) years after the commission of the offense.
  • If the victim was a child at the time of the offense, prosecution is barred unless commenced within ten (10) years after the commission of the offense, or within four (4) years after the person ceases to be a dependent of the person alleged to have committed the offense, whichever occurs later.
  • In either case, if such a felony would otherwise be barred under the foregoing guidelines, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.

1. Citation for the crime:

  • Promotion of Human Sexual Trafficking: Ind. Code § 35-42-3.5-1.1;
  • Promotion of Child Sexual Trafficking; promotion of sexual trafficking on a younger child: Ind. Code § 35-42-3.5-1.2;
  • Child sexual trafficking: Ind. Code § 35-42-3.5-1.3;
  • Human trafficking: Ind. Code Ann § 35-42-3.5-1.4.

2. Citation for the statute of limitiations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2

Rape

Rape is a:

 

  • Level Three (3) felony if the offender knowingly or intentionally has sexual intercourse with another person or knowingly or intentionally causes another person to perform or submit to other sexual conduct when victim is compelled by force or imminent threat of force, victim is unaware that sexual intercourse is occurring, or victim is so mentally disabled or deficient that consent to sexual intercourse cannot be given; or
  • Level One (1) felony if, in addition to the circumstances described above:
    • The rape is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon;
    • The rape results in serious bodily injury to someone other than perpetrator; or
    • Commission of the rape is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without victim’s knowledge, with a drug or controlled substance, or knowing that victim was furnished with a drug or controlled substance without victim’s knowledge.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime’s classification, detailed above.

  1. For a Level Three (3) felony:
    • If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18): A prosecution must be brought within ten (10) years after commission of the offense or within four (4) years after the person ceases to be dependent of the person alleged to have committed the offense, whichever occurs later.
    • If the victim is eighteen (18) or older: A prosecution must be brought within five (5) years after commission of the offense.
    • Provided, however, if the claim would be barred under the foregoing sections (a) or (b), a prosecution may be commenced not later than five (5) years after the earlier of the date on which: (i) the state first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; (ii) the state first becomes aware of the existence of a recording that provides evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense; or (iii) a person confesses to the offense.

       2. For a Level One (1) felony: A prosecution may be commenced at any time.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2.
Child molesting

Child molesting is a:

 

Level Three (3) felony, if a person who, with a child under fourteen (14) years of age, knowingly or intentionally performs or submits to sexual intercourse or other sexual conduct.  However, the offense is a Level One (1) felony if:

  • It is committed by a person at least twenty-one (21) years of age;
  • It is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon;
  • It results in serious bodily injury;
  • The commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without the victim’s knowledge, with a drug or controlled substance, or knowing that the victim was furnished with the drug or controlled substance without the victim’s knowledge; or
  • It results in the transmission of a dangerous sexually transmitted disease and the person knew that the person was infected with the disease.

 

Level Four (4) felony, if a person who, with a child under fourteen (14) years of age, performs or submits to any fondling or touching, of either the child or the older person, with intent to arouse or to satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the older person. However, the offense is a Level Two (2) felony if:

  • It is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force;
  • It is committed while armed with a deadly weapon; or
  • The commission of the offence is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without the victim’s knowledge, with a drug or a controlled substance, or knowing that the victim was furnished the drug or controlled substance without the victim’s knowledge.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. For Level Three (3) or Four (4) felony: Prosecution must commence within five (5) years after commission of the offense.  If such a felony would otherwise be barred under the foregoing guidelines, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.
  2. For Level One (1) or Two (2) felony: A prosecution may be commenced at any time; but the prosecution must be commenced before victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age
  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2
Child Exploitation/Possession of Child Pornography

Child exploitation is a:

  • Level Five (5) felony for a person who:
    • Knowingly or intentionally manages, produces, sponsors, presents, exhibits, photographs, films, videotapes, or creates a digitized image of any performance or incident that includes sexual conduct by a child under eighteen (18) years of age; or
    • Knowingly or intentionally disseminates, exhibits to another person, offers to disseminate or exhibit to another person, or sends or brings into Indiana for dissemination or exhibition matter that depicts or describes sexual conduct by a child under eighteen (18) years of age; or
    • Knowingly or intentionally makes a computer available to another person that contains matter that depicts or describes sexual conduct by a child less than eighteen (18); or
    • With the intent to satisfy or arouse the sexual desires of any person, knowingly or intentionally managing, producing, sponsoring, exhibiting, presenting disseminating, or offering to disseminate or exhibit   any photographs, films, videotapes; or creates a digitalized image of, any performances or incident that includes the uncovered genitals of a child less than eighteen (18), or exhibiting the female breast with less than a fully opaque covering of any part of the nipple of a child less than eighteen (18); or making available to another person a computer, knowing that the computer contains the above described matter.
  • Level Four (4) felony:
    • However the offense described above is a Level Four felony if the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident depicts or describes a child less than eighteen (18) years engaging in bestiality; is mentally disabled or deficient;  participates in the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident by use of force or the threat of force; physically or verbally resists participating in the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident; receives a bodily injury while participating in the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident; or is less than twelve (12) years of age; or the child less than eighteen (18) years of age: engages in bestiality; is mentally disabled or deficient; participates in the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident by use of force or the threat of force; physically or verbally resists participating in the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident; receives a bodily injury while participating in the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident; or is less than twelve (12) years of age.

 

Possession of Child Pornography is a:

  • Level Six (6) felony:
    • If a person knowingly or intentionally possesses or accesses with intent to view a picture, drawing, photograph, negative image, undeveloped film, motion picture, videotape; digitalized image, or any pictorial representation, that depict or describe sexual conduct by a child under `eighteen (18) or looks to be less than eighteen (18), and that lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value.
  • Level Five (5) felony:
    • However, the offense described above constitute a Level Five felony if a picture, drawing, photograph,  negative image, undeveloped film, motion picture, videotape,  digitized image, or any pictorial representation depicts or describes sexual conduct by a child who the person knows is less than eighteen (18) years of age, or who appears to be less than eighteen (18) years of age; engages in  bestiality; is mentally disabled or deficient;  participates in the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident by use of force or the threat of force; physically or verbally resists participating in the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident; or is less than twelve (12) years of age: or the child whose sexual conduct is depicted or described in any the items listed before  engages in  bestiality; is mentally disabled or deficient;  participates in the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident by use of force or the threat of force; physically or verbally resists participating in the sexual conduct, matter, performance, or incident; or is less than twelve (12) years of age.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime’s classification, detailed above. 

  1. For a Level Five (5) or Six (6) felony: Prosecution must be commenced within ten (10) years after the commission of the offense, or within four (4) years after the victim ceases to be a dependent of the person alleged to have committed the offense, whichever occurs later. 
  2. For Level Five (5) felony only: If such a felony would otherwise be barred under the above limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2(b),(m).
Vicarious sexual gratification; fondling in the presence of a minor.

Vicarious sexual gratification is a:

 

  • Level Three (3) felony if any child involved in the offense is less than fourteen (14) years of age, and it is a Level Two (2) felony if the offense is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force, if it is committed while armed with a deadly weapon, if it results in serious bodily injury, or if the commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without the victim's knowledge, with a drug or a controlled substance or knowing that the victim was furnished with the drug or controlled substance without the victim's knowledge;
  • Level Three (3) felony if the offense is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon; or the commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without the victim's knowledge, with a drug or a controlled substance or knowing that the victim was furnished with the drug or controlled substance without the victim’s knowledge or if it results in serious bodily injury;
  • Level Four (4) felony if a child involved in the offense is under the age of fourteen (14);
  • Level Four (4) felony if a person eighteen (18) years of age or older who knowingly or intentionally directs, aids, induces, or causes a child under the age sixteen (16) to:
    • Engage in sexual intercourse with another child under sixteen (16) years of age;
    • Engage in sexual conduct with an animal other than a human being; or
    • Engage in other sexual conduct with another person; all with intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of a child or the older person.
  • Level Five (5) felony for an offender eighteen (18) or older who knowingly or intentionally directs, aids, induces, or causes a child under the age of sixteen (16) to touch or fondle himself or another child under the age of  sixteen (16) with intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of a child or the older person;
  • Level (6) felony if a person eighteen (18) years of age or older who knowingly or intentionally:
    • Engages in sexual intercourse;
    • Engages in other sexual conduct; or
    • Touches or fondles the person’s own body in the presence of a child less than fourteen (14) years of age with the intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of the child or the older persons commits performing sexual conduct in the presence of a minor.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. For Level Two (2), Three (3), Four (4), Five (5), or Six (6) felony: A prosecution must be commenced before the victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age; provided, however, that for a Level Three (3), Four (4), or Five (5) felony, if such a felony would otherwise be barred under the foregoing limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense
  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-5
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2
Child solicitation

Child solicitation is a:

 

  • Level Five (5) felony if a person age eighteen (18) or older knowingly or intentionally commands, authorizes, urges, incites, requests or advises an individual under the age of fourteen (14) to perform (1) sexual intercourse, (2) other sexual conduct, or (3) any fondling or touching intended to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the older person.
  • Level Four (4) felony if the above crime is committed by using a computer network (as defined in § 35-43-2-3) and the offender travels to meet the child, or the offender has a previous unrelated conviction for an offense under this section.
  • Level Five (5) felony if a person age twenty-one (21) or older knowingly or intentionally commands, authorizes, urges, incites, requests or advises an individual at least fourteen (14) years old but less than sixteen (16) years old (or a person the offender believes to be between fourteen (14) years old and sixteen (16) years old) to perform (1) sexual intercourse, (2) other sexual conduct, or (3) any fondling or touching intended to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the older person.
  • Level Four (4) felony if the above crime is committed by using a computer network (as defined in § 35-43-2-3) and the offender travels to meet the child, or the offender has a previous unrelated conviction for an offense under this section.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. The prosecution must be commenced before the victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age, but if a claim would otherwise be barred under the foregoing limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-6.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2(b), (e).
Child seduction

Child seduction is a:

  • Level Five (5) felony if the child is at least sixteen (16) years of age but less than eighteen (18) years of age and the person or law enforcement officer engaged in sexual intercourse or other sexual conduct with the child;
  • Level Five (5) felony if the child is at least fourteen (14) years of age but less than sixteen (16) years of age and the person or law enforcement officer engaged in any fondling or touching with the intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of:  (A) the child; or (B) the person or law enforcement officer;
  • Level Four (4) felony if the child is at least fourteen (14) years of age but less than sixteen (16) years of age and the person or law enforcement officer engaged in sexual intercourse or other sexual conduct  with the child;
  • Level Three (3) felony if the child is thirteen (13) years of age or under and the person or law enforcement officer engaged in any fondling or touching with the intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of:  (A) the child; or (B) the person or law enforcement officer; and
  • Level Two (2) felony if the child is thirteen (13) years of age or under and the person or law enforcement officer engaged in sexual intercourse or other sexual conduct with the child.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. Prosecution must be commenced before the victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age.
  2. Only for Level Five (5) felony: If such a felony would otherwise be barred under the above limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-7.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2.
Sexual battery

Sexual battery is a:

 

  • Level Six (6) felony if the perpetrator, with the intent to arouse or satisfy perpetrator’s own sexual desires or the sexual desires of another:
    • Touches victim when victim is compelled to submit to the touching by force or the imminent threat of force or so mentally disabled or deficient that consent to the touching cannot be given; or
    • Touches another person’s genitals, pubic area, buttocks, or female breast when that person is unaware that the touching is occurring.
  • Level Four (4) felony if, along with description above, offense is committed the by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon, or if commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without victim’s knowledge, with a drug or controlled substance, or knowing that victim was furnished with a drug or controlled substance without victim’s knowledge

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime's classification, detailed above. 

  1. For Level Four (4) or Six (6) felony: If the victim is an adult, prosecution must commence within five (5) years after commission of the offense. If the victim is a child, prosecution must commence within ten (10) years after the commission of the offense, or within four (4) years after the victim ceases to be a dependent of the person alleged to have committed the offense, whichever occurs later.
  2. Only for Level Four (4) felony: If such a felony would otherwise be barred under the above limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-8.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2.
Sexual misconduct with a minor

Sexual misconduct with a minor is a:

 

  • Level Five (5) felony if a person at least eighteen (18) performs or submits to sexual intercourse or other sexual conduct with a child at least fourteen (14) but less than sixteen (16), but:
    • Level Four (4) felony if perpetrator is at least twenty-one (21); or
    • Level One (1) felony if offense is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon, if it results in serious bodily injury or if commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without victim’s knowledge, with a drug or controlled substance, or knowing that victim was furnished with a drug or controlled substance without victim’s knowledge
  • Level Six (6) felony if a person at least eighteen (18) performs or submits to any fondling or touching with intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the older person, with a child at least fourteen (14) but less than sixteen (16), but:
    • Level Five (5) felony if perpetrator is at least twenty-one (21); or
    • Level Two (2) felony if offense is committed by using or threatening the use of deadly force or while armed with a deadly weapon, or if commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without victim’s knowledge, with a drug or controlled substance, or knowing that victim was furnished with a drug or controlled substance without victim’s knowledge.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the crime’s classification, detailed above. 

  1. For a Level Four (4), Level Five (5), or Level Six (6) felony,  the prosecution must be commenced before the victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age, but if a claim for a level Four (4) or a Level Five (5) would otherwise be barred under the foregoing limitation, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.
  2. For a Level One (1) or Level Two (2) felony: Prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-42-4-9.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2.
Incest (Applies to offenders age 18 or older)

Incest is a:

  • Level Five (5) felony if offender engages in sexual intercourse or other sexual conduct with another person, when the person knows that the other person is related to the person biologically as a parent, child, grandparent, grandchild, sibling, aunt, uncle, niece, or nephew and the victim is over the age of sixteen (16).
  • Level Four (4) felony if the victim is under the age of sixteen (16).

The prosecution must be commenced before victim reaches thirty-one (31) years of age. If such a felony would otherwise be barred under the foregoing guideline, a prosecution may be commenced within one (1) year after the earlier of the date on which the state: (a) first discovers evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis; or (b) could have discovered evidence sufficient to charge the offender with the offense through DNA analysis through the exercise of due diligence.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ind. Code § 35-46-1-3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ind. Code § 35-41-4-2.
Failure of carriers of dangerous communicable diseases to warn persons at risk

This statute has been repealed.

This statute has been repealed.

Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Iowa What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual abuse, first degree

Sexual abuse in the first degree is a Class “A” felony.

  1. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18), a case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within fifteen (15) years after victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.
  2. If the victim is eighteen (18) years of age or older, a case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within ten (10) years after the commission of the crime; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.
  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.2.
Sexual abuse, second degree

Sexual abuse in the second degree is a Class “B” felony.

  1. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18), a case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within fifteen (15) years after victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.
  2. If the victim is eighteen (18) years of age or older, a case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within ten (10) years after the commission of the crime; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.
  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.2.
Sexual abuse, third degree

Sexual abuse in the third degree is a Class “C” felony.

  1. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18), a case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within fifteen (15) years after victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.
  2. If the victim is eighteen (18) years of age or older, a case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within ten (10) years after the commission of the crime; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.
  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.2.
Lascivious acts with a child

Lascivious acts with a child is a Class “C” or “D” felony, depending upon the circumstances.

A case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within ten (10) years after the victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.

  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.8.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code §§ 802.2B.
Assault with intent to commit sexual abuse

Assault with intent to commit sexual abuse is a:

 

  • Class “C” felony if the person who commits the assault with the intent to commit sexual abuse thereby causes serious injury to any person; or 
  • Class “D” felony if the person who commits the assault with the intent to commit sexual abuse thereby causes any person a bodily injury other than a serious injury; or
  • An aggravated misdemeanor if no injury results.
  1. The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the age of the victim at the time of the commission of the offense. If the victim was under eighteen (18) years of age at the time of the commission of the offense, a case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within ten (10) years after the victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.
  2. If the victim was not under the age of eighteen (18) at the time of the commission of the offense, legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after commission of the offense; provided, however, that if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, a claim may be brought within three years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.
  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.11.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code §§ 802.2B, 802.3.
Indecent contact with a child

Indecent contact with a child is an aggravated misdemeanor.

A case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within ten (10) years after the victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.

  1. itation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.12.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.2B.
Lascivious conduct with a minor

Lascivious conduct with a minor is a serious misdemeanor.

A case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within ten (10) years after the victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.

  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.14.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.2B.
Sexual exploitation by a counselor, therapist, or school employee

The classification for this crime depends upon the following: 

  • Class “D” felony if there is: (1) a pattern or scheme of sexual conduct by a counselor or therapist with an emotionally dependent patient or client or emotionally dependent former patient or client for the purpose of arousing or satisfying the sexual desires of the counselor or therapist or the emotionally dependent patient or client or emotionally dependent former patient or client including kissing and touching of the clothed or unclothed inner thigh, breast, groin, buttock, anus, pubes, or genitals, or a sex act, within one year after the termination of the provision of mental health services by the counselor or therapist; or (2) a pattern or scheme of sexual conduct by a school employee with a student for the purpose of arousing or satisfying the sexual desires of the school employee or the student including kissing, touching of the clothed or unclothed inner thigh, breast, groin, buttock, anus, pubes, or genitals, or a sex act.
  • Aggravated misdemeanor if there is: (1) any sexual conduct by a counselor or therapist with an emotionally dependent patient or client or emotionally dependent former patient or client for the purpose of arousing or satisfying the sexual desires of the counselor or therapist or the emotionally dependent patient or client or emotionally dependent former patient or client including kissing and touching of the clothed or unclothed inner thigh, breast, groin, buttock, anus, pubes, or genitals, or a sex act; or (2) any sexual conduct by a school employee with a student for the purpose of arousing or satisfying the sexual desires of the school employee or the student including kissing, touching of the clothed or unclothed inner thigh, breast, groin, buttock, anus, pubes, or genitals, or a sex act.
  • Serious misdemeanor if there is any sexual conduct by a counselor or therapist with a patient or client or former patient or client within one year of the termination of the provision of mental health services by the counselor or therapist for the purpose of arousing or satisfying the sexual desires of the counselor or therapist or the emotionally dependent patient or client or emotionally dependent former patient or client including kissing and touching of the clothed or unclothed inner thigh, breast, groin, buttock, anus, pubes, or genitals, or a sex act.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends upon the age of the victim at the time of the commission of the offense. 

  1. If the victim is under age eighteen (18), prosecution must commence within fifteen (15) years after victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or
  2. If the victim is age eighteen (18) or older, a prosecution must commence within ten (10) years after victim was last treated by the counselor or therapist, or within ten (10) years of the date the victim was enrolled in or attended the school.
  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.15.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.2A.
Sexual misconduct with offenders and juveniles

Sexual misconduct with offenders and juveniles is an aggravated misdemeanor.

  1. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18) and placed in a juvenile placement facility, a case must be brought by the later of either: (a) within ten (10) years after the victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.
  2. If the victim is an individual committed to the custody of the department of corrections or a prisoner incarcerated in a county jail, a case must be brought within three (3) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.16.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code §§ 802.2B; 802.3.
Incest

Incest is a Class “D” felony.

  1. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18), legal proceedings against the offender must commence within fifteen (15) years after victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or
  2. If the victim is aged eighteen (18) or older, legal proceedings must commence against the offender within ten (10) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 726.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.2A.
Sexual exploitation of a minor

Sexual exploitation of a minor is a Class “C” or “D” felony, depending upon the circumstances.

Legal proceedings against the offender must commence by the later of either: (a) within ten (10) years after the victim attains eighteen (18) years of age; or (b) if the offender is identified through the use of a DNA profile, within three (3) years from the date the offender is identified by his or her DNA.

  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 728.12.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.2B.
Criminal transmission of HIV

This statute was repealed.

This statute was repealed.

Indecent exposure

Indecent exposure is a serious misdemeanor.

Legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.9.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.3.
Invasion of privacy--nudity

Invasion of privacy-nudity is an aggravated misdemeanor.

Legal proceedings must commence against the offender within three (3) years after commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709.21.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.3.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Contagious or Infectious Disease Transmission Act
  1. A person commits a Class “B” felony when the person knows the person is infected with a contagious or infectious disease and exposes an uninfected person to the contagious or infectious disease with the intent that the uninfected person contract the contagious or infectious disease, and the conduct results in the uninfected person becoming infected with the contagious or infectious disease.
  2. A person commits a Class “D” felony when the person knows the person is infected with a contagious or infectious disease and exposes an uninfected person to the contagious or infectious disease with the intent that the uninfected person contract the contagious or infectious disease, but the conduct does not result in the uninfected person becoming infected with the contagious or infectious disease.
  3. A person commits a Class “D” felony when the person knows the person is infected with a contagious or infectious disease and exposes an uninfected person to the contagious or infectious disease acting with a reckless disregard as to whether the uninfected person contracts the contagious or infectious disease, and the conduct results in the uninfected person becoming infected with the contagious or infectious disease.
  4. A person commits a serious misdemeanor when the person knows the person is infected with a contagious or infectious disease and exposes an uninfected person to the contagious or infectious disease acting with a reckless disregard as to whether the uninfected person contracts the contagious or infectious disease, but the conduct does not result in the uninfected person becoming infected with the contagious or infectious disease.

Legal proceedings against the offender must commence within three (3) years after commission of the offense.

  1.  Citation for the crime: Iowa Code § 709D.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Iowa Code § 802.3.






Kansas What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape

Rape is a severity Level One (1) or Two (2) person felony, or an off-grid person felony, depending upon the circumstances.

A prosecution for rape may be commenced at any time.

  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5503.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. § 21-5107(a).
Criminal sodomy; aggravated criminal sodomy

Criminal sodomy is classified as follows:

  • A Class B nonperson misdemeanor if sodomy occurs between persons who are sixteen (16) or more years of age and members of the same sex, or between a person and an animal; or
  • A severity Level Three (3) person felony if sodomy occurs with a child who is fourteen (14) or above but less than sixteen (16), or if the perpetrator causes a child fourteen (14) or above but less than sixteen (16) to engage in sodomy with any person or animal.

Aggravated criminal sodomy is classified as follows:

  • Severity Level One (1) person felony if: (i) sodomy is with a child who is under fourteen (14) years of age; (ii) the offender causes a child under the age of fourteen (14) to engage in sodomy with any person or animal; or (iii) sodomy is with a victim who does not consent to the sodomy or causes the victim, without the victim’s consent, to engage with any person or animal under any of the following circumstances: (a) victim is overcome by force or fear; (b) victim is unconscious or physically powerless; (c) victim is incapable of giving consent because of mental deficiency or disease; or (d) victim is incapable of giving consent because of the effect of any alcohol, narcotic drug or other substance, which condition was known or reasonably apparent to offender; or
  • Off-grid person felony if perpetrator is aged eighteen (18) years old or above.

The statute of limitations is as follows:

  1. For criminal sodomy:
    • When the victim is eighteen (18) years of age or older, prosecution must be commenced within ten (10) years of the occurrence of the violation, or within one (1) year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later.
    • When the victim is less than eighteen (18) years of age, prosecution must be commenced within ten (10) years of the date the victim turns eighteen (18) years of age, or within one (1) year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later.
  2. For aggravated criminal sodomy: A prosecution for aggravated criminal sodomy may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5504.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. §§ 21-5107, 22-3717.

Note: The portion of the criminal sodomy statute that prohibits consensual acts of anal intercourse between consenting adults (individuals aged 16 or older) of the same sex (Kan. Stat. § 21-5504(a)(1)) was found unconstitutional and unenforceable in State v. Franco, 49 Kan. App. 2d 924, 934-35, 319 P.3d 551, 558 (2014), review denied (Apr. 29, 2015), and new legislation is being proposed.  It has not, however, been repealed.

Sexual battery; aggravated sexual battery

Sexual battery is a Class A person misdemeanor. Aggravated sexual battery is a severity Level Five (5) person felony.

The statute of limitations is as follows:

  1. For sexual battery, a prosecution must be commenced within five years after the crime is committed.
  2. For aggravated sexual battery, when the victim is eighteen (18) years of age or older, prosecution shall be commenced within ten (10) years of the occurrence of the violation, or one (1) year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later. When the victim is less than eighteen (18) years of age, prosecution shall be commenced within ten (10) years of the date the victim turns eighteen (18) years of age, or one (1) year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later.
  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5505.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. §§ 21-5107; 22-3717.
Indecent liberties with a child; aggravated indecent liberties with a child

Indecent liberties with a child is a severity Level Five (5) person felony.

Aggravated indecent liberties with a child between the ages of 14 and 16 and who does not consent thereto is a severity Level Three (3) or Four (4) person felony, depending upon the circumstances.

If, however, the offender is 18 years or older, and the victim is under the age of 14, and he/she commits or attempts, conspires or solicits to commit aggravated indecent liberties, this offense constitutes an off-grid person felony.

  1. If the victim is eighteen (18) years of age or older, prosecution shall be commenced within ten (10) years of the occurrence of the violation, or one (1) year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later.
  2. If the victim is less than eighteen (18) years of age, prosecution shall be commenced within ten years of the date the victim turns eighteen (18) years of age, or one (1) year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later.
  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5506.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. §§ 21-5107, 22-3717.
Unlawful voluntary sexual relations

Unlawful voluntary sexual relations is a severity Level Eight (8),Nine (9) or Ten (10) person felony depending upon the circumstances.

A prosecution must commence within five (5) years after the crime is committed.

  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5507.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. § 21-5107.

Note: This statute was held unconstitutional by State v. Limon, 280 Kan. 275, 122 P.3d 22 (2005), resulting in the Kansas Supreme Court striking the unconstitutional language, and there is newly proposed legislation that limits the statute’s application to members of the opposite sex. 

Indecent solicitation of a child; aggravated indecent solicitation of a child

Indecent solicitation of a child is a severity Level Six (6) person felony. Aggravated indecent solicitation of a child is a severity Level Five (5) person felony.

  1. If the victim is eighteen (18) years of age or older, prosecution shall be commenced within ten (10) years of the occurrence of the violation, or one year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later.
  2. If the victim is less than eighteen (18) years of age, prosecution shall be commenced within ten (10) years of the date the victim turns eighteen (18) years of age, or one (1) year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later.
  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5508.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. § 21-5107 and 22-3717.
Electronic solicitation

Electronic solicitation is a severity Level Three (3) person felony if the offender believes the child to be aged fourteen (14) or more years of age but less than sixteen (16), and a severity Level One (1) person felony if the offender believes the child to be under fourteen (14) years of age.

A prosecution must commence within five (5) years after the crime is committed.

  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5509.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. § 21-5107.
Sexual exploitation of a child

Sexual exploitation of a child is a severity Level Five (5) or Three (3) person felony, or an off-grid person felony, depending upon the circumstances.

Prosecution must be commenced within ten (10) years of the date the victim turns eighteen (18) years of age, or one (1) year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later.

  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5510.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. § 21-5107 and 22-3717.
Unlawful sexual relations

Unlawful sexual relations is a severity Level Four (4) or Five (5) person felony, depending upon the circumstances.

Prosecution must commence within five (5) years after the crime is committed.

  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5512.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. § 21-5107.
Incest; aggravated incest

Incest is a severity Level Ten (10) person felony. Aggravated incest is a severity Level Five (5) person felony if it involves sexual intercourse or sodomy, severity Level Three (3) person felony if the victim is the offender’s biological, step or adoptive child, or a severity Level Seven (7) person felony if it involves lewd touching. 

  1. For Incest: Prosecution must commence within five (5) years after the crime is committed.
  2. For Aggravated Incest: When the victim is eighteen (18) years of age or older, prosecution shall be commenced within ten (10) years of the occurrence of the violation, or one (1)  year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later. When the victim is less than eighteen (18) years of age, prosecution shall be commenced within ten (10) years of the date the victim turns eighteen (18) years of age, or one (1) year from the date on which the identity of the suspect is conclusively established by DNA testing, whichever is later.
  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5604.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. § 21-5107.
Exposing another to a life threatening communicable disease

Exposing another to a life-threatening communicable disease is a severity Level Seven (7) person felony.

Prosecution must commence within five (5) years after the crime is committed.

  1. Citation for the crime: Kan. Stat. § 21-5424.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Kan. Stat. § 21-5107.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Kentucky What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape, first degree

Rape in the first degree is a Class B felony unless the victim is under twelve (12) years old or receives a serious physical injury in which case it is a Class A felony.

Under Kentucky law, this crime is a felony and there is no statute of limitations for any felony.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.040.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Rape, second degree

Rape in the second degree is a Class C felony.

Under Kentucky law, this crime is a felony and there is no statute of limitations for any felony.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.050.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Rape, third degree

Rape in the third degree is a Class D felony.

Under Kentucky law, this crime is a felony and there is no statute of limitations for any felony.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.060.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Sodomy, first degree

Sodomy in the first degree is a Class B felony unless the victim is under twelve (12) years old or receives a serious physical injury in which case it is a Class A felony.

Under Kentucky law, this crime is a felony and there is no statute of limitations for any felony.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.070.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Sodomy, second degree

Sodomy in the second degree is a Class C felony.

Under Kentucky law, this crime is a felony and there is no statute of limitations for any felony.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.080.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Sodomy, third degree

Sodomy in the third degree is a Class D felony.

Under Kentucky law, this crime is a felony and there is no statute of limitations for any felony.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.090.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Sodomy, fourth degree

NoteCommonwealth of Kentucky v. Wasson, 842 S.W.2d 487 (Ky. 1992).

  • This crime was held unconstitutional;
  • Criminal statute proscribing consensual homosexual sodomy violates right of privacy and of equal protection guaranteed by Kentucky Constitution.

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. If the victim is over the age of eighteen (18), legal proceedings against the perpetrator must be brought within one (1) year after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18) at the time of the offense, prosecution of the offense shall be commenced within five (5) years after the victim attains the age of eighteen (18) years.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.100.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Sexual abuse, first degree

Sexual abuse in the first degree is a Class D felony, unless the victim is less than twelve (12) years old, in which case the offense shall be a Class C felony.

Under Kentucky law, this crime is a felony and there is no statute of limitations for any felony.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.110.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Sexual abuse, second degree

Sexual abuse in the second degree is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. If the victim is over the age of eighteen (18), legal proceedings against the perpetrator must be brought within one (1) year after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18) at the time of the offense, prosecution of the offense shall be commenced within five (5) years after the victim attains the age of eighteen (18).
  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.120.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Sexual abuse, third degree

Sexual abuse in the third degree is a Class B misdemeanor.

  1. If the victim is over the age of eighteen (18), legal proceedings against the perpetrator must be brought within one (1) year after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18) at the time of the offense, prosecution of the offense shall be commenced within five (5) years after the victim attains the age of eighteen (18).
  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.130.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Sexual misconduct

Sexual misconduct is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. If the victim is over the age of eighteen (18), legal proceedings against the perpetrator must be brought within one (1) year after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18) at the time of the offense, prosecution of the offense shall be commenced within five (5) years after the victim attains the age of eighteen (18).
  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.140.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Indecent Exposure, first degree

Indecent exposure in the first degree is a: 

  • Class B misdemeanor for the first offense;
  • Class A misdemeanor for the second offense, if it was committed within three (3) years of the first conviction;
  • Class D felony for the third offense, if it was committed within three (3) years of the second conviction; and
  • Class D felony for any subsequent offense, if it was committed within three (3) years of the prior conviction.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends on the crime's classification. See above for further detail.

  1. If a Felony: There is no statute of limitations for any felony.
  2. If a Misdemeanor: (a) If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18) at the time of the commission of the offense, the prosecution of the offense must be commenced within five (5) years after the victim turns eighteen (18) years of age; (b) If the victim is over the age of eighteen (18), legal proceedings against the perpetrator must be brought within one (1) year after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.148.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Indecent Exposure, second degree

Indecent exposure in the second degree is a Class B misdemeanor.

  1. If the victim is over the age of eighteen (18), legal proceedings against the perpetrator must be brought within one (1) year after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim is under the age of eighteen (18) at the time of the offense, prosecution of the offense shall be commenced within five (5) years after the victim attains the age of eighteen (18).
  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.150.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Unlawful use of electronic means to induce a minor to engage in sexual or other prohibited activities

Unlawful use of electronic means originating or received within the Commonwealth to induce a minor to engage in sexual or other prohibited activities is a Class D felony.

Under Kentucky law, this crime is a felony and there is no statute of limitations for any felony.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 510.155.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Incest

Incest is a Class A, B, or C felony, depending upon the circumstances.

Under Kentucky law, this crime is a felony and there is no statute of limitations for any felony.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 530.020.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Voyeurism

Voyeurism is a Class A misdemeanor.

Legal proceedings against the perpetrator must be brought within one (1) year after commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 531.090.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Distribution of obscene matter to minors

Distribution of obscene materials to minors is a Class A misdemeanor unless the defendant has previously been convicted of violation of this section or of Ky. Rev. Stat. § 531.020 (distribution of obscene matter), in which case it shall be a Class D felony.

  1. If a Felony: There is no statute of limitations for any felony.
  2. If a Misdemeanor: Legal proceedings against the perpetrator must be brought within one (1) year after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 531.030.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Video voyeurism

Video voyeurism is a Class D felony.

Under Kentucky law, this crime is a felony and there is no statute of limitations for any felony.

  1. Citation for the crime: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 531.100.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ky. Rev. Stat. § 500.050.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Louisiana What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
First degree rape
  1. There is no time limit upon the initiation of prosecution for first degree rape.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:42. This statute was amended on August 1, 2015, and what was previously deemed “aggravated rape” is now first degree rape.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.
Second degree rape

There is no time limit upon the initiation of prosecution for second degree rape.

  1.  Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:42.1. This statute was amended on August 1, 2015, and what was previously deemed “forcible rape” is now second degree rape.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.
Thrid degree rape

Legal proceedings against the perpetrator must commence within six (6) years after commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:43.  This statute was amended on August 1, 2015, and what was previously deemed “simple rape” is now third degree rape.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572.   
Sexual battery

This crime is punishable by imprisonment with or without hard labor, without benefit of parole, probation, or suspension of sentence, for not more than ten (10) years; or if offender was seventeen (17) years of age or older and the victim was either (i) under thirteen (13) years of age, (ii) has paraplegia, quadriplegia,  is otherwise physically incapable of preventing the act or is incapable, through unsoundness of mind, and the offender knew or should have known of the victim’s incapacity or (iii) is sixty-five (65) years of age or older, punishable by imprisonment at hard labor for not less than twenty-five (25) nor more than ninety-nine (99) years.

  1. If the offense was committed against a victim under seventeen (17), then prosecution must commence within thirty (30) years from the date that the victim attains the age of eighteen (18); or
  2. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:43.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.1; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Second degree sexual battery

This crime is punishable by imprisonment with or without hard labor, without benefit of parole, probation, or suspension of sentence, for not more than fifteen (15) years, or if offender was seventeen (17) years of age or over and victim either (i) is under thirteen (13) years of age, (ii) has paraplegia, quadriplegia, or is otherwise physically incapable of preventing the act or is incapable, through unsoundness of mind, and the offender knew or should have known of the victim’s incapacity or (iii) is sixty-five (65) years of age or older, punishable by imprisonment at hard labor for not less than twenty-five (25) nor more than ninety-nine (99) years.

  1. If the offense was committed against a victim under age seventeen (17), then prosecution must commence within thirty (30) years from the date that the victim attains the age of eighteen (18); or
  2. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:43.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.1; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Oral sexual battery

This crime is punishable by imprisonment with or without hard labor, without benefit of parole, probation, or suspension of sentence, for not more than ten (10) years when the victim, who is not the spouse of the offender, is under the age of fifteen years and is at least three years younger than the offender; or if offender was seventeen (17) years of age or older and the victim was either (i) under thirteen (13) years of age, (ii) has paraplegia, quadriplegia, or is otherwise physically incapable of preventing the act or is incapable, through unsoundness of mind, and the offender knew or should have known of the victim’s incapacity or (iii) is sixty-five (65) years of age or older, punishable by imprisonment at hard labor for not less than twenty-five (25) nor more than ninety-nine (99) years.

  1. If the offense was committed against a victim under the age of seventeen (17), then prosecution must commence within thirty (30) years from the date that the victim attains the age of eighteen (18); or
  2. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:43.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.1; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Intentional exposure to HIV

This crime is punishable by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000), and/or by imprisonment with or without hard labor for not more than ten (10) years.  If, however, victim was a first responder, this crime is punishable by a fine of not more than six thousand dollars ($6,000), and/or by imprisonment, with or without hard labor, for not more than eleven (11) years.

  1. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, legal proceedings against the perpetrator must commence within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  2. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, within two (2) years after commission of the offense; or
  4. For a misdemeanor punishable only by a fine or forfeiture, within six (6) months after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:43.5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Crime Against Nature

This crime is punishable by fines, imprisonment with or without hard labor, or both, depending on the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim, and the age of the victim.

  1. If the offense was committed against a victim under seventeen (17), then prosecution must commence within thirty (30) years from the date that the victim attains the age of eighteen (18); or
  2. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense; or
  4. For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, within two (2) years after commission of the offense; or
  5. For a misdemeanor punishable only by a fine or forfeiture, within six (6) months after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:89.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.1; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Aggravated Crime Against Nature

This crime is punishable by fines, imprisonment with or without hard labor, or both, depending on the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim, and the age of the victim.

 

  1. If the offense was committed against a victim under seventeen (17), then prosecution must commence within thirty (30) years from the date that the victim attains the age of eighteen (18); or
  2. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense; or
  4. For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, within two (2) years after commission of the offense; or
  5. For a misdemeanor punishable only by a fine or forfeiture, within six (6) months after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:89.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.1; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Felony carnal knowledge of a juvenile

This crime is punishable by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) and/or by imprisonment, with or without hard labor, for not more than ten (10) years.

  1. If the offense was committed against a victim under seventeen (17), then prosecution must commence within thirty (30) years from the date that the victim attains the age of eighteen (18); or
  2. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense; or
  4. For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, within two (2) years after commission of the offense; or
  5. For a misdemeanor punishable only by a fine or forfeiture, within six (6) months after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:80.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.1.
Misdemeanor carnal knowledge of a juvenile

This crime is punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), and/or by imprisonment for not more than six (6) months.

For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, a prosecution must be brought within two (2) years after commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:80.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Indecent behavior with juveniles

This crime is punishable by a fine of up to five thousand dollars ($5,000), and/or by imprisonment with or without hard labor for not more than seven (7) years. If, however, victim is under the age of thirteen (13) and offender is at least seventeen (17) years of age or older, this crime is punishable by imprisonment at hard labor for not less than two (2) nor more than twenty-five (25) years.

  1. If the offense was committed against a victim under seventeen (17), then prosecution must commence within thirty (30) years from the date that the victim attains the age of eighteen (18); or
  2. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense; or
  4. For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, within two (2) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:81.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.1; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Molestation of a juvenile or a person with a physical or mental disability

The punishment for this crime depends on the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim, and the age of the victim.

  1. If the offense was committed against a victim under seventeen (17), then prosecution must commence within thirty (30) years from the date that the victim attains the age of eighteen (18); or
  2. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense; or
  4. For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, within two (2) years after commission of the offense; or
  5. For a misdemeanor punishable only by a fine or forfeiture, within six (6) months after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:81.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.1; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572.
Prohibited sexual conduct between educator and student

This crime is punishable by a fine of up to one thousand dollars ($1,000), and/or by imprisonment for up to six (6) months. If, however, it is a second or subsequent offense, this crime is punishable by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) and by imprisonment, with or without hard labor, for not less than one (1) nor more than five (5) years.

  1. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  2. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, within two (2) years after commission of the offense; or
  4. For a misdemeanor punishable only by a fine or forfeiture, within six (6) months after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:81.4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Pornography involving juveniles

This crime is punishable by fines, imprisonment with or without hard labor, or both, depending on the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim, and the age of the victim.

  1. If the offense was committed against a victim under seventeen (17), then prosecution must commence within thirty (30) years from the date that the victim attains the age of eighteen (18); or
  2. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense; or
  4. For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, within two (2) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:81.1
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.1; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Sexting

For a first offense, this crime is punishable by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars ($100) nor more than two hundred and fifty dollars ($250) and/or imprisonment for up to ten (10) days.  For a second offense, this crime is punishable by a fine of not less than two hundred and fifty dollars ($250) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500) and/or imprisonment for not less than ten (10) days nor more than thirty (30) days.  For a third or any subsequent offense, this crime is punishable by a fine of not less than five hundred dollars ($500) nor more than seven hundred and fifty dollars ($750) and/or imprisonment for not less than thirty (30) days and not more than six (6) months.

This crime applies to those under the age of seventeen (17).

  1. For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, within two (2) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:81.1.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572;  La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Computer-aided solicitation of a minor

This crime is punishable by fines, imprisonment with or without hard labor, or both, depending on the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim, the age of the victim, and whether this is a first or subsequent conviction for the same crime.

  1. If the offense was committed against a victim under seventeen (17), then prosecution must commence within thirty (30) years from the date that the victim attains the age of eighteen (18); or
  2. For a felony necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within six (6) years after commission of the offense; or
  3. For a felony not necessarily punishable by imprisonment at hard labor, within four (4) years after commission of the offense; or
  4. For a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, or imprisonment, or both, within two (2) years after commission of the offense; or
  5. For a misdemeanor punishable only by a fine or forfeiture, within six (6) months after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:81.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 571.1; La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 575.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Misdemeanor sexual battery
  1. This crime is punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or imprisonment for not more than six months, or both.
  2. Legal proceedings against the perpetrator must commence within two (2) years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: La. Rev. Stat. § 14:43.1.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: La. Code Crim. Proc. art. 572.






Maine What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Gross sexual assault

Gross sexual assault is a Class A, B, or C crime depending upon the circumstances.  

  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime when the victim was under the age of sixteen (16) at the time of the commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim was aged sixteen (16) or older at the time the offense was committed, prosecution must be commenced within twenty (20) years after the offense was committed.
  1. Citation for the crime: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 253. This statute was amended by 2017 Me. Legis. Serv. Ch. 300 (S.P. 216) (L.D. 654) (WEST) effective as of November 1, 2017. The amendment does not affect the information provided here. This crime was formerly called “gross sexual misconduct.”
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 8.
Sexual abuse of minors

Sexual abuse of minors is a Class C, D, or E crime depending upon the circumstances.

  1. If the victim was under age sixteen (16) at the time of the commission of the offense, there is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime; or
  2. If the victim was aged sixteen (16) or older at the time of the commission of the offense:  For Class A, B, or C crimes, a prosecution must commence within six (6) years after the commission of the offense; or for Class D and E crimes, a prosecution must commence within three (3) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 254.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 8.
Unlawful sexual contact

Unlawful sexual contact is a Class A, B, C, or D crime depending upon the circumstances.

  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime when victim was under the age of sixteen (16) at the time of commission of the offense; or
  2. For a Class A, B, or C crime involving unlawful sexual contact, legal proceedings must be commenced within twenty (20) years after the commission of the offense; or
  3. For Class D crimes, legal proceedings must be commenced within three (3) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 255-A.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 8.
Unlawful sexual touching

Unlawful sexual touching is a Class D or E crime, depending upon the circumstances.

Legal proceedings against the perpetrator must commence within three (3) years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 260.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 8.
Sexual exploitation of minor

Sexual exploitation of a minor is a Class A or B crime, depending upon the circumstances.

  1. Legal proceedings against the perpetrator must commence within six (6) years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 282.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 8.
Incest

Incest is a Class C or D crime, depending upon the circumstances.

  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime when victim was under the age of sixteen (16) at the time of commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim was  aged sixteen (16) or older at the time of the commission of the offense:  Prosecution must commence within six (6) years after the commission of the offense if a Class C crime; or within three (3) years after the commission of the offense if a Class D crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 556.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 8.
Indecent Conduct

Indecent Conduct is a Class D or E crime, depending upon the circumstances.

Legal proceedings against the perpetrator must commence within three (3) years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 854.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 8.
Sexual misconduct with a child under 14

This crime is classified as a:

  • Class C crime if offender is at least eighteen (18) years of age, victim is under age twelve (12), and the offender knowingly displays any sexually explicit materials to victim with the intent to encourage victim to engage in a sexual act or sexual conduct; or
  • Class D crime if offender is at least eighteen (18) years of age, victim is under age fourteen (14), and the offender knowingly displays any sexually explicit materials to victim with the intent to encourage victim to engage in a sexual act or sexual conduct.

The statute of limitations for this crime depends on the classification above. 

  1. Legal proceedings against the perpetrator must commence within six (6) years after the commission of the offense if a Class C crime; or
  2. Within three (3) years after the commission of the offense if a Class D crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 258.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 17-A, § 8.
Anything else I should know?
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?






Maryland What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape, first degree

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-303.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Rape, second degree

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-304.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Sexual offense, first degree

This crime was been repealed effective October 1, 2017

This crime was been repealed effective October 1, 2017

Sexual offense, second degree

This crime was been repealed effective October 1, 2017

This crime was been repealed effective October 1, 2017

Sexual offense, third degree

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-307.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Sexual offense, fourth degree
  1. If offender is in a position of authority at a school or the victim was a minor at the time of the offense, then prosecution must commence within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. For other violations of the statute, prosecution must commence within one year after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-308.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Md. Code, Cts. & Jud. Proc. § 5-106(z); In re Anthony R., 362 Md. 51, 73, 763 A.2d 136, 148 (2000).
Attempted rape, first degree

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-309.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Attempted rape, second degree

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-310.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Attempted sexual offense, first degree

This crime was been repealed effective October 1, 2017

This crime was been repealed effective October 1, 2017

Attempted sexual offense, second degree

This crime was been repealed effective October 1, 2017

This crime was been repealed effective October 1, 2017

Sexual conduct between correctional or juvenile justice employee and inmate or confined child

Prosecution must commence within one year after commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-314.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Md. Code, Cts. & Jud. Proc. § 5-106; In re Anthony R., 362 Md. 51, 73, 763 A.2d 136, 148 (2000).
Continuing course of conduct with child

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-315.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Sodomy

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-321.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Unnatural or perverted sexual practice

There is no time limit for prosecution of this offense.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-322.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-322(c); Md. Code, Cts. & Jud. Proc. § 5-106(b).
Incest

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-323.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Sexual solicitation of minors

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-324.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Sexual abuse of a minor

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-602.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Indecent exposure

Prosecution must commence within one year after commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 11-107.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Md. Code, Cts. & Jud. Proc. § 5-106; In re Anthony R., 362 Md. 51, 73, 763 A.2d 136, 148 (2000).
Knowing transfer of HIV

Prosecution must commence within one year after commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Health Gen. § 18-601.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Md. Code, Cts. & Jud. Proc. § 5-106; In re Anthony R., 362 Md. 51, 73, 763 A.2d 136, 148 (2000).
Possession of visual representation of child under 16 engaged in certain sexual acts
  1. For the offender’s first offense, prosecution must commence within one year after commission of the crime; or
  2. If the offender has a prior conviction for this crime, then there is no time limit to commence prosecution.
  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 11-208.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Smallwood v. State, 51 Md.App. at 468, 443 A.2d at 1006 (Md. Sp. App. 1982); Md. Code, Cts. & Jud. Proc. § 5-106; In re Anthony R., 362 Md. 51, 73, 763 A.2d 136, 148 (2000).
Child pornography

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies, such as this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 11-207.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”).
Sex Trafficking

There is no time limit to commence prosecution for any felonies or misdemeanors punishable by imprisonment in penitentiary, such as this crime.  (Although the crime is classified as a felony where the victim is a minor, and a penitentiary misdemeanor if the victim is not a minor, there is no difference with regards to the statute of limitations).

  1. Citation for the crime:  Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-1102.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Md. Code, Cts. & Jud. Proc. § 5-106(b) Massey v. State, 320 Md. 605, 610, 579 A.2d 265, 267 (Md. 1990); State v. Renfro, 223 Md. App. 779 (2015), cert. denied, 445 Md. 6, 122 A.3d 976 (2015) (“Maryland has no statute of limitations on felonies.”); In re Anthony R., 362 Md. 51, 73, 763 A.2d 136, 148 (2000).
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Massachusetts What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Wanton or reckless behavior creating a risk of serious bodily injury or sexual abuse to a child
  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 13L.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Rape
  1. Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within 15 years after commission of the offense;
  2. If the victim is under 16 at the time the crime is committed, the period of limitation for prosecution shall not commence until the victim has reached the age of 16 or the violation is reported to a law enforcement agency, whichever occurs earlier.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 22.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Rape of child (i.e., under 16 years of age)
  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 22A.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Rape of child during commission of certain offenses or by use of force
  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 22B.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Rape of a child through use of force by certain previously convicted offenders
  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, §22C.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Rape and abuse of child
  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 23.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Rape and abuse of child aggravated by age difference between defendant and victim or when committed by mandated reporters
  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime.
  1.  Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 23A.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63
Rape and abuse of child by certain previously convicted offenders
  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 23B.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.    
Assault with intent to commit rape
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 15 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 24.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Assault on child with intent to commit rape
  1. There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 24B.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Enticing away person for prostitution or sexual intercourse
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 6 years after commission of the offense;
  2. If the victim was under 16 at the time of the crime, the time does not begin to run until the victim has reached 16 or the crime is reported to a law enforcement agency, whichever is earlier.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63
Drugging persons for sexual intercourse
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 6 years after commission of the offense;
  2. If the victim was under 16 at the time of the crime, the time does not begin to run until the victim has reached 16 or the crime is reported to a law enforcement agency, whichever is earlier.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Inducing person under 18 to have sexual intercourse
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 6 years after commission of the offense;
  2. If the victim was under 16 at the time of the crime, the time does not begin to run until the victim has reached 16 or the crime is reported to a law enforcement agency, whichever is earlier.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Owner of place inducing or suffering person to resort in such place for sexual intercourse
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 6 years after commission of the offense;
  2. If the victim was under 16 at the time of the crime, the time does not begin to run until the victim has reached 16 or the crime is reported to a law enforcement agency, whichever is earlier.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 6.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Open and gross lewdness and lascivious behavior

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 16 has been found to be unconstitutional.  Scione v. Commonwealth, 481 Mass. 225 (2019).

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 16 has been found to be unconstitutional.  Scione v. Commonwealth, 481 Mass. 225 (2019).

Incestuous marriage or sexual activities
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 10 years after commission of the offense;
  2. If the victim was under 16 at the time of the crime, the time does not begin to run until the victim has reached 16 or the crime is reported to a law enforcement agency, whichever is earlier.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 17.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Crime against nature
  1. Legal proceedings against the perpetrator must commence within 6 years after commission of the offense;
  2. If the victim was under 16 at the time of the crime, the time does not begin to run until the victim has reached 16 or the crime is reported to a law enforcement agency, whichever is earlier.
    1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 34.
    Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Unnatural and lascivious acts
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 6 years after commission of the offense;
  2. If the victim was under 16 at the time of the crime, the time does not begin to run until the victim has reached 16 or the crime is reported to a law enforcement agency, whichever is earlier.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 35.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Unnatural and lascivious acts with child under 16
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 6 years after commission of the offense;
  2. The time does not begin until the victim has reached 16 or the crime is reported to a law enforcement agency, whichever is earlier.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 35A.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.
Trafficking persons for sexual servitude
  1. If the victim is under 18, there is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime;
  2. If the victim is 18 or over, an indictment must be found and filed within 15 years of the commission of the crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 50.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63.    
Inducing minors into prostitution
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 6 years after commission of the offense;
  2. If the victim was under 16 at the time of the crime, the limitations period does not begin until the victim has reached 16 or the crime is reported to a law enforcement agency, whichever is earlier.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 272, § 4A.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 277, § 63. 
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Michigan What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Crime against nature or sodomy
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within six years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.158.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24.
Indecent exposure
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within six years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.335a.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24.
Gross indecency; between male persons
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within six years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.338.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24.
Gross indecency; between female persons
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within six years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.338a.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24.
Gross indecency; between male and female persons
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within six years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.338b.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24.
Criminal sexual conduct, first degree

There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against the perpetrator for this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.520b.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24.
Criminal sexual conduct, second degree
  1. Where the victim is 18 years of age or older, an indictment must be found and filed within 10 years after commission of the offense, or by the victim’s 21st birthday, whichever occurs later, subject to the DNA exception below.  However, where the victim is under 18 years of age, an indictment may be found and filed (subject to the DNA exception below) within 15 years after the offense is committed or by the alleged victim’s 28th birthday, whichever is later.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.520c.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24.
Criminal sexual conduct, third degree
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 10 years after commission of the offense, or by the victim’s 21st birthday, whichever occurs later, subject to the DNA exception below.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.520d.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24.
Criminal sexual conduct, fourth degree
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 10 years after commission of the offense, or by the victim’s 21st birthday, whichever occurs later, subject to the DNA exception below.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.520e.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24.
Assault with intent to commit criminal sexual conduct
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 10 years after commission of the offense, or by the alleged victim’s 21st birthday, whichever occurs later, subject to the DNA exception below.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.520g.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24. 
Female Genital Mutilation
  1. An indictment must be found and filed within 10 years after commission of the offense, or by the alleged victim’s 21st birthday, whichever occurs later, subject to the DNA exception below.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.136.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.24. 
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Minnesota What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sodomy
  1. Following the Supreme Court of the United States’ decision in Lawrence v. Texas, it is unconstitutional to prohibit private sexual conduct between consenting adults. Lawrence v. Texas (2003) 539 U.S. 558.  See also In re Proposed Petition to Recall Hatch, 628 N.W.2d 125 (Minn. 2001).
  2. The Hennepin County District Court found Section 609.293 unconstitutional as applied to private, noncommercial acts by consenting adults in Doe v. Ventura, No. MC 01-489, 2001 WL 543734 (4th Dist. Ct. Hennepin County, May 15, 2001).  In Devescovi v. Ventura, 195 F. Supp. 2d 1146 (D. Minn. 2002), the United States District Court found that, since the decision was not appealed, the Hennepin County District Court decision is binding state law.
  1. Citation for the crime: Minn. Stat. § 609.293.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Minn. Stat. § 628.26.
Criminal sexual conduct, first degree
  1. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, either nine years after commission of the offense or within three years after the offense was reported to law enforcement authorities, whichever is later; or
  2. If the victim is 18 or over, prosecution must commence within nine years after the commission of the offense; or
  3. If DNA evidence was collected and preserved, prosecution may commence at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Minn. Stat. § 609.342.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Minn. Stat. § 628.26.
Criminal sexual conduct, second degree
  1. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, either nine years after commission of the offense or within three years after the offense was reported to law enforcement authorities, whichever is later; or
  2. If the victim is 18 or over, prosecution must commence within nine years after the commission of the offense; or
  3. If DNA evidence was collected and preserved, prosecution may commence at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Minn. Stat. § 609.343.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Minn. Stat. § 628.26.
Criminal sexual conduct, third degree
  1. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, either nine years after commission of the offense or within three years after the offense was reported to law enforcement authorities, whichever is later; or
  2. If the victim is 18 or over, prosecution must commence within nine years after the commission of the offense; or
  3. If DNA evidence was collected and preserved, prosecution may commence at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Minn. Stat. § 609.344.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Minn. Stat. § 628.26.
Criminal sexual conduct, fourth degree
  1. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, either nine years after commission of the offense or within three years after the offense was reported to law enforcement authorities, whichever is later; or
  2. If the victim is 18 or over, prosecution must commence within three years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Minn. Stat. § 609.345.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Minn. Stat. § 628.26.
Criminal sexual conduct, fifth degree
  1. Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within three years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Minn. Stat. § 609.3451.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Minn. Stat. § 628.26.
Criminal sexual predatory conduct
  1. Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within three years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Minn. Stat. § 609.3453.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Minn. Stat. § 628.26.
Solicitation of Children to Engage in Sexual Conduct, Communication of Sexually Explicit Materials to Children
  1. Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within three years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime:  Minn. Stat. § 609.352.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations:  Minn. Stat. § 628.26.
Incest
  1. Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within three years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Minn. Stat. § 609.365.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Minn. Stat. § 628.26.
Female genital mutilation
  1. Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within three years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Minn. Stat. § 609.2245.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Minn. Stat. § 628.26.
Soliciting, Inducement, and Promotion of Prostitution; Sex Trafficking
  1. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, either nine years after commission of the offense or within three years after the offense was reported to law enforcement authorities, whichever is later; or
  2. If the victim is 18 or over, prosecution must commence within nine years after the commission of the offense; or
  3. If DNA evidence was collected and preserved, prosecution may commence at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Minn. Stat. § 609.322.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Minn. Stat. § 628.26. 
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Mississippi What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Statutory rape; drugging; spousal rape
  1. There is no statute of limitations for prosecutions for rape.
  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-3-65.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
  3. Op.Atty.Gen. No. 2008-00673, Greenlee, January 23, 2009, 2009 WL 367663—The crime of statutory rape under § 97-3-65 does fall within the definition of “rape” as used in § 99-1-5, and statutory rape is not subject to the two-year statute of limitation contained in § 99-1-5.  See also Azomani v. State, 222 So. 3d 282, 286 (Miss. 2017) (“[E]ven though statutory rape was not expressly set out in Section99-1-5, ‘it is within the definition of rape for purposes of the exceptions to the general two-year statute of limitations.’”).
Assault with intent to ravish
  1. Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-3-71.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Sexual battery (includes rape)
  1. No limit for sexual battery of a child (§ 97-3-95 (1)(c), (1)(d), and (2)) when: (a) victim is at least 14 but under 16 and offender is at least three years older than victim; (b) victim is under 14 and offender is at least two years older than victim; or (c) victim is under 18 and offender is in a position of trust or authority over the child; otherwise
  2. Within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-3-95.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Sex between law-enforcement or correctional officer or employee and offender

Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-3-104.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Disseminating sexual material to children; computer luring
  • Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-5-27.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Publicly displaying sexually oriented materials

Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-5-29.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Depicting child engaging in sexual conduct

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-5-33.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Carnal knowledge of certain children (e.g., stepchildren and adopted child)

Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-5-41.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Sex between teacher and pupil

Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-29-3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Incest

Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-29-5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Sex between guardian and ward

Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-29-7.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Incestuous marriages

Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-29-27.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Indecent exposure

Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-29-31.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Sodomy

Legal proceedings against perpetrator must commence within two years after the commission of the offense.

  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-29-59.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Fondling child
  1. There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Miss. Code § 97-5-23.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Miss. Code § 99-1-5.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Missouri What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
First degree rape and attempted first degree rape

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.030.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.036.
Statutory rape and attempt to commit statutory rape, first degree

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.032.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.037.
Statutory rape, second degree

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.034.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.037.
First degree sodomy

There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings for this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.060.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.036.
Statutory sodomy, first degree

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.062.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.037.
Statutory sodomy, second degree

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.064.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.037.
Child molestation, first degree

There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings for this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.067.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.037.
Child molestation, second degree

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.068.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations:  Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.037, 589.400, 568.060.
Sexual misconduct involving a child

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.083.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.037, 589.400, 568.060.
Sexual contact with a student while on public school property
  1. If the crime involves a victim under 18 years of age, then legal proceedings may be commenced at any time; otherwise
  2. Legal proceedings must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
    1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.086.
    Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.036, 556.037.
Sexual misconduct, first degree, penalties
  1. If the crime involves a victim under 18 years of age, then legal proceedings may be commenced at any time; otherwise
  2. Legal proceedings must commence within one year after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.093.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.036, 56.037.
Sexual misconduct, second degree, penalties
  1. If the crime involves a victim under 18 years of age, then legal proceedings may be commenced at any time; otherwise
  2. Legal proceedings must commence within one year after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.095.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.036, 556.037.
Sexual contact with prisoner or offender
  1. If the crime involves a victim under 18 years of age, then legal proceedings may be commenced at any time; otherwise
  2. Legal proceedings must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.145.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.036, 556.037. 
Enticement of a child, penalties

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.151.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.037.
Sexual trafficking of a child--penalty

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 566.210 and 566.211.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.037.
Incest
  1. If the crime involves a victim under 18 years of age, then legal proceedings may be commenced; otherwise
  2. Legal proceedings must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 568.020.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.036, 556.037.
Genital mutilation of a female child, penalty—affirmative defenses

There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Mo. Rev. Stat. § 573.200.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations:  Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.0376, 556.03400(1)(2)7.
Child used in sexual performance, penalties

There is no time limit to commence legal proceedings for this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Mo. Rev. Stat. § 573.200.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations:  Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.037, 556.0400(1)(2). Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.036, 556.037.
Promoting sexual performance by a child, penalties

There is no time limit for commencing legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime:  Mo. Rev. Stat. § 573.205.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations:  Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.037, 556.0400(1)(2).Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.036, 556.037.
Second degree rape
  1. If the crime involves a victim under 18 years of age, then legal proceedings may be commenced at any time; otherwise
  2. Legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.032.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 556.037.
Second degree sodomy
  1. If the crime involves a victim under 18 years of age, then legal proceedings may be commenced at any time; otherwise
  2. Legal proceedings must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.061.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.036, 556.037.
Sexual abuse, first degree
  1. If the crime involves a victim under 18 years of age, then legal proceedings may be commenced at any time; otherwise
  2. Legal proceedings must commence within three years after commission of the offense.e.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.100.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.036, 556.037. 
Sexual abuse, second degree
  1. If the crime involves a victim under 18 years of age, then legal proceedings may be commenced at any time; otherwise
  2. If the crime is an aggravated sexual offense, then it is a felony, and proceedings must commence within three years after commission of the offense; or
  3. If the crime is not an aggravated sexual offense, then it is a misdemeanor, and proceedings must commence within one year after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mo. Rev. Stat. § 566.101.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 556.036, 556.037.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Montana What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual assault
  1. Legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense for felony offenses; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time (applies to offenses after May 7, 2019).
  1. Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-502.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.
Sexual intercourse without consent
  1. Legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense for felony offenses; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time (applies to offenses after May 7, 2019).
  1. Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-503.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.
Indecent exposure
  1. Legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime must commence within 5 years after commission of the offense for felony offenses; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-504.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.
Deviate sexual conduct
  1. Legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense if a felony; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within one year after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-8-218.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.
Incest
  1. If the victim is under 16 years of age and the offender is 3 or more years older than the victim or if the offender inflicts bodily injury upon anyone in the course of committing incest, then legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime must commence within 10 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  3. If committed against an adult, then legal proceedings must commence within 5 years.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-507.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.
Sexual abuse of children
  1. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-625.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.
Ritual abuse of minors
  1. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-627.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Aggravated sexual intercourse without consent
  1. A prosecution for a felony must be commenced within 5 years after it is committed
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time (applies to offenses after May 7, 2019).
  1. Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-508.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.
Promoting prostitution
  1. Legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime must commence within 5 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-602
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.
Aggravated promotion of prostitution
  1. Legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime must commence within 5 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  • Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-603.

  • Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.

Sexual servitude
  1. Legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime must commence within 5 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  1.  Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-704.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.
Patronizing victim of sexual servitude
  1. Legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime must commence within 5 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time the offense occurred, a prosecution may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: Mont. Code § 45-5-705.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Mont. Code § 45-1-205.






Nebraska What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual assault, first degree
  1. There is no time limit to begin legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-319.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Sexual assault of a child, first degree
  1. There is no time limit to begin legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-319.01.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Sexual assault, second or third degree
  1. There is no time limit to begin legal proceedings against a perpetrator of (a) sexual assault in the second degree, or (b) sexual assault in the third degree when the victim is under 16 years of age at the time of the offense.
  2. Otherwise, for sexual assault in the third degree, legal proceedings against the perpetrator must commence within one year and six months of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-320.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Sexual assault of a child, second or third degree
  1. There is no time limit to begin legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-320.01.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Sexual assault; use of electronic communication device
  1. For all felonies, (i) indictment must be found by a grand jury within three years after commission of the offense, or (ii) a complaint must be filed within three years after commission of the offense, and a warrant for arrest of defendant must have been issued.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28.320.02.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Sexual abuse of an inmate or parolee, first degree
  • For all felonies, (i) indictment must be found by a grand jury within three years after commission of the offense, or (ii) a complaint must be filed within three years after commission of the offense, and a warrant for arrest of defendant must have been issued.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-322.02.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Sexual abuse of an inmate or parolee, second degree
  1. For all felonies, (i) indictment must be found by a grand jury within three years after commission of the offense, or (ii) a complaint must be filed within three years after commission of the offense, and a warrant for arrest of defendant must have been issued.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-322.03.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Sexual abuse of a protected individual (an individual in the care or custody of the Department of Health and Human Services)
  1. For all felonies, (i) indictment must be found by a grand jury within three years after commission of the offense, or (ii) a complaint must be filed within three years after commission of the offense, and a warrant for arrest of defendant must have been issued.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-322.04.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Incest
  1. There is no time limit to begin legal proceedings against a perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-703.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Child Abuse
  1. If the victim is under 16 years of age at the time of the offense, (i) the indictment must be found by a grand jury within seven years after commission of the offense or within seven years after the victim’s 16th birthday, whichever is later, or (ii) a complaint must be filed within seven years after commission of the offense or within seven years after the victim’s 16th birthday, whichever is later, and a warrant for arrest of defendant must have been issued.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-707.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Pandering
  1. If the victim is under 16 years of age at the time of the offense, (i) the indictment must be found by a grand jury within seven years after commission of the offense or within seven years after the victim’s 16th birthday, whichever is later, or (ii) a complaint must be filed within seven years after commission of the offense or within seven years after the victim’s 16th birthday, whichever is later, and a warrant for arrest of defendant must have been issued.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-802.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Debauching a minor
  1. If the victim is under 16 years of age at the time of the offense, (i) the indictment must be found by a grand jury within seven years after commission of the offense or within seven years after the victim’s 16th birthday, whichever is later, or (ii) a complaint must be filed within seven years after commission of the offense or within seven years after the victim’s 16th birthday, whichever is later, and a warrant for arrest of defendant must have been issued.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-805.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Sexually explicit conduct; visual depiction
  1. The indictment must be found by a grand jury within seven years after commission of the offense or within seven years after the victim’s 18th birthday, whichever is later; or a complaint must be filed within seven years after commission of the offense or within seven years next after the victim’s 18th birthday, whichever is later, and a warrant for arrest of defendant must have been issued.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-813.01.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Sex trafficking; sex trafficking of a minor
  1. There is no time limit to begin legal proceedings against a perpetrator of the crime of sex trafficking of a minor.
  2. If (a) the victim of sex trafficking is not a minor or (b) any person, other than a trafficking victim, knowingly benefits from or participates in a venture which has, as part of the venture, an act of sexual trafficking:
    • the indictment must be found by a grand jury within seven years after commission of the offense or within seven years next after the victim’s 18th birthday, whichever is later, or
    • a complaint must be filed within seven years after commission of the offense or within seven years next after the victim’s 18th birthday, whichever is later, and a warrant for arrest of defendant must have been issued.
  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-831.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.
Sexual abuse of a detainee
  1. For all felonies, (1) indictment must be found by a grand jury within three years after commission of the offense, or (2) a complaint must be filed within three years after commission of the offense, and a warrant for arrest of defendant must have been issued.

 

Note: Prior version had been held unconstitutional by Doe v. Nebraska, 898 F.Supp.2d 1086 (D. Neb. 2012).  Current version has been introduced by Laws 2019, LB 519, § 8, eff. Sept. 1, 2019.

  1. Citation for the crime: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-322.05.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-110.






Nevada What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual assault
  1. No limitation for sexual assault if victim files a written report during the period of limitation prescribed in § 171.085  and § 171.095;
  2. § 171.085: Sexual assault must be found, or an information or complaint filed, within twenty years after commission of the offense; or
  3. § 171.095: If sexual abuse against a child, before the victim is 36 if victim discovers or reasonably should have discovered that she/he was a victim of sexual abuse by the date she/he reaches 36; or before the victim is 43 if she/he does not discover and reasonably should not have discovered that she/he was a victim of the sexual abuse by the date she/he reached 36.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 200.366.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085; Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.083; Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.095.
Statutory sexual seduction
  1. If a felony, within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a gross misdemeanor, within 2 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. §200.368.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085; Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.090.
Promotion of sexual performance of minor unlawful
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 200.720.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Preparing, advertising or distributing materials depicting pornography involving minor unlawful
  • Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 200.725.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Use of Internet to control visual presentation depicting sexual conduct of person under 16 years of age
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 200.727.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Possession of visual presentation depicting sexual conduct of person under 16 years of age unlawful
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 200.730.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Incest
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.180.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Commission of certain sexual acts in public
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.190.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Open or gross lewdness
  1. If a felony, within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a gross misdemeanor, within 2 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.210.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085; Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.090.
Indecent or obscene exposure; penalty
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense if a felony; or
  2. If gross misdemeanor, within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.220.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat § 171.085; Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.090.
Sexual conduct between certain employees of school or volunteers at school and pupil
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. §201.540.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Sexual conduct between certain employees of college or university and student
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. §201.550.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Sexual Penetration of Dead Human Body
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. §201.450.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Intentional transmission of HIV
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.205.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Luring children or persons with mental illness
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a gross misdemeanor, within 2 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.560.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085; Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.090.
Lewdness with child under 16 years
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.230.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Unlawful to use minor in producing pornography or as subject of sexual portrayal in performance
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 200.710.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Sexual conduct with person under arrest or currently detained by law enforcement officer
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Nev. Rev. Stat. SB 383 §1.5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Nev. Rev. Stat. § 171.085.






New Hampshire What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Aggravated felonious sexual assault
  1. Within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 22 years of victim’s eighteenth birthday.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 632-A:2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 625:8.
Felonious sexual assault
  1. Within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 22 years of victim’s eighteenth birthday.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 632-A:3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 625:8.
Sexual Assault
  1. Within one year after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 22 years of victim’s eighteenth birthday.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 632-A:4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 625:8.
Incest
  1. Within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 22 years of victim’s eighteenth birthday.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 639:2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 625:8.
Indecent Exposure
  1. Within six years after commission of the offense if a Class A or B felony; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within one year after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 645:1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.H. Rev. Stat. § 625:8.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






New Jersey What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual Assault
  1. There is no time limit for sexual assault or aggravated sexual assault.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.J. Stat. § 2C:14-2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.J. Stat. § 2C:1-6.
Lewdness
  1. Within one year after commission of the offense if a disorderly persons offense; or
  2. Within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.J. Stat. § 2C:14-4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.J. Stat. § 2C:1-6.
Endangering welfare of children
  1. Within five years after commission of the offense; or
  2. When victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within five years after victim reaches the age of 18 or within two years after discovery of the offense by the victim, whichever occurs later.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.J. Stat. § 2C:24-4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.J. Stat. § 2C:1-6.
Criminal Sexual Contact
  1. Within five years after commission of the offense; or
  2. When victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within five years after victim reaches the age of 18 or within two years after discovery of the offense by the victim, whichever occurs later.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.J. Stat. § 2C:14-3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.J. Stat. § 2C:1-6.
Invasion of privacy; observation of sexual contact; reproduction or disclosure of images of sexual contact; dressing rooms; defenses
  1. Within one year after commission of the offense if a disorderly persons offense; or
  2. Within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.J. Stat. § 2C:14-9.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.J. Stat. § 2C:1-6.
Genital mutilation of females under 18 years of age
  1. Within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.J. Stat. § 2C:24-10.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.J. Stat. § 2C:1-6.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






New Mexico What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Enticement of child

This crime is a misdemeanor.

  1. Within two years after commission of the crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.M. Stat. § 30-9-1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.M. Stat. § 30-1-8.
Criminal sexual penetration

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a first degree felony, no statute of limitations; or
  2. If a second degree felony, within six years after commission of the offense; or
  3. If a third or fourth degree felony, within five years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.M. Stat. § 30-9-11.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.M. Stat. § 30-1-8.
Criminal sexual contact

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a fourth degree felony, within five years after the commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.M. Stat. § 30-9-12.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.M. Stat. § 30-1-8.
Criminal sexual contact of a minor

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a second degree felony, within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a third or fourth degree felony, within five years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.M. Stat. § 30-9-13.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.M. Stat. § 30-1-8.
Incest

This crime is a third degree felony.

  1. Within five years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.M. Stat. § 30-10-3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.M. Stat. § 30-1-8.
Indecent Exposure

This crime is a misdemeanor.

  1. Within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.M. Stat. § 30-9-14.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.M. Stat. § 30-1-8.
Sexual exploitation of children

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a second degree felony, within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a third or fourth degree felony, within five years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.M. Stat. § 30-6A-3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.M. Stat. § 30-1-8.
Sexual exploitation of children by prostitution

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a first degree felony, no statute of limitations; or
  2. If a second degree felony, within six years after commission of the offense; or
  3. If a third degree felony, within five years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.M. Stat. § 30-6A-4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.M. Stat. § 30-1-8.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






New York What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual misconduct

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.20.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Rape, third degree

This crime is a Class E felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within ten years after commission of the offense [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise 5 years]; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after  September 18, 2019, otherwise the time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.25.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Rape, second degree

This crime is a Class D felony.

  1. If victim is incapable of consent by reason of being mentally disabled or mentally incapacitated, then criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within twenty years after commission of the offense or within ten years from when the offense is first reported to law enforcement, whichever occurs earlier; or
  2. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense [for offenses committed before September 18, 2019]; and
  3. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for acts committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until the age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.30.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Rape, first degree

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. There is no time limit to commence a criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.35.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Criminal sexual act, third degree

This crime is a Class E felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within ten years after commission of the offense [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019]; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.40.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Criminal sexual act, second degree

This crime is a Class D felony.

  1. If victim is incapable of consent by reason of being mentally disabled or mentally incapacitated, then criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within twenty years after commission of the offense or within ten years from when the offense is first reported to law enforcement, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019]; or
  2. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense[for offenses committed before September 18, 2019]; and
  3. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise the time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.45.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Criminal sexual act, first degree

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. There is no time limit to commence a criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.50.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Forcible touching

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.52.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Persistent sexual abuse

This crime is a Class E felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.53.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Sexual abuse, third degree

This crime is a Class B misdemeanor.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.55.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Sexual abuse, second degree

This crime is a Class A misdemeanor.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.60.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Sexual abuse, first degree

This crime is a Class D felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.65.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Aggravated sexual abuse, fourth degree

This crime is a Class E felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.65-a.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Aggravated sexual abuse, third degree

This crime is a Class D felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.66.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Aggravated sexual abuse, second degree

This crime is a Class C felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.67.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Aggravated sexual abuse, first degree

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. There is no time limit to commence a criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.70.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Course of sexual conduct against a child, first degree

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. There is no time limit to commence a criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.75.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Course of sexual conduct against a child, second degree

This crime is a Class D felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the most recent act of sexual conduct; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.80.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Female genital mutilation

This crime is a Class E felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.85.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Facilitating a sex offense with a controlled substance

This crime is a Class D felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.90.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Predatory sexual assault

This crime is a Class A-II felony.

  1. There is no time limit to commence a criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.95.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Predatory sexual assault against a child

This crime is a Class A-II felony.

  1. There is no time limit to commence a criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.96.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Incest, third degree

This crime is a Class E felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 255.25.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Incest, second degree

This crime is a Class D felony.

  1. If victim is incapable of consent by reason of being mentally disabled or mentally incapacitated, then criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within twenty years after commission of the offense or within ten years from when the offense is first reported to law enforcement, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019]; or
  2. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense [for offenses committed before September 18, 2019]; and
  3. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 255.26.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Incest, first degree

This crime is a Class B felony.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime may be commenced at any time.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 255.27.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Sexually motivated felony

A felony, as further defined by the specified offenses in the statute.

  1. A criminal action against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within five years after commission of the offense; and
  2. If against a victim that was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, the period of limitations does not begin to run until victim has reached the age of 23 or the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or statewide central register of child abuse and maltreatment, whichever occurs earlier [for offenses committed after September 18, 2019, otherwise time tolls until age 18].
  1. Citation for the crime: N.Y. Penal Law § 130.91.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 30.10.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






North Carolina What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
First-degree forcible rape
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.21.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Statutory rape of a child by an adult
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.23.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Second-degree forcible rape
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.22.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
First-degree forcible sexual offense
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.26.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Statutory sexual offense with a child by an adult
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.28.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Second degree forcible sexual offense
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. §14-27.27.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Sexual battery

This crime is a misdemeanor.

  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.33.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15-1.
Statutory rape of person who is 15 years of age or younger
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.25.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Incest
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-178.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Taking indecent liberties with children
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-202.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Indecent liberties between children

This crime is a misdemeanor.

  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-202.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15-1.
Taking indecent liberties with a student
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-202.4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
First-degree statutory rape
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.24.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Statutory sexual offense with a person who is 15 years of age or younger
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.30.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973). 
First-degree statutory sexual offense
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.29.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973). 
Solicitation of child by computer or certain other electronic devices to commit an unlawful sex act
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-202.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
First degree sexual exploitation of a minor

No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-190.16.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Second degree sexual exploitation of a minor
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-190.17.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Third degree sexual exploitation of a minor
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-190.17A.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973).
Sexual activity by a substitute parent or custodian

No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.

  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.31.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973). 
Sexual activity with a student
  1. No statute of limitations for any felony, including this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-27.32.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin, 201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973). 
Anything else I should know?
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Indecent Exposure

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a felony, no statute of limitations; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within 2 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-190.9.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Hardin201 S.E.2d 74 (N.C. Ct. App. 1973) and N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15-1.






North Dakota What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Gross sexual imposition
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If prosecuting under subdivision a of subsection 1 of this section (compelling “victim to submit by force or by threat of imminent death, serious bodily injury, or kidnapping”), prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within seven years after commission of the offense; or
  3. If the victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 21 years after commission of the offense or, if victim failed to report the offense within this limitation period, within three years after offense was reported to law enforcement authorities. 
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-03.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-02.1 and § 29-04-03.1.
Continuous sexual abuse of a child
  1. If the victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 21 years after commission of the offense or, if victim failed to report the offense within this limitation period, within three years after offense was reported to law enforcement authorities.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-03.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-03.1 and § 29-04-02.
Sexual imposition
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 21 years after commission of the offense or, if victim failed to report the offense within this limitation period, within three years after offense was reported to law enforcement authorities.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-04.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-03.1.
Corruption or solicitation of minors
  1. If the victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 21 years after commission of the offense or, if victim failed to report the offense within this limitation period, within three years after offense was reported to law enforcement authorities
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-05.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-03 and § 29-04-03.1.
Luring minors by computer or other electronic means
  1. If the victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 21 years after commission of the offense or, if victim failed to report the offense within this limitation period, within three years after offense was reported to law enforcement authorities; or
  2. If a felony, within three years after commission of the offense; or
  3. If a misdemeanor, within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-05.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-03 and § 29-04-03.1.
Sexual abuse of wards
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 21 years after commission of the offense or, if victim failed to report the offense within this limitation period, within three years after offense was reported to law enforcement authorities.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-06.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-03.1.
Sexual exploitation by therapist
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 21 years after commission of the offense or, if victim failed to report the offense within this limitation period, within three years after offense was reported to law enforcement authorities.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-06.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-03.1.
Fornication
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 21 years after commission of the offense or, if victim failed to report the offense within this limitation period, within three years after offense was reported to law enforcement authorities.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-08.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-03 and § 29-04-03.1.
Incest
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 21 years after commission of the offense or, if victim failed to report the offense within this limitation period, within three years after offense was reported to law enforcement authorities.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-11.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-03.1.
Deviate sexual act
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-12.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-03.
Sexual assault
  1. If the victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, within 21 years after commission of the offense or, if victim failed to report the offense within this limitation period, within three years after offense was reported to law enforcement authorities; or
  2. If a felony, within three years after commission of the offense; or
  3. If a misdemeanor, within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-07.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-03 and § 29-04-03.1.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Indecent Exposure

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a felony, within 3 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within 2 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-12.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-03.
Surreptitious intrusion

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a felony, within 3 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within 2 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-12.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-03.
Sexual Extortion

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

 

  1. If a felony, within 3 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within 2 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-12.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02 and § 29-04-03.
Bigamy
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-13.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: N.D. Cent. Code § 29-04-02.






Ohio What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 25 years after commission, conspiracy, complicity, or attempt to commit the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2907.02.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2901.13.
Sexual battery
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 25 years after commission, conspiracy, complicity, or attempt to commit the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2907.03.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2901.13.
Unlawful sexual conduct with minor
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 20 years after commission, conspiracy, complicity, or attempt to commit the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2907.04.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2901.13.
Gross sexual imposition
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 20 years after commission, conspiracy, complicity, or attempt to commit the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2907.05.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2901.13.
Sexual imposition
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 2 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2907.06.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2901.13.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Importuning
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 6 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2907.07.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2901.13.
Voyeurism

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a felony, within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within 2 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2907.08.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2901.13.
Public indecency

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a felony, within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within 2 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2907.09.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2901.13.






Oklahoma What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Incest
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense (when the victim is over 16 years of age).
  1. Citation for the crime: Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 885.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 152.
Forcible sodomy
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence by the 45th birthday of the alleged victim. Prosecutions for such crimes committed against victims 18 years of age or older shall be commenced within 12 years after discovery of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 888.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 152.
Rape in first degree -- second degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence by the 45th birthday of the alleged victim. Prosecutions for such crimes committed against victims 18 years of age or older shall be commenced within 12 years after discovery of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 1114.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 152.
Lewd or indecent proposals or acts as to a child under 16 or person believed to be under 16; sexual battery
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence by the 45th birthday of the alleged victim. Prosecutions for such crimes committed against victims 18 years of age or older shall be commenced within 12 years after discovery of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 1123.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 152.
Crime Against Nature
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence by the 45th birthday of the alleged victim. Prosecutions for such crimes committed against victims 18 years of age or older shall be commenced within 12 years after discovery of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 886.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 152. 
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Rape by Instrumentation
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence by the 45th birthday of the alleged victim. Prosecutions for such crimes committed against victims 18 years of age or older shall be commenced within 12 years after discovery of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 1111.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 152.
Indecent Exposure-Indecent Exhibitions-Obscene Material or Child Pornography-Solicitation of Minors
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 1021.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 152.






Oregon What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape, third degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30 or within 12 years after offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the Department of Human Services, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.355.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Rape, second degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30 or within 12 years after offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the Department of Human Services, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.365.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Rape, first degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within twelve years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.375.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Sodomy, second degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30 or within 12 years after offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the Department of Human Services, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.395.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Sodomy, first degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within twelve years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.405.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Unlawful sexual penetration, second degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30 or within 12 years after offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the Department of Human Services, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.408.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Unlawful sexual penetration, first degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within twelve years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.411.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Sexual abuse, third degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within four years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 22 or within four years after offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the Department of Human Services, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.415.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Sexual abuse, second degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30 or within 12 years after offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the Department of Human Services, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.425.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Sexual abuse, first degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within twelve years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.427.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Contributing to the sexual delinquency of a minor
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.435.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Sexual misconduct
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.445.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Custodial sexual misconduct, first degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.452.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Custodial sexual misconduct, second degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.454.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Unlawful contact with a child
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.479.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Incest
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30 or within 12 years after offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the Department of Human Services, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.525.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Sodomy, third degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30 or within 12 years after offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the Department of Human Services, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.385.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Purchasing sex with a minor
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.413.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.      
Online sexual corruption of a child, second degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.432.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Online sexual corruption of a child, first degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.433.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Public indecency

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a felony, within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.465.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Private indecency
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.467.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Unlawful dissemination of an intimate image

The statute of limitations depends on the classification of the crime.

  1. If a felony, within three years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If a misdemeanor, within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.472.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Unlawfully being in a location where children regularly congregate
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.476.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Using child in display of sexually explicit conduct
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30 or within 12 years after offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the Department of Human Services, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.670.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Encouraging child sexual abuse, first degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within six years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If victim was under 18 at the time of commission of the offense, any time before victim reaches 30 or within 12 years after offense is reported to a law enforcement agency or the Department of Human Services, whichever occurs first.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.684.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Encouraging child sexual abuse, second degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.686.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.
Encouraging child sexual abuse, third degree
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.687.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Or. Rev. Stat. § 131.125.






Pennsylvania What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 12 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If committed against a minor under 18, prosecution must commence by the later of the period of limitation provided by law after the minor has reached 18 years of age or the date the minor reaches 50 years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3121.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Statutory sexual assault
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 12 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If committed against a minor under 18, prosecution must commence by the later of the period of limitation provided by law after the minor has reached 18 years of age or the date the minor reaches 50 years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3122.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Involuntary deviate sexual intercourse
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 12 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If committed against a minor under 18, prosecution must commence by the later of the period of limitation provided by law after the minor has reached 18 years of age or the date the minor reaches 50 years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3123.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Sexual assault
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 12 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If committed against a minor under 18, prosecution must commence by the later of the period of limitation provided by law after the minor has reached 18 years of age or the date the minor reaches 50 years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3124.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Institutional sexual assault
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3124.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Aggravated indecent assault
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 12 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If committed against a minor under 18, prosecution must commence by the later of the period of limitation provided by law after the minor has reached 18 years of age or the date the minor reaches 50 years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3125.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Indecent assault
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If committed against a minor under 18, prosecution must commence by the later of the period of limitation provided by law after the minor has reached 18 years of age or the date the minor reaches 50 years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3126.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Incest
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 12 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If committed against a minor under 18, prosecution must commence by the later of the period of limitation provided by law after the minor has reached 18 years of age or the date the minor reaches 50 years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 4302.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Sexual abuse of children
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 12 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If committed against a minor under 18, prosecution must commence by the later of the period of limitation provided by law after the minor has reached 18 years of age or the date the minor reaches 50 years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 6312.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Sexual exploitation of children
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  2. If committed against a minor under 18, prosecution must commence by the later of the period of limitation provided by law after the minor has reached 18 years of age or the date the minor reaches 50 years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 6320.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Unlawful contact with a minor

A violation of this crime is classified as the more severe of either a third degree felony or other applicable sexual offense with which the perpetrator may be charged.

  1. If this crime is classified at a level equal to another applicable sexual offense, please see that sexual offense for the corresponding statute of limitations; or
  2. If this crime is classified as a third degree felony, then proceedings against the perpetrator must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 6318.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Sexual assault by sports official, volunteer, or employee of nonprofit association
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3124.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?
Indecent exposure
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If committed against a minor under 18, prosecution must commence by the later of the period of limitation provided by law after the minor has reached 18 years of age or the date the minor reaches 50 years of age.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3127.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Sexual intercourse with animal
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3129.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Conduct relating to sex offenders
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.

 

 

  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3130.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Unlawful dissemination of intimate image
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.

 

 

  1. Citation for the crime: 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3131.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5552.
Female Mutilation
  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within two years after commission of the offense.






Puerto Rico What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual Assault

This crime is a felony.

  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 20 years after the commission of the offense.
  2. If the victim has not yet turned 18 years old, the statute of limitations will not begin to run until the victim turns 18 years old.
  1. Citation for the crime: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012-Article 130 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5191).
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012 - Articles 87 and 89 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5132 and § 5134).
Incest

This crime is a felony.

  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 20 years after the commission of the offense.
  2. If the victim has not yet turned 18 years old, the statute of limitations will not begin to run until the victim turns 18 years old.
  1. Citation for the crime: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012-Article 131 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5192).
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012 - Articles 87 and 89 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5132 and § 5134).
Lewd Acts

This crime is a felony.

  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 20 years after the commission of the offense.
  2. If the victim has not yet turned 18 years old, the statute of limitations will not begin to run until the victim turns 18 years old.
  1. Citation for the crime: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012-Article 133 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5194).
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012 - Articles 87 and 89 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5132 and § 5134).
Bestiality

This crime is a felony.

  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 5 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012-Article 134 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5195).
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012 - Articles 87 and 89 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5132 and § 5134).
Sexual Harassment

This crime is a misdemeanor.

  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 1 year after the commission of the offense, but if the crime was committed by a public officer or public employee during the course of his/her public duties, then prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 5 years after the commission of the offense.
  2. If the victim has not yet turned 18 years old, the statute of limitations will not begin to run until the victim turns 18 years old.
  1. Citation for the crime: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012-Article 135 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5196).
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012 - Articles 87 and 89 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5132 and § 5134).
Seduction of Minors Through the Internet or Electronic Means

This crime is a felony.

  1. Prosecution against the perpetrator of this crime must commence within 5 years after the commission of the offense.
  2. If the victim has not yet turned 18 years old, the statute of limitations will not begin to run until the victim turns 18 years old.
  1. Citation for the crime: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012-Article 124 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5183).
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012 - Articles 87 and 89 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5132 and § 5134).
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?

Anything else I should know?
Puerto Rico
  • Puerto Rico Penal Code 2012 - Article 89 (33 L.P.R.A. § 5134). Calculation of statute of limitations:
    • The time period for calculation of the statute of limitations will run from the day that the crime was committed until the day that probable cause is determined for the arrest or the citation.  In the cases of felonies where the victim has not yet turned 18 years old, the statute of limitations will not begin to run until the victim turns 18 years old.





Rhode Island What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual assault, first degree
  1. No time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-37-2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: R.I. Gen. Laws § 12-12-17.
Sexual assault, second degree
  1. Within three years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-37-4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: R.I. Gen. Laws § 12-12-17.
Sexual assault, third degree
  1. Within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-37-6.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: R.I. Gen. Laws § 12-12-17.
Child molestation sexual assault, first degree
  1. No time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-37-8.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: R.I. Gen. Laws § 12-12-17.
Child molestation sexual assault, second degree
  1. No time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-37-8.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: R.I. Gen. Laws § 12-12-17.
Anything else I should know?
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?






South Carolina What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Criminal sexual conduct, first degree
  1. No statute of limitations for criminal offenses.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.C. Code Ann. § 16-3-652.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: No statute of limitations for sexual offenses.
Criminal sexual conduct, second degree
  1. No statute of limitations for criminal offenses.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.C. Code Ann. § 16-3-653.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: No statute of limitations for sexual offenses.
Criminal sexual conduct, third degree
  1. No statute of limitations for criminal offenses.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.C. Code Ann. § 16-3-654.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: No statute of limitations for sexual offenses.
Criminal sexual conduct with a minor; aggravating and mitigating circumstances; penalties; repeat offenders
  1. No statute of limitations for criminal offenses.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.C. Code Ann. § 16-3-655.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: No statute of limitations for sexual offenses.
Sexual battery with a student
  1. No statute of limitations for criminal offenses.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.C. Code Ann. § 16-3-755.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: No statute of limitations for sexual offenses.
Incest
  1. No statute of limitations for criminal offenses.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.C. Code Ann. § 16-15-20.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: No statute of limitations for sexual offenses.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






South Dakota What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape
  • Rape in the first degree is a Class C felony if sexual penetration occurs with a victim under 13.
  • Rape in the second degree is a Class 1 felony if sexual penetration occurs through the use of force, coercion, or threats of immediate and great bodily harm against victim or other persons within victim’s presence, accompanied by apparent power of execution.
  • Rape in the third degree is a Class 2 felony if sexual penetration occurs and victim is incapable of giving consent to such act because of physical or mental incapacity, or any intoxicating, narcotic, or anesthetic agent or hypnosis.
  • Rape in the fourth degree is a Class 3 felony if sexual penetration occurs and victim is at least 13 but under 16, and offender is at least three years older than victim.

The statute of limitation depends on the degree and class of the crime:

  1. No time limit for first or second degree rape.
  2. No time limit for a Class C felony. 
  3. For third or fourth degree rape, within seven years after commission of the offense or any time prior to the date victim reaches 25, whichever period is longer.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-1; S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Sexual contact with person under 16

This crime is a: (a) Class 1 misdemeanor if victim is at least 13 years of age and offender is less than five years older than victim; and (b) Class 3 felony if victim is under 16 and offender is 16 years of age or older and knowingly engages in sexual contact with the victim.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense or any time prior to the date victim reaches 25, whichever period is longer.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-7.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-7.
Sexual contact with person incapable of consent

Sexual contact with person incapable of consent is a Class 4 felony.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-7.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Sexual contact with person under 16 by person under 16

Sexual contact with a person under 16 by a person under 16 is a Class 1 misdemeanor.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.

 

  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-7.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Sexual contact without consent

Sexual contact without consent is a Class 1 misdemeanor and the offender must be at least 15.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-7.4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Sexual contact or penetration by correctional facility employee with inmate

Sexual contact or penetration by a correctional facility employee with an inmate that does not otherwise constitute a felony under chapter 22-22 is a Class 6 felony if victim is an adult and a Class 4 felony if the victim is a juvenile.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-7.6.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Subsequent conviction of rape of or sexual contact with a child under 16

Class 2 felony if offender has a previous conviction for violation of § 22-22-1(5) (sexual penetration occurs and victim is at least 13 but under 16 and offender is at least three years older than victim) or § 22-22-7 (sexual contact with person under 16).

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-7.7.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Sexual exploitation of a minor

This crime is a Class 6 felony, or a Class 5 felony if the offender is convicted of a second or subsequent violation within 15 years of the prior conviction.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-24.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Sexual contact by psychotherapist

Sexual contact with emotionally dependent patient by psychotherapist at the time of contact is a Class 5 felony.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-28.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Sexual penetration by psychotherapist

Sexual penetration of emotionally dependent patient by psychotherapist at the time that penetration is committed is a Class 4 felony.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22-29.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Incest

Incest is a Class 5 felony.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22A-2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Aggravated incest—Related Child

Aggravated incest is a Class 3 felony.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22A-3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Aggravated incest—Foster Child

Aggravated incest is a Class 3 felony.

  1. The time limit is within seven years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: S.D. Codified Laws § 22-22A-3.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-42-2.
Anything else I should know?
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?






Tennessee What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Aggravated rape

Aggravated rape is a Class A felony.

  1. The time limit is within 15 years after the commission of the crime.
  2. When committed against a child prior to July 1, 1997, within 4 years of the commission of the offense or by the time the child attains the age of majority, whichever occurs later.
  3. When committed against a child on or after July 1, 1997, but prior to June 20, 2006, no later than when the child reaches 21, or within 15 years of the commission of the crime, whichever is later.
  4. When committed against a child on or after June 20, 2006, but prior to July 1, 2014, no later than 25 years from the date on which victim attains the age of 18.
  5. If the victim notifies law enforcement of the office of the attorney general within 3 years of the offense, and the offense was committed on or after July 1, 2014, or prior to July 1, 2014, unless prosecution is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2014, then there is no time limitation.
  6. When committed against a minor under 18, any time after the commission of the offense if: (A) the victim was under 13 at the time of the offense; or (B) (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim reported the offense to another person prior to the victim attaining 23 years of age. (X) Except as provided in (Y), a person may be prosecuted, tried and punished for the above-listed offenses at any time after the commission of an offense if: (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim did not meet the reporting requirements of (Y). (Y) In order to commence prosecution for an offense listed above under the circumstances described in (X), at a date that is more than 25 years from the date the victim becomes 18, the prosecution is required to offer admissible and credible evidence corroborating the allegations or similar acts by the defendant. This Section applies to offenses committed on or after July 1, 2019 or committed prior to July 1, 2019, unless prosecution for the offense is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2019.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 39-13-502.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tenn. Code § 40-2-101.
Rape

Rape is a Class B felony.

  1. The time limit is within 8 years of the commission of the offense.
  2. When committed against a child prior to July 1, 1997, within 4 years of the commission of the offense or by the time the child attains the age of majority, whichever occurs later.
  3. When committed against a child on or after July 1, 1997, but prior to June 20, 2006, no later than when the child reaches 21, or within 8 years of the commission of the crime, whichever is later.
  4. When committed against a child on or after June 20, 2006, but prior to July 1, 2014, no later than 25 years from the date on which victim attains the age of 18.
  5. If the victim notifies law enforcement of the office of the attorney general within 3 years of the offense, and the offense was committed on or after July 1, 2014, or prior to July 1, 2014, unless prosecution is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2014, then there is no time limitation.
  6. When committed against a minor under 18, any time after the commission of the offense if: (A) the victim was under 13 at the time of the offense; or (B) (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim reported the offense to another person prior to the victim attaining 23 years of age. (X) Except as provided in (Y), a person may be prosecuted, tried and punished for the above-listed offenses at any time after the commission of an offense if: (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim did not meet the reporting requirements of (Y). (Y) In order to commence prosecution for an offense listed above under the circumstances described in (X), at a date that is more than 25 years from the date the victim becomes 18, the prosecution is required to offer admissible and credible evidence corroborating the allegations or similar acts by the defendant. This Section applies to offenses committed on or after July 1, 2019 or committed prior to July 1, 2019, unless prosecution for the offense is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2019.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 39-13-503.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tenn. Code § 40-2-101.
Aggravated sexual battery

Aggravated sexual battery is a Class B felony.

  1. The time limit is within 8 years of the commission of the offense.
  2. When committed against a child prior to July 1, 1997, within 4 years of the commission of the offense or by the time the child attains the age of majority, whichever occurs later.
  3. When committed against a child on or after July 1, 1997, but prior to June 20, 2006, no later than when the child reaches 21, or within 8 years of the commission of the crime, whichever is later.
  4. When committed against a child on or after June 20, 2006, no later than 25 years from the date on which victim attains the age of 18.
  5. When committed against a minor under 18, any time after the commission of the offense if: (A) the victim was under 13 at the time of the offense; or (B) (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim reported the offense to another person prior to the victim attaining 23 years of age. (X) Except as provided in (Y), a person may be prosecuted, tried and punished for the above-listed offenses at any time after the commission of an offense if: (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim did not meet the reporting requirements of (Y). (Y) In order to commence prosecution for an offense listed above under the circumstances described in (X), at a date that is more than 25 years from the date the victim becomes 18, the prosecution is required to offer admissible and credible evidence corroborating the allegations or similar acts by the defendant. This Section applies to offenses committed on or after July 1, 2019 or committed prior to July 1, 2019, unless prosecution for the offense is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2019.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 39-13-504.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tenn. Code § 40-2-101.
Sexual battery

Sexual battery is a Class E felony.

  1. The time limit is within 2 years of the commission of the offense.
  2. When committed against a child prior to July 1, 1997, within 4 years of the commission of the offense or by the time the child attains the age of majority, whichever occurs later.
  3. When committed against a child on or after July 1, 1997, but prior to June 20, 2006, no later than when the child reaches 21, or within 2 years of the commission of the crime, whichever is later.
  4. When committed against a child on or after June 20, 2006, no later than 25 years from the date on which victim attains the age of 18.
  5. When committed against a minor under 18, any time after the commission of the offense if: (A) the victim was under 13 at the time of the offense; or (B) (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim reported the offense to another person prior to the victim attaining 23 years of age. (X) Except as provided in (Y), a person may be prosecuted, tried and punished for the above-listed offenses at any time after the commission of an offense if: (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim did not meet the reporting requirements of (Y). (Y) In order to commence prosecution for an offense listed above under the circumstances described in (X), at a date that is more than 25 years from the date the victim becomes 18, the prosecution is required to offer admissible and credible evidence corroborating the allegations or similar acts by the defendant. This Section applies to offenses committed on or after July 1, 2019 or committed prior to July 1, 2019, unless prosecution for the offense is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2019.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 39-13-505.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tenn. Code § 40-2-101.
Statutory rape

This crime is:

  • Mitigated statutory rape, Class E felony, if victim is at least 15 but under 18, and offender is at least four but not more than five years older than victim.
  • Statutory rape, Class E felony, if:
    • Victim is at least 13 but under 15, and offender is at least four years older but less than 10 years older than victim, or
    • Victim is at least 15 but under 18, and offender is more than five years older but less than 10 years older than victim.
  • Aggravated statutory rape, Class D felony, if victim is at least 13 but under 18, and offender is at least 10 years older than victim.

The statute of limitations depends on the Class of the felony:

  1. For a Class E felony, within two years after commission of the offense; or
  2. For aggravated statutory rape, if offense is committed on or after July 1, 2016, then within 15 years from the date the victim becomes 18, but if offense is committed before July 1, 2016, then within 4 years from the date of the offense.
  3. For a Class D felony, within four years after commission of the offense.
  4. When committed against a minor under 18, any time after the commission of the offense if: (A) the victim was under 13 at the time of the offense; or (B) (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim reported the offense to another person prior to the victim attaining 23 years of age. (X) Except as provided in (Y), a person may be prosecuted, tried and punished for the above-listed offenses at any time after the commission of an offense if: (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim did not meet the reporting requirements of (Y). (Y) In order to commence prosecution for an offense listed above under the circumstances described in (X), at a date that is more than 25 years from the date the victim becomes 18, the prosecution is required to offer admissible and credible evidence corroborating the allegations or similar acts by the defendant. This Section applies to offenses committed on or after July 1, 2019 or committed prior to July 1, 2019, unless prosecution for the offense is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2019.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 39-13-506.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tenn. Code § 40-2-101.    
Rape of a child more than three but under 13

Rape of a child more than three but under 13 is a Class A felony

  1. The time limit is within 15 years of the commission of the offense;
  2. When committed against a child on or after July 1, 1997, but prior to June 20, 2006, within 15 years of the commission of the offense or by the time the child attains the age of 21, whichever occurs later;
  3. When committed against a child on or after June 20, 2006, but prior to July 1, 2014, no later than 25 years from the date on which victim attains the age of 18.
  4. When committed against a minor under 18, any time after the commission of the offense if: (A) the victim was under 13 at the time of the offense; or (B) (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim reported the offense to another person prior to the victim attaining 23 years of age. (X) Except as provided in (Y), a person may be prosecuted, tried and punished for the above-listed offenses at any time after the commission of an offense if: (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim did not meet the reporting requirements of (Y). (Y) In order to commence prosecution for an offense listed above under the circumstances described in (X), at a date that is more than 25 years from the date the victim becomes 18, the prosecution is required to offer admissible and credible evidence corroborating the allegations or similar acts by the defendant. This Section applies to offenses committed on or after July 1, 2019 or committed prior to July 1, 2019, unless prosecution for the offense is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2019.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 39-13-522.
  2. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 40-2-101.
Sexual battery by an authority figure

Sexual battery by an authority figure is a Class C felony.

  1. The time limit is within 4 years after the commission of the crime;
  2. When committed against a child on or after June 20, 2006, no later than 25 years from the date on which victim attains the age of 18.
  3. When committed against a minor under 18, any time after the commission of the offense if: (A) the victim was under 13 at the time of the offense; or (B) (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim reported the offense to another person prior to the victim attaining 23 years of age. (X) Except as provided in (Y), a person may be prosecuted, tried and punished for the above-listed offenses at any time after the commission of an offense if: (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim did not meet the reporting requirements of (Y). (Y) In order to commence prosecution for an offense listed above under the circumstances described in (X), at a date that is more than 25 years from the date the victim becomes 18, the prosecution is required to offer admissible and credible evidence corroborating the allegations or similar acts by the defendant. This Section applies to offenses committed on or after July 1, 2019 or committed prior to July 1, 2019, unless prosecution for the offense is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2019.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 39-13-527.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tenn. Code § 40-2-101.
Aggravated rape of a child three years or less

Aggravated rape of a child three years or less is a Class A felony.

  1. The time limit is within 15 years of the commission of the offense.
  2. When committed against a child on or after June 1, 2007, but prior to July 1, 2014, no later than 25 years from the date on which victim attains the age of 18.
  3. When committed against a minor under 18 any time after the commission of the offense if: (A) the victim was under 13 at the time of the offense; or (B) (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim reported the offense to another person prior to the victim attaining 23 years of age. (X) Except as provided in (Y), a person may be prosecuted, tried and punished for the above-listed offenses at any time after the commission of an offense if: (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim did not meet the reporting requirements of (Y). (Y) In order to commence prosecution for an offense listed above under the circumstances described in (X), at a date that is more than 25 years from the date the victim becomes 18, the prosecution is required to offer admissible and credible evidence corroborating the allegations or similar acts by the defendant. This Section applies to offenses committed on or after July 1, 2019 or committed prior to July 1, 2019, unless prosecution for the offense is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2019.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 39-13-531.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tenn. Code § 40-2-101.
Statutory rape by an authority figure

Statutory rape by an authority figure is a Class B felony.

  1. The time limit is within 8 years of the commission of the offense.
  2. When committed against a child on or after July 1, 2007, no later than 25 years from the date on which victim attains the age of 18.
  3. When committed against a minor under 18 any time after the commission of the offense if: (A) the victim was under 13 at the time of the offense; or (B) (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim reported the offense to another person prior to the victim attaining 23 years of age. (X) Except as provided in (Y), a person may be prosecuted, tried and punished for the above-listed offenses at any time after the commission of an offense if: (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim did not meet the reporting requirements of (Y). (Y) In order to commence prosecution for an offense listed above under the circumstances described in (X), at a date that is more than 25 years from the date the victim becomes 18, the prosecution is required to offer admissible and credible evidence corroborating the allegations or similar acts by the defendant. This Section applies to offenses committed on or after July 1, 2019 or committed prior to July 1, 2019, unless prosecution for the offense is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2019.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 39-13-532.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tenn. Code § 40-2-101.
Incest

Incest is a Class C felony.

  1. The time limit is within 4 years after the commission of the offense;
  2. When committed against a child prior to July 1, 1997, within 4 years after commission of the offense or by the time the child attains the age of majority, whichever occurs later;
  3. When committed against a child on or after July 1, 1997, but prior to June 20, 2006, within 4 years of the commission of the offense or by the time the child attains the age of 21, whichever occurs later;
  4. When committed against a child on or after June 20, 2006, no later than 25 years from the date on which victim attains the age of 18.
  5. When committed against a minor under 18 any time after the commission of the offense if: (A) the victim was under 13 at the time of the offense; or (B) (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim reported the offense to another person prior to the victim attaining 23 years of age. (X) Except as provided in (Y), a person may be prosecuted, tried and punished for the above-listed offenses at any time after the commission of an offense if: (i) the victim was at least 13 years of age but no more than 17 years of age at the time of the offense, and (ii) the victim did not meet the reporting requirements of (Y). (Y) In order to commence prosecution for an offense listed above under the circumstances described in (X), at a date that is more than 25 years from the date the victim becomes 18, the prosecution is required to offer admissible and credible evidence corroborating the allegations or similar acts by the defendant. This Section applies to offenses committed on or after July 1, 2019 or committed prior to July 1, 2019, unless prosecution for the offense is barred because the applicable time limitation expired prior to July 1, 2019.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tenn. Code § 39-15-302.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tenn. Code § 40-2-101.
Anything else I should know?
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?






Texas What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Continuous sexual abuse of a young child or children
  1. There is no time imit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tex. Penal Code § 21.02.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tex. Code Crim. Proc. art. 12.01.
Improper relationship between educator and student
  1. The time limit is within 3 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tex. Penal Code § 21.12.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tex. Code Crim. Proc. art. 12.01.
Sexual assault

Note: “Child” means a person younger than 17 years of age.

  1. The time limit is within 10 years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the crime is committed against a child, then no time limit.
  3. If the offense does not involve a child, there are two circumstances in which there is no time limit, specifically, (i) during the investigation of the offense biological matter is collected and the matter: (a) has not yet been subjected to forensic DNA testing; or (b) has been subjected to forensic DNA testing and the testing results show that the matter does not match the victim or any other person whose identity is readily ascertained; or (ii) probable cause exists to believe that the defendant has committed the same or a similar sex offense against five or more victims.
  4. The time limit is 2 years from the date the offense was discovered if the offense is punishable as a state jail felony under 22.011(f)(2), meaning an offense under 22.011(a)(1) and the actor is a health care services provider who, in the course of performing an assisted reproduction procedure on the other person, uses human reproductive material from a donor knowing that the other person has not expressly consented to the use of material from that donor.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tex. Penal Code § 22.011.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tex. Code Crim. Proc. art. 12.01.
Aggravated sexual assault

Note: “Child” means a person younger than 17 years of age.

  1. The time limit is within 10 years after the commission of the offense; or
  2. If the crime is committed against a child, then no time limit. 
  1. Citation for the crime: Tex. Penal Code § 22.021.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tex. Code Crim. Proc. art. 12.01.
Prohibited sexual conduct
  1. The time limit is within 3 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tex. Penal Code § 25.02.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tex. Code Crim. Proc. art. 12.01.
Indecency with a child
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Tex. Penal Code § 21.11.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Tex. Code Crim. Proc. art. 12.01.
Anything else I should know?
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?






Utah What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Unlawful sexual activity with a minor

This crime is a:

  1. Felony; or
  2. Misdemeanor if the offender is less than 4 years older than the minor victim at the time the sexual activity occurred.

The time limit depends on the type of crime:

  1. Within 4 years after commission of the offense when it is a felony; or
  2. Within 2 years after commission of the offense when it is a misdemeanor. However, if at the time of the offense the actor is over 18, held a position of special trust as at teacher or volunteer at a school, and committed the offense against an individual who at the time of the offense was enrolled as a student where the actor was employed or volunteered, the time limit is 4 years.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-401.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-302, § 76-3-203.13
Sexual abuse of a minor
  1. The time limit is within 2 years after commission of the offense.
  2. However, if at the time of the offense the actor is over 18, held a position of special trust as at teacher or volunteer at a school, and committed the offense against an individual who at the time of the offense was enrolled as a student where the actor was employed or volunteered, the time limit is 4 years.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-401.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-302, § 76-3-203.13.
Unlawful sexual conduct with a 16 or 17 year old

This crime is a :

  1. Felony: unless the sexual conduct at issue is that: the offender touches the anus, buttocks, or any part of the genitals of the minor, or touches the breast of a female minor, or otherwise takes indecent liberties with the minor, or causes the minor to take indecent liberties with the offender or another person, with the intent to cause substantial emotional or bodily pain to any person or with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person regardless of the sex of any participant, in which case the offense is a misdemeanor. However, although designated as a misdemeanor, this conduct is classified as a felony if at the time of the offense the actor is over 18, held a position of special trust as at teacher or volunteer at a school, and committed the offense against an individual who at the time of the offense was enrolled as a student where the actor was employed or volunteered, the time limit is 4 years.

The time limit depends on the type of crime:

  1. Within 4 years after commission of the offense when it is a felony; or
  2. Within 2 years after commission of the offense when it is a misdemeanor.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-401.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-302, § 76-3-203.13.
Rape
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-402.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-301
Rape of a child under 14
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-402.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-301.
Object rape of a person 14 and older
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-402.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-301.
Object rape of a child
  1. There is no limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-402.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-301.
Forcible sodomy
  1. There is no time limit for forcible sodomy.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-403.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-301.
Sodomy on a child
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-403.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-301.
Forcible sexual abuse
  1. The time limit is within 8 years after the commission of the offense, provided that the offense was reported to a law enforcement agency within 4 years after the commission of the offense, otherwise the time limit is 4years.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-404.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-302.
Sexual abuse of a child; aggravated sexual abuse of a child
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-404.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-301.
Aggravated sexual assault
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-405.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-301.
Custodial sexual relations; custodial sexual misconduct
  1. The time limit is within 4 years after the commission of the offense.
  2. However, if the actor knows or should have known that the victim is in custody, and the conduct does not otherwise constitute a felony, but involves touching of the buttocks, anus, any part of the genitals, the breasts of a female, taking indecent liberties or causing a person in custody to take indecent liberties with the actor or another person, then the time limit is within 2 years after the commission of the offense, unless the victim is under 18, in which case the time limit is still 4 years.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-412.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-302.
Custodial sexual relations or misconduct with youth receiving state services
  1. The time limit is within 4 years after the commission of the offense. However, if the actor knows or should have known that the victim is a youth receiving state services, and the conduct does not otherwise constitute a felony, but involves touching of the buttocks, anus, any part of the genitals, the breasts of a female, taking indecent liberties or causing a person in custody to take indecent liberties with the actor or another person, then the time limit is within 2 years after the commission of the offense, unless the victim is under 18, in which case the time limit is still 4 years.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-413.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-302.
Incest
  1. The time limit is within 8 years after the offense is committed, provided that the offense was reported to a law enforcement agency within 4 years after commission of the offense, otherwise the time limit is 4 years.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-7-102.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-302.
Sexual exploitation of a minor
  1. The time limit is within 4 years after the commission of the offense. 
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5b-201.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-302.
Anything else I should know?
Sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult

Note: “Vulnerable adult” means an elder adult, or an adult 18 years of age or older who has a mental or physical impairment which substantially affects that person's ability to: (i) provide personal protection; (ii) provide necessities such as food, shelter, clothing, or medical or other health care; (iii) obtain services necessary for health, safety, or welfare; (iv) carry out the activities of daily living; (v) manage the adult's own resources; or (vi) comprehend the nature and consequences of remaining in a situation of abuse, neglect, or exploitation.

  1. The time limit is within 4 years after the commission of the offense.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Unlawful adolescent sexual activity

The time limit depends on the type of crime:

  1. Within 4 years after commission of the offense when it is a felony; or
  2. Within 2 years after commission of the offense when it is a misdemeanor.
  1. Citation for the crime: Utah Code Ann. § 76-5-401.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Utah Code Ann. § 76-1-302






Vermont What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual abuse
  1. The time limit is within 6 years after the commission of the offense.
  2. However, the time limit is within 40 years after the commission of the offense if: (i) the vulnerable adult does not consent to the sexual activity; or (ii) the perpetrator knows or should know that the vulnerable adult is incapable of resisting, declining, or consenting to the sexual activity due to his or her specific vulnerability or due to fear of retribution or hardship.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 1379.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Sexual assault
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 3252.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Aggravated sexual assault
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 3253.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Aggravated sexual assault of a child
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 3253a.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Sexual exploitation of an inmate
  1. The time limit is within 3 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 3257.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Sexual exploitation of a minor
  1. There is no time limit for this crime if the offender abuses his or her position of power, authority, or supervision over the minor in order to engage in a sexual act; otherwise the time limit is within 40 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 3258.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Lewd and lascivious conduct
  1. When committed against a child 18 or under, the time limit is within 40 years after commission of the offense;
  2. Otherwise, within 6 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 2601.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Lewd or lascivious conduct with child under 16
  1. The time limit is within 40 years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 2602.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Fornication by persons prohibited to marry
  1. The time limit is within 3 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 205.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Human Trafficking
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 2652.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Aggravated human trafficking
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 2653.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Vt. Stat. Ann. tit.13, § 4501.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?
Anything else I should know?






Virgin Islands What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Aggravated rape, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 1700.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 5, § 3541.
Aggravated rape, second degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 1700a.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 5, § 3541.
Rape, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 1701.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 5, § 3541.
Rape, second degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 1702.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 5, § 3541.
Rape, third degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 1703.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 5, § 3541.
Unlawful sexual contact, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 1708.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 5, § 3541.
Unlawful sexual contact, second degree
  1. The time limit is one year from the date of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 1709.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 5, § 3541.
Incest
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 961.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: V.I. Code Ann. tit. 5, § 3541.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?

Anything else I should know?
Virgin Islands
  • V.I. Code Ann. tit. 5, § 3541.
    • (b) If the defendant is out of the Virgin Islands when the offense is committed, the information may be filed within the term herein limited after his coming within the Virgin Islands, and no time during which the defendant is not an inhabitant of, or usually resident within, the Virgin Islands is part of the limitation.





Virginia What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-61.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Carnal knowledge of child between 13 and 15
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-63.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Carnal knowledge of certain minors
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-64.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Carnal knowledge of an inmate, parolee, probationer, detainee, or pre-trial or post-trial offender
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  2. If the offense involves a pretrial defendant or post-trial offender, and the accused is an owner or employee of the bail bond company that posted the victim’s bond and has the authority to revoke the bond, the limit is within 1 year after the commission of the offense.
  3. If the offense involves a pretrial defendant or post-trial offender who is under 18, and the accused is an owner or employee of the bail bond company that posted the victim’s bond and has the authority to revoke the bond, the limit is within 1 year after the victim reaches majority.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-64.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Forcible sodomy
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-67.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Object sexual penetration
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-67.2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Aggravated sexual battery
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-67.3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Sexual battery
  1. The time limit is within 1 year after the commission of the crime.
  2. If the victim was under 18 at the time of the offense, the time limit is within 1 year after the victim reaches majority. 
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-67.4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8.
Infected sexual battery

This crime is a:

  • Misdemeanor when the offender is aware that the offender is infected with HIV, syphilis, or hepatitis B, and engages in sexual penetration with the victim without having previously disclosed the existence of his infection to the victim; or
  • Felony when there is intent to transmit the infection.

The time limit depends on the type of crime:

  1. Within 1 year after the commission of the offense when it is a misdemeanor; or
  2. No time limit when it is a felony.
  3. If the offense is classified as a misdemeanor, and the victim was under 18 at the time of the offense, the time limit is within 1 year after the victim reaches majority.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-67.4:1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Sexual abuse of a child under 15
  1. The time limit is within 1 year after the victim reaches majority. 
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.267.4:2.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8.
Attempted rape, forcible sodomy, object sexual penetration, aggravated sexual battery, and sexual battery

This crime is classified as follows:

  • Attempted rape, attempted forcible sodomy, attempted object sexual penetration, and attempted aggravated sexual battery are felonies.
  • Attempted sexual battery is a misdemeanor.

The time limit depends on the type of crime:

  1. Within 1 year after the commission of the offense when it is a misdemeanor.
  2. If the victim was under 18 at the time of the offense, the time limit is within 1 year after the victim reaches majority.
  3. No time limit when it is a felony.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-67.5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Adultery and fornication by persons forbidden to marry; incest

This crime is classified as follows:

  • Misdemeanor; or
  • Felony when the offender commits incest with the offender's child, grandchild, or parent.

The time limit depends on the type of crime:

  1. Within 1 year after the commission of the crime when it is a misdemeanor; or
  2. No time limit when it is a felony.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-366
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Taking indecent liberties with children; penalties
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-370.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Taking indecent liberties with child by person in custodial or supervisory relationship
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-370.1.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8; Foster v. Virginia, 606 S.E. 2d 518, (Va. Ct. App. 2004).
Penetration of mouth of child with lascivious intent
  1. The time limit is within 1 year after the victim reaches majority. 
  1. Citation for the crime: Va. Code § 18.2-370.6.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Va. Code § 19.2-8.
Anything else I should know?
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations?






Washington What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Rape, first degree
  1. The time limit is within twenty years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim is under the age of sixteen, there is no time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.040
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Rape, second degree
  1. The time limit is within twenty years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the victim is under the age of sixteen, there is no time limit.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.050.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Rape, third degree
  1. The time limit is within ten years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.060.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Rape of a child, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.073.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Rape of a child, second degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.076.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Rape of a child, third degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.079.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Child molestation, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.083.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Child molestation, third degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.089.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Sexual misconduct with a minor, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.093.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Sexual misconduct with a minor, second degree
  1. The time limit is within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.096.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Custodial sexual misconduct, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.160.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Custodial sexual misconduct, second degree
  1. The time limit is within three years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.170.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Incest
  1. The time limit is within ten years after commission of the offense; or
  2. If the offense is committed against a victim under the age of 18, it may be prosecuted up to the day the victim turns 30, whichever is later.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.64.020.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Anything else I should know?
Child molestation, second degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.086.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Indecent liberties
  1. The time limit is within twenty years after commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.44.100.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.04.080.
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?






West Virginia What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual assault, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: W. Va. Code § 61-8B-3.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Carrico, 427 S.E. 2d 474, 477 (W. Va. 1993).
Sexual assault, second degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: W. Va. Code § 61-8B-4.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Carrico, 427 S.E. 2d 474, 477 (W. Va. 1993).
Sexual assault, third degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: W. Va. Code § 61-8B-5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Carrico, 427 S.E. 2d 474, 477 (W. Va. 1993).
Sexual abuse, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: W. Va. Code § 61-8B-7.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Carrico, 427 S.E. 2d 474, 477 (W. Va. 1993).
Sexual abuse, second degree
  1. The time limit is within 1 year after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: W. Va. Code § 61-8B-8.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: W. Va. Code § 61-11-9.
Sexual abuse, third degree
  1. The time limit is within 1 year after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: W. Va. Code § 61-8B-9.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: W. Va. Code § 61-11-9.
Imposition of sexual acts on persons incarcerated or under supervision
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: W. Va. Code § 61-8B-10.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Carrico, 427 S.E. 2d 474, 477 (W. Va. 1993).
Sexual abuse by parent, guardian, custodian, or person in a position of trust to child
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: W. Va. Code § 61-8D-5.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Carrico, 427 S.E. 2d 474, 477 (W. Va. 1993).
Incest
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: W. Va. Code § 61-8-12.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: State v. Carrico, 427 S.E. 2d 474, 477 (W. Va. 1993).
Anything else I should know?
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?






Wisconsin What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual exploitation by therapist
  1. The time limit is within 6 years after the commission of the offense.
  2. In computing the time limited by this section, the time during which alleged victim is unable to seek the issuance of a complaint under §968.02 due to the effects of the sexual contact or due to any threats, instructions or statements from the therapist shall not be included.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wis. Stat. § 940.22.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wis. Stat. § 939.74.
Incest
  1. The time limit is within 15 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wis. Stat. § 944.06.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wis. Stat. § 939.74.
Sexual assault of a child
  1. There is no time limit for First Degree Sexual Assault;
  2. A prosecution for Second Degree Sexual Assault must be commenced before the victim reaches the age of 45.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wis. Stat. § 948.02.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wis. Stat. § 939.74.
Engaging in repeated acts of sexual assault of the same child
  1. There is no time limit for violations of subsections 1(a) through 1(d) of this statute.
  2. Before the victim reaches the age of 45 for a violation of subsection 1(e) of this statute.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wis. Stat. § 948.025.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wis. Stat. § 939.74.
Sexual exploitation of a child
  1. The time limit is before the victim reaches the age of 45.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wis. Stat. § 948.05.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wis. Stat. § 939.74.
Incest with a child
  1. The time limit is before the victim reaches the age of 45.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wis. Stat. § 948.06.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wis. Stat. § 939.74.
Sexual assault of a child placed in substitute care
  1. The time limit is before the victim reaches the age of 45.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wis. Stat. § 948.085.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wis. Stat. § 939.74.
Sexual intercourse with a child 16 or over
  1. The limit is within 3 years after the commission of the offense.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wis. Stat. § 948.09.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wis. Stat. § 939.74.
Sexual assault of a child by a school staff person or a person who works or volunteers with children
  1. The time limit is before the victim reaches the age of 45.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wis. Stat. § 948.095.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wis. Stat. § 939.74.
Sexual Assault

The time limit depends on the type of crime:

  1. There is no time limit for Sexual Assault in the First Degree;
  2. Within 10 years after the commission of the offense for Sexual Assault in the Second Degree or Third Degree; or
  3. Within 3 years after the commission of the offense for Sexual Assault in the Fourth Degree.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wis. Stat. § 940.225.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Wis. Stat. § 939.74.
Anything else I should know?
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?






Wyoming What is the statute of limitations? Statutory Citation(s):
Sexual assault, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-302.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Remmick v. State, 275 P. 3d 467, 470 (Wyo. 2012).
Sexual assault, second degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-303.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Remmick v. State, 275 P. 3d 467, 470 (Wyo. 2012).
Sexual assault, third degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-304.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Remmick v. State, 275 P. 3d 467, 470 (Wyo. 2012).
Sexual battery
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-313.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Remmick v. State, 275 P. 3d 467, 470 (Wyo. 2012).
Sexual abuse of a minor, first degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-314.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Remmick v. State, 275 P. 3d 467, 470 (Wyo. 2012).
Sexual abuse of a minor, second degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-315.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Remmick v. State, 275 P. 3d 467, 470 (Wyo. 2012).
Sexual abuse of a minor, third degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-316.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Remmick v. State, 275 P. 3d 467, 470 (Wyo. 2012).
Sexual abuse of a minor, fourth degree
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-317.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Remmick v. State, 275 P. 3d 467, 470 (Wyo. 2012).
Incest
  1. There is no time limit for this crime.
  1. Citation for the crime: Wyo. Stat. § 6-4-402.
  2. Citation for the statute of limitations: Remmick v. State, 275 P. 3d 467, 470 (Wyo. 2012).
Anything else I should know?
Are there any exceptions to the statute of limitations laws?









DNA evidence can increase likelihood of holding a perpetrator accountable.

Read More

Sexual violence has fallen by half in the last 20 years.

More Stats

The National Sexual Assault Hotline will always be free — with your help.

Donate Now